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PSYC 1001-002, week 4, schizophrenia article summary

by: Jenna Notetaker

PSYC 1001-002, week 4, schizophrenia article summary PSYC 1001-002

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > Psychology (PSYC) > PSYC 1001-002 > PSYC 1001 002 week 4 schizophrenia article summary
Jenna Notetaker

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a summary of the article "Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia"
General Psychology (Lecture)
Jennifer Stratford
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenna Notetaker on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1001-002 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Jennifer Stratford in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (Lecture) in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Colorado at Boulder.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Jenna Fulton  PSYC:1001­002 General Psychology Dr. Stratford 9/18/2016 Summary of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia The authors of the study: Mirjam Sprong, Patricia Schothorst, Ellen Vos, Joop Hox, and  Herman Van Engeland, in their revised article Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia: Meta­analysis,  did this study to determine if mentalising impairment and schizophrenia were related. Leading to the researcher’s hypothesis, there are two studies that they focused heavily upon. One theory was by Frith in 1992, and the other was by Brüne and Harington in 2005a. The theory stated in these  studies was that mentalising impairment and schizophrenia were related in a way where certain  traits of mentalising impairment could explain different aspects of schizophrenia. The  researchers hypothesized that if someone has mentalising impairment and suffers from  schizophrenia, then there is a correlation between the two.  There were no physical participants in the study that the researchers organized because  the researchers comprised many different studies and examined the studies. They did not conduct their own study. The studies that the researchers used were all found on Medline, EMBASE, and  PsycINFO by using the same phrases and words between the different search engines, with a  total of thirty two studies being collected. The researchers only used articles that were peer­ reviewed and that were published in English, due to this there was a bias in the sample. The  different studies were grouped into the four different subgroupings of schizophrenia:  incoherence, paranoia, passivity experiences, and remission. These different subgroups of  schizophrenia allowed the researchers to determine the severity of the schizophrenia experienced in each different study they looked over. In these subgroups, each study was coded by author,  with only two authors being present, the coding allowed a common ground between the studies  incase discrepancies arose. These discrepancies were then brought up to the entire research group and discussed. The data collected from the studies, the means and standard deviations, were  comprised to make an overall mean difference which was used as the researcher’s data.  The results of the study were assembled through analyzing the data that the researchers  summarized. Through the process of assembling all of the different studies, three studies were  excluded from the original data. This was due to similar information being in the studies or being unable to contact the author of the study. The data showed that in the total sample of all the  studies, there was a homogeneity in the results between different patients meaning that the age  and sex did not affect the results. The data from the symptom subgroups showed a statistically  significant correlation between disorganized subgroups and other subgroups in the researcher’s  observations. However, in the analysis of the type of mentalising, the data was statistically  dependent which prevented he researchers from being able to fabricate a difference. The  researchers concluded that mentalising impairment does have a statistically significant effect on  schizophrenia. The data collected by the researchers gave a better understanding to the different  levels of severity of schizophrenia. Their research can be used to further help people with  schizophrenia to get better because more is known about how the disorder works. 


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