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Lecture Notes, 9/19/16

by: Ashley

Lecture Notes, 9/19/16 Hist 382

Marketplace > University of Baltimore > History > Hist 382 > Lecture Notes 9 19 16
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These are the lecture notes from week two and three! Since we took a walking tour on week two and never got to go over the power point and time frame Dr. Nix smashed them into one evening.
History of Baltimore
Dr. Elizabeth Nix
Class Notes
Baltimore, history




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 382 at University of Baltimore taught by Dr. Elizabeth Nix in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see History of Baltimore in History at University of Baltimore.

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Date Created: 09/21/16
History of Baltimore. 9/19/2016 Lecture Notes: Antebellum Baltimore  Assignment: Pubic History Write up. o Bullet things you noticed on the tour last class things that you liked/ didn’t like. Your experience throughout the ground as well as in the home and chapel. o Offer a critique of the docent’s presentation.  Handwritten, turned in for completion, no credit.  Early Baltimore; A Tale of Two Cities. [corresponding power point] o Reviewed a map from the 17 century.  Pointed out various locations and settlements before Baltimore was an established town.  English people were the primary settlers at this time. The eastern store was settled before Baltimore but the people hadn’t come up o Reviewed a map from 1701  Shows jones falls coming into the basin  Divided it into the sub division  Charles Carroll  Owned a lot of land, did a lot of important things  Many named Charles Carroll, distinguish them by middle initial.  Mount Claire, another Carroll mansion, in Carroll park, one of Charles Carroll’s many houses. o When was the founding of Baltimore  Baltimore town is officially laid out in 1729, laid out plots.  Jones falls coming down, marshes causing problems, streets were laid out in a grid.  Baltimore street is the main street, the dividing line between north and south.  Baltimore street eventually moves away from the water, further north.  Charles street is now the center of town but it was Calvert Street  Set up like a Roman town, main artery and branches off.  Still set up like that in a way  So much of Baltimore is set up like a grid with one way streets compass style.  Very organized.  Easier to sell and allocate land in a grid placement.  Baltimore started as a spectator town. Trying to sell plots to people who wanted to move and develop here. o John Moale – 1752, Painting of Early Baltimore  Pastoral, not very dense.  Port city with little activity around the harbor.  Crops right on the water.  15-20 houses. In 1752 there were about 50 structures in Baltimore.  Laid out in 1729, but not much by 1752. Still very nestled.  People are swimming and fishing in the harbor, would not even consider doing that now. o 1780.  Growing, still keeping that grid pattern.  Subdivisions with smaller lots, more people coming around the inner harbor, basin, and making smaller houses there. o 1774  550 hours and 6k people.  Growing around the revolution but not really a city as Philadelphia or NY.  Filled in the marshes gradually to create usable land as they had the funds to do so.  Buildings look poorly constructed.  Dutch colonial style buildings, gable roofs  No rowhomes yet.  Many of these homes are still standing, protected by the city.  Many have been renovated but because of protective laws not many major changes can be made. o 1801 map  Map shows many estates. People own large tracts of lands with large mansions.  Town is growing and people are moving to areas around the basin.  Courthouse located at the top of the town, on an arch. Very distinctive.  Right where the battle monument is now, you can still see these buildings today. o 1815   Shows you different things in Baltimore, interactive map where you can take a look at 1815 Baltimore.  Fun to play around with, another example of digital history, always working on that. o From 1814, notice of the mud machine.  Mud machine is now in operation, 1lb per load.  Selling mud, they dredged from the harbor to fill it in. o By 1832 Baltimore had  US Bank  Unitarian Church  Commercial Bank, Farmers Bank  Battle Monument  Wards  Centre Market, very importation to economy of Baltimore o Assembly Rooms  Dancing hall, concerts, rent-a-hall.  If your family wasn’t wealthy enough to have their own, they could rent the public one. o Belvedere  Estate of John Eager Howard, where we are now. o Willow brook  On union square, torn down in the 1970s. but pictures are available in museum’s Antebellum Baltimore: before the Civil War.  First Catholic Cathedral, designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe  Washington monument, too tall and it was afraid it was going to fall on their houses. o People who lived on Calvert street, the elite area of town. o First Washington monument in America  1790 18k, 1860 212k o Doubling every decade. o Have to make more area to accommodate all those people  Clipper Ship o Fast moving, it can take cargo, serves a privateer ship in the war of 1812 o Known to carry pirates.  