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9th Day of Class Notes

by: Micah Howell

9th Day of Class Notes CLA REL 150

Marketplace > Mercer University > Religion > CLA REL 150 > 9th Day of Class Notes
Micah Howell
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About this Document

These notes differentiate between what we know about the time before and after the crucifixion and what is left in theories.
Engaging The New Testament
Craig McMahan
Class Notes
christianity, new, testament, Theory, theology, Disciples, Crucifixion, Jesus, Messianic, movements




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Micah Howell on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLA REL 150 at Mercer University taught by Craig McMahan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Engaging The New Testament in Religion at Mercer University.

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Date Created: 09/21/16
 Resurrection o From the perspective of the New Testament, this is the most important event in  the life of Jesus. o Paul recounts the events of Jesus’ life as follows: Jesus died, He resurrected, and  then He rose to Heaven.  He says this is the most important question of Christianity: Did Jesus rise  from the dead or not? (How credible is this story?) o We were not there. All we can do is look at what we know from our sources.  New Testament and historical sources  What we know (confirmed by multiple sources  multiple attestation) about Jesus’ life: o Jesus was born in 4 BCE. o He started his ministry in 29 CE.  Gathered disciples.  He was a teacher and miracle worker. o Conflict with both religious and political leaders. o Pontius Pilate ordered for him to be crucified. o Rumor spread that he had been raised from the dead. o Messianic Movements (other people claiming to be the Messiah)  4 BCE – one called Simon and one called Judas  6 CE – Judas the Gallilean  45 CE – Theudas  At this point, Fadus has replaced Pontius Pilate as the proctor.  Theudas tried to convince people that he was the Messiah by  leading many people to the Jordan River.  Romans sent soldiers to attack the group. They killed many of  them, decapitated Theudas, and brought his head back to  Jerusalem.  The Romans would hunt down and kill any so­called “Messiah.”  After this happened, the followers would scatter.  Some would seek revenge, others would claim that a brother or  other relative was actually the “Messiah.”  Theories of what happened between Jesus’ death and the Disciples’ ministries o Swoon Theory: Jesus wasn’t really dead, so when they buried him, he awoke in  the tomb.  Statements against this theory:  Someone let him out (didn’t die of starvation, etc.)  This means that the Romans weren’t very good at killing people,  which it’s known that they were. o The women went to the wrong tomb.  The Gospel writers make a point of making it clear that the women had  been to Jesus’ tomb multiple times, so this is pretty much impossible. o The Romans got the wrong Jesus.  This would assume that the Disciples watched another man get crucified  and did not realize it wasn’t Jesus. o Existential: The Christians were so sad that Jesus, a man who they thought so  much of, that they began to feel as if Jesus was still with them.  They began to tell the story of the resurrection as a metaphor, but it was  taken literally because resurrection was not a familiar concept.  Challenges:  If no one believes in life after death (unfamiliar and unaccepted  concept), then it’s not a very good metaphor. o Christian Response: He was resurrected. He was raised to life.  Challenges:  “When you kill a human being, they die.”  No analogy in our lives.  What we know (multiple attestation) about Jesus’ followers’ reaction to the crucifixion: o Jesus’ disciples did not scatter. They did not seek revenge. And they did not name James (Jesus’ half­brother) as the new Messiah.  Rather, they gathered into communities.  The disciples would continue confessing that Jesus was the Messiah, even  after the crucifixion. They also referred to him as “Lord.”  Very powerful title: politically, there was only one “Lord” in the  Greco­Roman world, and that was Caesar.  After the crucifixion, the Disciples continuously claimed that the Kingdom of God has come.  They endured heavy persecution.  Eschatology—study of the end of time. o Two kinds of eschatology in the New Testament:  Inaugurated Eschatology—Jesus inaugurates the end of time with the  resurrection, but there’s more to come.  Realized Eschatology—everything that was going to happen at the end of  time has happened (particularly with the resurrection).  The judgement has already been passed. (similar to predestination)


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