GEOG 1010 Europe 1
GEOG 1010 Europe 1 GEOG 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Europe1 9/7/16 2:22 PM Major Geographical Qualities • Western extremity of Eurasia • Remains a region with aworld influence • High degrees of specialization • Lingering manufacturing dominance • Numerousnation-states • Urbanized population • High standards of living • Population implosion • International economic integration Relative Location*** • About where things are, described by other locations ○ Example: Auburn is west of Atlanta, south of Montgomery • Europe is at the heart of the land hemisphere • Maximum efficiency for contact with the rest of the world • Every part of Europe is close to the sea • Navigable waterways • Moderate distances • Centrality ○ In terms of relative location, Europe is in the middle of the world. Absolute Location • Exactly where things are, with latitude and longitude ○ Example: Auburn is 32.6099° N, 85.4808° W Europe's Climates • Most is in a humi-temperate climate like us ○ CBF • Europe would be where Canada is, longitudinally ○ Not as cold as Canada because of their warm ocean and wind currents (that circulckise in the Northern Hemisphere) § Gulf Stream § Coriolis Effect Europe's Physical Landscapes • Four Kinds: ○ Western Uplands ○ North European Lowlands ○ Central Uplands ○ Alpine Mountains • Iberian Peninsula*** Consists of Spain and Portugal ○ ○ Louisiana hot-sauce comes from New Iberia, LA • Study the Mountain ranges ** Agrarian Revolution • Began in Europe in 1750's • Based on new agricultural innovations • Enabled increased food production ○ More food, more life sustained, less nomadic behavior • Enabled sustained population increase Von Thünen's Isolated State • A classicmodelin geography • Fashioned in 1826to explain the economic patterns developing around European cities • Based on four concentric lan-use rings surrounding a marketplace (Central City) ○ ○ Intensive, farming and dairying § Goods that easily spoil ○ Forest ○ Increasing extensive field crops ○ Ranching and animal products • Land usewas a function of transportation costs • The isolated state model became the foundation for modern location theory • Industrial Revolution ○ Developed in the United Kingdom between 1750 and 1850 ○ Evolved from technical innovations in British industry ○ Proved to be a major catalyst for increased urbanization § Population moved to big cities with urbanization • What does the future hold for Europe? ○ Unification? ○ Instability? • Supranationalism ○ A venture involvint hree or more states ○ Political, economic, and or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives ○ European supranationalism started with the 1944 economBenelux Agreement § An economic union between B elgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg
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