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HWC 313 Class Note 4

by: Dana Mass

HWC 313 Class Note 4 HWC 313

Dana Mass
Stony Brook U
GPA 3.52

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About this Document

These notes cover what we went over today in class. It goes over the material that is going to be in a later chapter.
Research in Social Work I
Diana Filiano
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Research in Social Work I

Popular in Social Welfare BASW (SOC WF)

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dana Mass on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HWC 313 at Stony Brook University taught by Diana Filiano in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Research in Social Work I in Social Welfare BASW (SOC WF) at Stony Brook University.


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Date Created: 09/21/16
Wednesday, September 21, 2016 HWC 313 Class Note 4 ** Looking at competencies 1 + 2 ** - Research can be biased and not inclusive (medical research) - Some of this research was done on white males and females were not tested and there was a lot of information overlooked. - When we get our sample, we need to be inclusive as possible and we have more of an ability to generalize. - Its important to use people of different backgrounds to make research more inclusive. - Racial bias in the political process: voting can be bias - Research either strengthens or weakens credibility and gives information that will either support or go against previous data. - Information cant be “well thats how I feel”, it needs to be fact and not on opinion. - Research helps us test out the truth in what is really happening in the world - Ex: Police brutality - Some concepts, variables (two things that can stand on their own), can be combined to see if they fit together. - Independent variable affects something else. It can function on its own. - Dependent variable depends on something influencing it. - Exploratory research has measures. We want people to give us their opinion. We don't know a lot about a topic so we begin to explore and observe. - Explanatory research designs discusses cause and effect. Does not test out a hypothesis. - With the research question, we need to see what logically comes first - Descriptive designs can be both qualitative and quantitative. Not used to prove or disprove hypotheses. We want to describe what we experience. We sometime compare two groups. There is A LOT of comparisons with social work research using this design. There can be hypothesis, but they may not be tested with the scientific method ( can be exploratory or explanatory). There are still concrete tools for accuracy. Surveys are ways to gain information about what is current. We know some information but not enough to fully discuss it so we expand on what is already known. - Scientific method= explanatory design. - Explanatory design: explain why (causation) something is happening. This is the highest method. This is the only design where we can say there is causation. There are multiple factors which can cause the way something or someone is (Poverty). It is deductive (starting with hypothesis and getting support). Always quantitative which means we need precision. We have one main focus and we want detailed data to support the focus. - Circumstances: - It only has to occurs in the strictest of research conditions where the experimental controls and get rid of outside influences. (anxiety affecting depression in people). - The researchers has to be able to manipulate the independent variable to measure the effect. (Measuring anxiety on how anxiety affects depression) - Characteristics of a causal hypothesis. A cause and effect relationship needs to be established. They logically have to be linked in a question and a theory. If something affects another there needs to be a proven fact that it either does affect it or doesn't. - Voluntary participation: you can participate in what you feel comfortable with and should not be pressured to move forward. 1


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