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Introduction to Sociology Class Notes 09/12/16

by: Abigail Dolbeer

Introduction to Sociology Class Notes 09/12/16 SOC-S 100

Marketplace > Indiana University > SOC-S 100 > Introduction to Sociology Class Notes 09 12 16
Abigail Dolbeer

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About this Document

Notes for introduction to sociology
Jessica Calarco
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology, socialization
25 ?





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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abigail Dolbeer on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S 100 at Indiana University taught by Jessica Calarco in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/21/16
Finding a Question  You need to know where you want to go to figure out how to get there o Research question: your destination o Research design: your plan for getting there  Quantitative methods o Strategies for obtaining numerical information about the social world and using statistics to measure the relationship between variables  Surveys, experiments  Measuring relationships, generalizing to large populations o Quantitative basics: hypotheses and variables  Hypothesis: a proposed relationship between two variables  Hypothesis testing: deductive reasoning  Variables: some factor that can be measured  Dependent variable: a measure of some outcome the researcher is trying to explain  Independent variable: a measured factor that may have a causal impact on the outcome of interest Dependent * Collect data to find the relationships Independent  Experiment: a study designed to measure the consequences of a strategic change in the social landscape  Two groups: control and treatment  Survey: an ordered series of questions intended to elicit information from respondents  Sample: subset of a population from which a researcher collects data  Large enough to include variation in key variables  Strategically selected from the population  Statistical analyses measure the correlation between independent and dependent variables and control for other factors that might account for that relationship  Qualitative methods o Strategies for obtaining information about the meanings associated with actions and the mechanisms by which social processes occur  Interview, observation, content analysis  Revealing causal mechanisms, describing social processes o In-depth interviews: a loosely structured conversation in which a research subject describes their experiences and the meaning of those experiences  Not always reliable because of:  social desirability bias (when subjects tell researchers what they want to hear)  people may lack insight into the larger forces that shape their lives o Participant observations (ethnography)  Participant observation: a research method that seeks to document in real time people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions and situate those thoughts, feelings, and actions in the larger social context  Very small samples  Non-random samples  Strategic selection  Extended involvement  Research ethics: governed by law and by institutional review board o Do no harm o Obtain informed consent o Respect subjects’ privacy


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