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ARTH 104

by: Jane Notetaker
Jane Notetaker
Virginia Commonwealth University

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About this Document

Chapter 22, “Sixteenth-Century Art in Northern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula,”
Survey of art II
Marina Mellado Corriente
Class Notes
ARTH, Art, ArtHistory, ARTH104, arthist, arthist104, surveyofart
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jane Notetaker on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 104 at Virginia Commonwealth University taught by Marina Mellado Corriente in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Survey of art II in Art History at Virginia Commonwealth University.

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Date Created: 09/21/16
Friday, September 16 ➡ Arch. in Rome and the Vatican ❖ Pope Julius envisioned Rome as the center of a new Christian architecture ❖ Bramante created Il Tempietto (“Little Temple”) Centralized plan (of equal axes) Sculptural effect of the exterior Over the spot where apostle Peter was believed to be crucified ➡ Venice and the Veneto ❖ Venetians saw themselves as superior to their rivals in Florence and Rome ❖ They capitalized on the medium of oil-paint ❖ Prepared colors were sold by merchants ❖ Venetians covered their walls with canvases rather than frescoes ❖ Huidity and seafaring tradition ➡ Titian ❖ A master of light and color ❖ The Venus of Urbino, contrary to its stark female nudity, may have been a reference to marriage ❖ Cassoni (chests) in the background, flowers, and dog (symbol for fidelity) ❖ Neither a goddess nor a courtesan ➡ Mannerism ❖ Advancing 16th century: new style. ❖ Possibly the result of social and religious unrest ❖ Or of artists’ need to express differently ❖ Or of a change in audience’s taste ❖ Anti-Classical and unnatural movement ❖ Artificiality, grace, and elegance ❖ Distorted and contrived forms ❖ Esoteric (obscure) subjects. ➡ Painting—Parmigianino ❖ His Madonna of the Long Neck was left unfinished ❖ Mary’s proportions are unnatural ❖ Massive legs, narrow shoulders, and long neck and fingers Intended to intrigue viewers ➡ Painting—Sofonisba Anguissola ❖ Skilled portrait painter and miniaturist ❖ Court painter ❖ Her Self-Portrait shows her meticulous technique and taster for puzzles. Also her status ➡ Sculpture ❖ Mannerist sculpture stylizes body forms and displays technical skill. ❖ Giambologna ❖ The Capture of a Sabine Woman is his most famous sculpture ❖ Conceived as a formal exercise ❖ Carved from a single block of marble ❖ Spiraling composition, dramatic gestures ➡ Art and the Counter-Reformation ❖ Paul III was the first poor to pursue Church reform in response to Protestantism ❖ Inquisition, office that sought out heretics ❖ Council of Trent (1545-1563) ❖ Art became a powerful weapon of propaganda ❖ Less ambiguous ➡ Art and Arch. in Rome and the Vatican ❖ Paul III commissioned Michelangelo for the Sistine Chapel ❖ The Last Judgment is above the altar ❖ Mannerist Features ❖ Contorted bodies, intense expressions ❖ He included his own portrait. Where? ❖ Controversial ❖ Michelangelo completed St. Peter’s Basilica ❖ Principal church of Western Christendom ❖ He undid parts to strengthen Bramante’s central plan ❖ Three surviving hemicycles show his work, and the current dome retains his basic design ➡ Later 16th-Century Art in Venice and the Veneto ❖ Turks were a threat. Christian fleet of Venetian ships defeated them at the Battle of Lepanto (1571) ❖ Christian preeminence for future generations ❖ Wealthy Venetians built palaces and villas to contain their lavish lifestyle ➡ Oil Painting ❖ Color, light, and expressively loose brushwork characterized by Venetian painting ➡ Art and Its Contexts: Veronese Is Called Before the Inquisition ❖ Veronese shocked patrons with his version of The Last Supper ❖ Pageantry + scruffy dogs + foreign solders = offensive ❖ The Inquisition ordered an explanation and subsequent renaming ➡ Arch.: Palladio ❖ His buildings featured harmonious symmetry and controlled ornamentation ❖ He published, among others, Four Books of Arch,


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