ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 5
ANT 304 Class Lecture Week 5 ANT 304
Popular in Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
Popular in Anthropology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sena Sarikaya on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist in Anthropology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Class Lecture Week 5 09/19 Primates are not specialized 1. stereoscopic vision w/ overlap to give 3D vision 2. erect posture 3. nails not claws 4. generalized dentition heterodot (mult. shapes) homodot = reptiles mastication 200 lb of pressure per sq. inch 5. apposable thumb humans can touch thumb to every fingertip primates only touch sides of fingers 6. live birth fewer offspring more time & effort to rear 7. Homeothermia maintain body temp. if you’re cold > eat, shiver, etc. 09/21 Paleoindians: earlies Native American in New Word Siberian route most scientists agree 3 Fundamental Qs still w/ us When did they first come? What tools? How did they make their livelihood? What is the ultimate ancestry of 1 Nat. Am.? 100,000 y.a. > no evidence 45,00015,000 y.a. > not always best evidence 2 competing hypotheses PreClovis & Clovis PreClovis: ppl in Am. 40,000 y.a. Clovis: ppl in Am. 15,000 y.a. artifacts not diagnostic below layers of 15,000 y.a. there ARE artifacts below 15,000 y.a. BUT hard to figure out not secure evidence ppl come from Bering Land Bridge Paleoindians known as Big Game Hunters ate vegetables, etc. too but mainly large animals following food resources hunted bison antiquis & mammoth Christie Turner: University of Arizona; looking @ biological similarities btwn Siberians & N. Americans is there a connection? teeth of Nat. American & Siberians used 4,000 individuals looking for sinodonty shovel shaped incisors stronger teeth only occurs in N. Asia & Americas he predicts pop. moved out of Sib. into Am. 14,000 y.a. supports Clovis hypothesis Penn., near Pittsburg = Meadowcroft rock shelter sec. dates back to 12,000 y.a. possibly btwn 1920,000 y.a. contaminated w/ fossil fuel mat. Chile = Monte Verde 12,000–13,000 y.a. tremendous preservation b/c was covered by bog > everything stayed wet wooden framework how did ppl get down there @ such an early date? 11,50011,000 y.a. distinct culture in plains in N. America Clovis culture distinct spear point lanceolate shape parallel flaking fluting @ bottom (thins base) upper part is sharp bottom part NOT sharp attach bottom to shaft wrap in sinew shaft put in spear atlatl spearthrower extending the arm cover more distance accuracy & force increases tool kits had to be portable following game to resharpen tool, pressure off flakes bite down edge of spear point quicker, faster might swallow so dangerous
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