PY 101, Week 6
PY 101, Week 6 PY 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bartolomeo on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Memory Continued… Sensory Input Sensory Memory: unattended information is lost Short Term Memory: unrehearsed information is lost Long Term memory: some information may be lost over time Sensory memory Short term memory is attention Short term memory Long term memory is encoding Long term memory Short term memory is retrieval Memory Span and Chunking Memory span refers to the amount of information held in working memory o Chunking numbers/objects/words together make remembering easier; organizing information into meaningful groups that you’ll remember Long Term Memory Episodic Memory (personally experienced memories) Explicit (conscious effort) Semantic Memory (facts and knowledge) Long Term Memory Classical Conditioning (Associating 2 stimuli elicits a Implicit (doesn't require a response) conscious effort) Procedural Memory (motor skills and habits; muscle memory) Memory Distortion When Does Memory Fail? Schacter identified what he calls the seven sins of memory Transcience, blocking, absentmindness and persistence are related to forgetting and remembering Bias, misattribution and suggestibility are distortions of memory (most important ones) People Reconstruct Events to be Consistent People tend to recall their past beliefs and past attributes as being consistent with their current ones Memory bias o Example: untag ugly pictures on Facebook we don’t think we look like that o We want it to be consistent with our view points Flash Bulb Memories Vivid recollection of a major events Von Restorff Effect: a stimulus unlike the others is the one most remembered ex. 9/11 o Amygdala and hippocampus are activated during flash bulb memories
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