SPED 210 Chapter 6
SPED 210 Chapter 6 SPED 210
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keely Egelhoff on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPED 210 at Western Illinois University taught by Logan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see The Exceptional Learner in Special Education at Western Illinois University.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Keely Egelhof SPED 210 Logan 2/28/16 Chapter 6 Learning Disabilities - Referred to a child as minimally brain injured, a slow learner, dyslexic, perceptually disabled. - Federal definition states a child with a specific learning disability means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in every day abilities. - NJCLD has many factors involving their definition these include, Reference to psychological processes, Omission of the intrinsic nature, omission of adults, omission of self-regulation and social interaction problems, inclusion of terms difficult to define, confusion about the exclusion clause, inclusion of spelling. - APA definition states that learning disabilities are a neurological disorder that afects academic learning is maintained. Identifying - Achievement- ability discrepancy - IQ- Achievement discrepancy is a compassion between scores on standardized intelligence and achievement tests. - Response-to-intervention (RTI) or Response-to-Treatment is still being worked out but many schools are very hopeful for the system. - Gender ratio- Boys are more common to have LD than girls. This is due to their biological vulnerability Causes - Doctors have used MRI, fMRI, fMRS, PET, and ERP scans to help locate and determine brain dysfunctions. - People who live with dyslexia usually have functional or structural diferences in their left temporal lobe. - Toxins can cause fetal alcohol syndrome and disorders which leads to LD - Medical factors can cause LD. This can come from malpractice and to complications at birth. Psychological and behavioral Characteristics - Inter-individual variation means that some students will struggle in diferent areas than others. - Intar- individual Variation means that students will struggle in diferent areas and then within their own profiles - Memory problems include problems with short term memory and working memory Motivational problems can include having an external locus of control and learned helplessness. Academics - Cognitive training focuses on changing thought processes, providing strategies for learning and teaching self-initiative - Self-instruction, self- monitoring, scafolded instruction, reciprocal teaching are all forms of processes that are used to help LD students. - Using peer tutoring strategies will help students - Assessing students with many tests - Accommodations on standardized tests In the video many of the students and parents were worried about the learning disability. The parents did not want to hinder the child and the child did not want to be left behind. The parents were concerned about all of the medication that is usually provided for students where learning disabilities. The students were struggling taking their standardized testing. After this they were giving specialized accommodations to make testing easier. The administration realized that a few of their students were always going to struggle with reading and writing and math. That no matter how much they practiced their students would need to take their time. The teachers came up with ways to help the students pick up on key concepts and refine those that they struggled with.
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