History 1311, Monday 9/1916 Notes
History 1311, Monday 9/1916 Notes 1311-002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Friday test 9.19.16 Monday History Notes An empire of freedom British patriotism Despite the centrality of slavery to its empire, Great Britain prided itself on being the worlds most advanced and freest nation. Most Britons shared a common law, a common language, a common devotion to Protestantism, and a common enemy who was France. Britons believed that wealth, religion, and freedom came in a package all together. The British constitution Central to this sense of British identity came the concept of liberty. British liberty was a group of specific rights, a national characteristic, and a state of mind. Republican liberty. Republican celebrated active participation in public life by economically independent citizens. Republicanism held virtue- meaning a willingness to subordinate self-interest to the public good-to be crucial in public life. Republicanism in Britain was associated with the Country Party, which criticized corruption in British politics. Cato´s Letters, imbued with republican ideas, were widely read by the American colonists. Liberal freedom. It was strongly influenced by the philosopher John Locke. Lockean ideas included individual rights, the consent of the governed, and the right of rebellion against unjust or oppressive government. Locke´s ideas excluded many forms of freedom´s full benefits in the eighteenth century, but they opened the door for many challenge the limitations on their own freedom later. Colonial Politics The right to vote Ownership of property was a common qualifier for voting in the colonies. Suffrage was much more common in the colonies than in Britain. Colonial politics was hardly democratic in a modern sense. Suffrage was almost universally limited to males. In some colonies Jews, Catholics, Baptists, and Quakers could not vote. During the eighteenth century most blacks; even those with property; lost the franchise. Native Americans were generally prohibited from voting. Political Cultures Considerable power was held by those with appointive, not elective, offices Property qualifications for office holding were far higher than for voting. Deference the notion among ordinary people that wealth, education, and social prominence carried a right to public office. Limited choices in elections In New England most town leaders had the most property. Colonial Government During the first half of the 18 century the colonies were largely left to govern themselves, as British governments adopted policy of salutary neglect. Colonial press Widespread literacy and the proliferation of newspapers encouraged political discourse. Bookstores, circulation libraries, and weekly newspapers spread info. In Philadelphia Ben Franklin founded the first library in colonial America. Political commentary was widespread in colonial newspapers. Freedom of expression limits Freedom of speech was a relatively new idea. Freedom of the press was generally viewed as dangerous. After 1695, the government could not censor print material, and colonial newspapers defended freedom of press as a central part of the library. Elected assembly, not governors, discouraged freedom of press Routinely, publishers were forced to apologize for negative comments about assembly members. Colonial newspapers defended freedom of the press as a main component of the library. The trial Zenger Newspaper publisher John Peter Zenger went on trial 1735 for seditious libel. The American Enlightenment American sought to apply to political and social life the scientific method or careful investigation based on research and experiment. One inspiration for the enlightenment was a reaction against the bloody religious was the wracked Europe in the 17 century Belief in Deism embodied the spirit of the American enlightenment Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson were among a small influential group of desist The great awakenings Religious revivals The great awakening was a series of local events united by a commitment to a more emotional and personal Christianity than that offered by existing churches. The Great awakening was led by flamboyant preachers like Jonathan Edwards, whose Sinners in the Hands of an angry God stressed the need for humans to seek divine grace. The preaching of Whitefield The English minister George Whitefield is often credited with sparking the Great awakening The great awakening enlarged the boundaries of liberty as old lights and new lights defended their right to worship New light churches The awakening´s impact The Great awakening inspired criticism of many aspects of colonial society. A few preachers explicitly condemned slavery, but most slave masters managed to reconcile Christianity and slaveholding. Especially in the Chesapeake area, slaves became Christian. The great awakening, expanded the circulation of printed material in colonies.
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