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Art 221 Notes Week 5 Day 8

by: Cassidy_SWK2018

Art 221 Notes Week 5 Day 8 Art 221

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Late Classical and Hellenistic
Honors Art History Survey I
Dr. Beth Mulvaney
Class Notes
classical greeks, Hellenistic Period
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.


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Date Created: 09/21/16
Art 221 9-20-16 Greek Late Classical 1. Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, ca. 350-340 BCE a. Early female nude b. Drew a lot of attention c. Apparently people travelled long distances to see it d. Curved hip enhances sensuality e. Standing beside hydra and removed robe, about to step down and bathe f. Implies that she is unaware of audience, she isn’t posing g. Begins to acquire emotion in expressions, dreamy/wistful h. Strut behind her 2. Praxiteles, Hermes and the infant Dionysus (copy) ca. 340 BCE a. S curve of hip again b. Rough and textured hair to play off contrast of silky skin th c. TYPICAL of 4 century because it humanizes the gods 3. Late classical vs. classical a. late i. Softer musculature ii. More texturized hair iii. Off balance iv. Different proportions 4. Lysippus, Apoxyomenos, ca. 330 BCE (the scraper) a. Roman copy after Greek bronze b. Athlete scraping dirt off his body c. S curve d. Off balance e. Tousled and textured hair f. 3D g. Facial expression h. Every day, normal action 5. Lysippus, weary Herakles (Farnese Hercules) ca. 320 BCE a. Roman copy b. Right hand behind back he has the apples from the Hesperides c. He’s tired from holding the world up while atlas goes to get the apples (previous sculpture) d. Contrast of heroically muscled man who is super tired i. Typical of late classical because he is humanistic The Hellenistic period: ca. 323-30 BCE 1. Head of Alexander the Great, 3 century BCE (after Lysippus) a. Hair is thicker and longer b. Cowlick at top of forehead c. Forehead wrinkles i. Show worry or deep thought d. Eyes are more deeply set which allows for shadow which gives greater expression and emotion 2. Battle of Issus, mosaic after a ca. 310 fresco, 1 century a. Tesserae b. Would be hard to make things look 3D, but he does c. Display of foreshortening d. Battle of Alexander against Darius of the Persians e. Theatrical and dramatic 3. Polykleitos the Younger, theater at Epidaurus, Greece, ca. 350 BCE and later a. Supported by the hill it is built on b. Amazing acoustics 4. Polykleitos the Younger, Corinthian capital (from a tholos at Epidauros) 5. Epigonos (?), Gallic chieftain killing himself and his wife, Roman copy of original bronze, ca. 230- 220 BCE a. Typical of Hellenistic i. Very dramatic ii. Single diagonal shows movement and embraces instability iii. 3D iv. Lots of realism b. Rendered the differences between themselves and the Gauls i. Courser hair, mustaches c. Part of an ensemble to celebrate Greek victory and put on a trophy monument 6. Epigonos (?), Dying Gaul, Roman copy of bronze original, ca. 230-220 BCE a. Not as muscular b. Expression c. Mustache d. Rope necklace identifies him as Gallic e. Was a trumpeter f. 3D 7. Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, ca. 175 BCE a. U shape b. Large, high relief sculpture (400 feet long) c. Stairs are 68 ft. wide and 38 ft. deep d. gigantomachy i. 45-50 years later return to mythology to address history e. Typical i. Dramatic 8. Athena attacking the Giants, detail of the gigantomachy frieze, altar of Zeus, Pergamum, ca. 175 BCE a. Diagonals b. Movement c. Emotion d. Dramatic e. Deep set eyes f. X shape composition 9. Nike of Samothrace, ca. 190 BCE a. Placed in a grotto in a pool of water with fountains b. Alighting on the prow of a boat coming down to announce victory c. Wet drapery d. Dramatic drapery implies wind e. Unstable 10. Aphrodite de Melos, ca. 150-125 BCE a. More exaggerated movement in her body b. Hellenistic has greater appeal to sensuality and sexuality i. Late classical (Aphrodite of Knidos) is more about purity 11. Old market woman, ca. 150-100 BCE (copy of a Greek work of the 2 century BCE) a. Right arm probably had a cane b. Skin droops and has transparent appearance 12. Seated boxer, ca. 100-50 BCE (bronze) a. Every day b. Cauliflower ears c. Weary 13. Laocoön, 1 century CE a. Story about Trojan war b. Being strangled by serpents for trying to save his city from attack c. Long diagonal d. Writhing e. Tons of emotion, suffering f. movement


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