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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Yee on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Kent State University taught by Dr. Brian Grafton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Biogeography in Biological Sciences at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Carl Linneaus Came up with taxonomic system/calssifying species Came up with scientific names for organisms Alexander Von Humboldt- plant work Coined “floristic belt” Observed that plants typically vary by climate Johann Forester- one of the first people to talk about islands Noticed that in islands there existed a species area relationship- larger isolated islands = more species there are and smaller islands = less species Georges-Louis Leclerc- disagreed with conventionalist view/ “scientific study” which stated that earth was 6000 years old Also said species don’t change or evolve Buffon VS Linneaus Buffon said there was a center of origin and that species spread out and diverged from there Buffons Law- Geographically isolated but ecologically similar species have distinct assemblages of mammals and birds o Linneaus said that all modern plants and animals come from Noah’s ark o Said after the flood, species came out and found different elevations or “stations” where they could survive Charles Lyell- principles of geology Said earth was > 6000 years old Said species change over time His big idea was uniformitarianism- which says that kinds of geologic processes you view in the present also existed in the past Joseph Hooker- did groundwork for plant geography Southern hemisphere plants Noticed similarities in plant distribution relative to different areas and climates Vicariance- split in range of species that used to be in the same area Phillip Sclater- divided the world up into zoogeographic realms Each area has its own unique species that are characteristic of that area Can overlap Alfred Russell Wallace Father of modern biogeography Noticed there is an overlap of species distribution but non native species population decreases
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