Art History-Byzantine Empire and Islamic Art
Art History-Byzantine Empire and Islamic Art Art 100-02 (Introduction to Art)
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by April Sapp on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 100-02 (Introduction to Art) at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Dr. Alexandra Dodson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art 100-02 in Art History at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
ByzantineArt Introduction toArt – Week 5 Christianity Monotheistic faith – belief that God is the creator of all things • Hybrid of “central plan” (symmetrical) and “basilican plan” (elongated) • Dome primarily made of bricks and supported on pendentives Icons and Iconoclasm Icon – Greek word for “image” • controversial- believed to contradict the second commandment: Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth • opposition heightened in the 8 century Acheiropoieta – not made by human hands The Madonna Hodegetria • The original is lost, but survives in copies • Original is said to have been painted by Saint Luke IslamicArt Introduction toArt – Week 5 Islam Founded 7 century by the prophet Mohammed (b. circa 570 CE) The Five Pillars of Islam 1. The profession of faith 2. Daily Prayers (facing towards Mecca) 3. Alms-giving – donating, charitable giving 4. Fasting during Ramadan 5. Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 687-692 CE • Considered to be the first great Islamic architectural structure • Built under the rule ofAbdalmalik • Built on a bed of living rock • Non-Muslims not allowed to enter • Spolia – the practice of reusing artistic material (historical recycling) QusayrAmra, early 8 century, present day Jordan • Also built underAbdalmalik • Hybrid of a palace and a villa • Were quite luxurious complexes • Thought to be preset of later mosques Mosques The Great Mosque at Kairouan • This type of mosque became known as a “hypostyle mosque” (hall that consists of a multitude of columns • Minaret – structure from which people are called to prayer • Qibla wall – faces the direction of Mecca • Mihrab – indicates wall facing Mecca • Minbar – Iman addresses the crowd from this structure • Madksourah – special area reserved for the ruler (not present in all mosques) Minbar Kaaba in Mecca Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 8 - 10 centuries (Cathedral, 16 century) th • Gothic style cathedral in the middle of the mosque in the 1500s • Hypostyle mosque • Expanded multiple times ◦ 19 century: madksourah dome added Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, 1550-1558 Architect: Sinan, Patron: Sultah Süleymaniye the Magnificent • Sinan was responsible for all architecture throughout the empire • Mosque had an inn, four colleges, a soup kitchen, and a market among other things