B&O Railroad o Decision is made in 1827, ground is broken in 1828.  Springs around town o City spring school, named after the springs around town o Workers got their water from these springs while working on the railroad.  While developing, they continued to carry out the grid, except for PA avenue. Started out as a turnpike to PA, also had to go around settlements.  Lots of the people who fought in the war of 1812 get streets named after them. o They were naming streets in 1822 so a lot of ‘war heros’ get streets named after them.  Some were just named after streets in philly.  1842 o Henry Tanner map,  North Avenue, becomes northern most boundary for the city.  The way that they collected trash o Fill the streets with pigs and dogs to pick up all the trash. o Pigs just running around the streets o People would come after the pigs and dogs to pick up after them  Lots of immigrant workers coming to work on the B&O railroad.  Irish railroad worker’s museum on the Westside.  Many AA who lived in the city, the largest population of free black before the civil war. o Women ad jobs as laundress and market women. o Irish women started competing with AA women for the same jobs. o 12% of population were free black people. o Everyone wanted to be able to walk to the water for their jobs. o South Baltimore was also filling up with people too  Frederick Douglass o Sent here as a child o Grew up on the eastern shore and moved to Baltimore after he was free. Handout given, Primary Source, article from the Baltimore Sun. Discuss the politics of Baltimore at the time based on the primary document.  Examined a newspapers article giving account of the American Party’s resolution of the party’s platform. o The platform consists of preservation of the american identity, aka xenophobic. o ‘We need to be more Americanized’ assimilation.  German, Irish, African Americans o Slavery, didn’t recognize Congress’ authority to legislate on Slavery. o AA’s could not vote in Maryland, even free land owning men. o Oppressing Immigrants’ rights as un-American o Wanted to keep church and state separate, but wanted bible in school. Everyone can have their own religion, but it should be based on the bible. Very contradictory. o Interested in excluding certain people groups from naturalization.  Wanted to limit the amount of poor and unhealthy people.  Only really wanted industrious immigrants to be able to be naturalized.  Want a radical modification of naturalization laws, with strict enforcement. o Very Xenophobic.  Resolve but none but Americans shall rule America. o Completely anti-immigrant, if they acted the right way they would embrace themselves as Americans and get rid of their own culture. o Refer to themselves as Native American o Determined to hurl all foreigners from country o Very Anti-Catholic.  Maryland was created as a Catholic haven in a very Protestant colony. (North America) o In group/ Out group psychology. o Existed everywhere, patterns all throughout America at the time.  Maryland set up a lot of discriminatory laws on Baltimore, lots of free blacks and outside slave holders. Made laws after Nat Turners rebellion in 1831 o Had to be in by 10pm o Couldn’t’ congregate outside of a church o Many other restrictive laws.  Immigration fueled Baltimore city, Elites very worried about it. Elites started leaving the city due to free blacks and lots of poor Irish immigrants.  North-West movement started before the civil war. First White Flight out of Baltimore. Many moved to Calvert Street and other areas outside of the Harbor Area where Immigrants were moving.  Disorientation of Men because immigrants ‘took their jobs’. o Started lashing out at immigrants and Catholics. Second Primary Source. Jan 16 of 1860, Baltimore Sun. Not the presidential election, legislature. Testimony about problematic polling.  To vote, you would show up with a ballot and the ballot was a specific color.  Not dependent on reading or writing. o Made it easy for political bosses to commit fraud. o People would follow you and talk to you because your ballot wasn’t secret.  Parties would bum rush the polls to try and take control of the voting. o The article that we read was a true account of a police officer who was there protecting the polls and the people’s right to vote. o Physically stabbed naturalized citizens to prevent them from voting.  Political parties were not messing around.  They wanted their candidate to win at any cost. Even if that meant denying people their constitutional rights.  People were shooting each other at polling places. o The shooter was someone who held public office. o Connected with the American Party.  People who are afraid of losing their power are demonstrating their power.  Testimony that people offered to the reporter to the general villainy by with true sentiments of the last election of the city.  These are all true accounts. o You can track down all these people. Names and ward names. o Reliable information.  This is one of the reasons we got this nickname of Mob City o Rough and tumble place o Things going on but as this get more intense and poorer immigrants start to come lots of hateful and terrible people come out of the wood work.


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