Operant Conditioning PSYC 2010 - 001
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Operant Conditioning Type of associative learning in which the consequences of a behavior change the probability of the behaviors Voluntary behavior Edward Thordike Cats in puzzle boxes Law of Effect: Over time, behaviors that are rewarded are strengthened. Behaviors that have negative consequence are weakened Acquisition: Occurs because a certain behavior was reinforced Extinction: Person will no longer perform behavior if not reinforced Generalization: Behavior can generalize if wider and wider range of behaviors one reinforced B.F. Skinner Father of behaviorist Skinner box Principles of Reinforcement Reinforcement the process by which a stimulus or an event strengthens or increases the probability of a behavior or an event that it follows Positive Reinforcement: Increasing positive behavior (dog treat) Negative Reinforcement: Taking away something negative (seatbelt, headache/Advil) Ways to increase behavior Operant Condition Description Possible Examples Term Positive Add a desirable stimulus Getting a hug; receiving a Reinforcements paycheck Negative Remove an aversive Fastening seatbelt to turn off Reinforcements stimulus beeping Primary Reinforce: An Innately reinforcing stimulus like food and drink (Hug) Conditioned Reinforce: A learned reinforce that gets its reinforcing power through association with the primary reinforce (Pay Check)
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