New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSC 204 - Week 2

by: Josie Rykhus

PSC 204 - Week 2 PSC 204

Josie Rykhus
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chapter 2
International Relations
Mr. Adrian Rickert
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in International Relations

Popular in Political Science

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Josie Rykhus on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 204 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mr. Adrian Rickert in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see International Relations in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for PSC 204 - Week 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/20/16
Five Key Historical Periods I. Mercantilist Era (15th - 18th Century) a. Western European states in competition with one another, seeking overseas colonies i. Get their wealth and resources ii. Expand political power iii. Almost all countries monarchies b. Little trade among European states II. Pax Britannica (British Peace) (1815 - 1914) a. Period of globalization (similar to today) b. Britain is global superpower i. Victory over Napoleon ii. Balance of power → economic cooperation iii. They manage global, political, economic conflict 1. Maintain status quo a. Against changes to the system 2. Push for open trade to maintain peace 3. Gold standard stabilized exchange rates c. Trade starts → Concept of comparative advantage i. Ideas of Enlightenment begin to come to play ii. No longer a zero-sum game 1. Positive sum a. Many states could benefit from trade iii. Industrial Revolution → economic growth d. More peaceful between European states than previous era i. Monarchies/Autocracies = dominant government forms 1. Repressed other government forms 2. Shared common interest in suppressing social movements a. Example: labor and ethnic issues i. Most women and minorities couldn’t vote e. Concert of Europe i. Peace after Napoleonic Wars for 100 years ii. Agreement between Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria 1. Later Ottoman Empire (1856) iii. Informal institution 1. No written rules or institutions 2. A forum for discussion instead 3. Multipolar system a. All powers are roughly equal III. Thirty Years’ Crisis (1914 - 1945) a. Encompasses WWI and WWII i. Bloodshed, economic crises, rollback of democratic forms of gov’t ii. Destroys British empire 1. They could no longer afford the costs of hegemony 2. Raw power > liberal idealism a. Shatters ideals of peace, global institutions, and cooperation b. Realists point to 1930s (Great Depression) as failure of Liberalism i. History of Germany in 1930s: 1. Paying WWI reparations a. German currency becomes nearly useless 2. High unemployment 3. Hitler promises to solve problems and begins to expands into nearby countries ii. Appeasement failed to stop Hitler and League of Nations failed to prevent outbreak of WWII iii. Realists say if Allies stood firm and used military force sooner WWII could have been averted c. End of WWII i. Allies win 1. Germany and Eastern Europe is split up and monitored by USSR and three Western Allied powers IV. Cold War (1945 - 1991) a. Bipolar world: USA and USSR (two main powers remaining) have opposing ideologies i. Capitalism vs. Communism (main disagreement) 1. US and USSR start trying to gain allies a. NATO states vs. Warsaw Pact states 2. Creates mistrust and animosities ii. Increase in nuclear arsenals of each side led to MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) 1. 1945 - US is first country to develop nuclear weapons 2. 1949 - USSR is second country to develop nuclear weapons iii. US implements liberal order within its sphere of influence 1. Emphasizes free trade, democracy, free market 2. Marshall Plan (1948) a. Provided $13 billion to Western Europe and Japan to help rebuild economies iv. USSR implements command economy 1. Government sets quotas on what goods need to be produced by whom 2. Quality of life is very low 3. Gorbachev elected (1985) a. Pushed for economic and political openness to reform the system b. Pushed for free speech and assembly c. Released tensions within USSR and E. Europe → disintegration of Soviet Union into 15 independent states i. Berlin Wall falls (Nov. 1989) v. Postwar Bretton Woods system created 1. Dollar becomes the world’s reserve currency due to its stability a. Reserve currency - currency held in large quantity by institutions and gov’ts as part of their foreign exchange reserves vi. Nuclear deterrent 1. Neither side likely to attack because of retaliation 2. Fought proxy wars throughout the Third World a. Backed groups in small countries who were anti-Soviet in wars against communist groups 3. Decolonization (1950s and 60s) a. Colonies → Sovereign states b. Most of the time the state did not pick a side i. Said institutions favored Western (wealthy) states vii. European Union and NAFTA 1. Economic integration deepens in the West V. Post Cold War Era (1991 - current) a. Soviet Union collapses (1991) b. Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (August, 1990) → Gulf War (1991) i. New World Order Speech - George H.W. Bush 1. End of Gulf War 2. Global order characterized by international law and trade c. Greater role of UN (and US military) in trying to end regional humanitarian conflicts (mixed results) i. Somalia (early 1990s) 1. Failed → didn’t have its own gov’t to take over 2. Black Hawk Down a. Created popular opposition in the US ii. Rwandan Genocide 1. Didn’t become involved because of what happened in Somalia iii. Haiti iv. The Balkans (Bosnia) d. US is unipolar → only superpower in the world Readings I. The Eagle Has Crash Landed (Wallerstein, 2001) a. Mixed successes with US as global superpower i. Korea → tied ii. Vietnam → lost to a Third World country iii. Granada, Somalia, Syria, Libya b. General population at home doesn’t like US intervening in foreign affairs c. Hawks (in Bush Administration) i. Go to war too often because we “always get away with it” 1. We can’t afford it, making enemies d. What powers does a country have? i. Military, economic sanctions, allies, political influence 1. Ex. sanctions U.S. imposed on N. Korea II. Power and Decline (Walt) a. Power to choose what wars we are a part of i. If we lose does it matter if we can choose? b. Decline is relative i. Still far ahead of other countries


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.