Week 5; Wednesday; Finishing up chapter 8
Week 5; Wednesday; Finishing up chapter 8 PSYC 2500-001
Popular in Behavior Analysis
Popular in Psychology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hinds Notetaker on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2500-001 at East Tennessee State University taught by Robin Leonard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Behavior Analysis in Psychology at East Tennessee State University.
Reviews for Week 5; Wednesday; Finishing up chapter 8
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/21/16
9/21/2016 Wednesday Processes in Classical Conditioning: Extinction Extinction: gradual decrease and elimination of the CR when the CS is presented repeatedly without the UCS With Pavlov’s dogs, you ring the bell several times without giving them food and they will no longer respond by salivating Processes in Respondent (/Classical) Conditioning Processes in Classical Conditioning: Spontaneous Recovery sudden reemergence of an extinguished CR after a delay you can go to the empire state building and have a reoccurring fear of heights; if it is rewarded in that moment and leads to unconditioned stimulus in that moment you will be right back where you started Same thing at 2 different levels: Habituation: the tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging unconditioned stimuli brain and processing Sensory Adaptation: the tendency of sensory receptor cells to become less responsive to a stimulus that is unchanging sensory organs: eyes, ears, nose if there is an unchanging smell, your nose/brain will stop responding to it light colored eyes let in more light so it’s harder to adjust to bright lights Higher Order Conditioning Higher Order Conditioning: a neutral stimulus (NS) is paired with a conditioned stimulus (CS) and then the neutral stimulus becomes as a CS that will elicit the same C Ex: another option for extinguishing a certain behavior Factors Influencing Respondent Conditioning *Best way to understand this material is by understanding your own particular behaviors or even people you know The nature of the NS and US has to do with previous exposure to the stimulus; some sounds are distinctive and are a more reliable indicator of the stimulus Timing of the NS and the US Trace conditioning “only one that works well; animals especially” ring the bell, give the food+ ring the bell, give the food o Delay conditioning o Simultaneous conditioning ring bell and give food at same time, but you aren’t really giving time to respond to bell o Backward conditioning doesn’t work at all with animals good then bell, food then bell 9/21/2016 Wednesday Consistent pairing of the NS and US if every time you hear a bell you get food, you will respond to bells not if it’s only sometimes. Exposure to the NS You need to do this like 20 times unless it’s related to survivor value (threat to wellbeing like taste aversion or a phobia that threatens you) Biology and Classical Conditioning Preparedness: idea that an organism is innately predisposed to learn associations between certain stimuli and responses tasteaversion: development of a dislike or aversion to a flavor or food that has been paired with illness phobia: an extreme, irrational fear of an object Note: you would not become afraid of dogs as an adult if you have had many other positive experiences with dogs; however, if you were 2 years old and attacked by one you would always be afraid of dogs. Being attacked by anything when encountering it for the first time will create a phobia rapidly. EX: you can treat phobias that have been conditioned into someone by pairing those things with things that the person likes; or presenting the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus following A lot of people don’t remember where their phobias come from because they originated before the age of 3 A fear of heights can originate from being dropped as a baby Conditioned Emotional Responses Conditioned Emotional Response (CER): a type of conditioned response in which an emotional response, such as fear, anger, or happiness, is elicited by a conditioned stimulus Discrimination and Generalization of Respondent Behavior Discrimination Training: the conditioned response is elicited by a single conditioned stimulus or a narrow range of conditioned stimuli Generalization: the tendency for the conditioned response to occur in the presence of stimuli Contrasting Respondent and Operant Conditioning Response is elicited Response is emitted Controlled by antecedents 9/21/2016 Wednesday controlled by consequences conditioning involves pairing two stimuli conditioning involves pairing a response & a stimulus
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'