SPED 210 Chapter 7
SPED 210 Chapter 7 SPED 210
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keely Egelhoff on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPED 210 at Western Illinois University taught by Logan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see The Exceptional Learner in Special Education at Western Illinois University.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Keely Egelhoff SPED 210 Logan 3/6/16 Chapter 7 History of ADHD - Many authors wrote stories and books about those who lived with ADHD. Authors Dr. Heinrich Hoffman Dr. Melchior Adam Weikard Sir Alexander Chrichton Dr. George F. Kurt Goldstein Heinz Werner, Alfred Strauss William Cruickshank extended Werner and Strauss’ work Definition of ADHD - The APA states that there are three subtypes of ADHD. For inattentive types Trouble paying attention to details Difficulty sustaining attention Problems with organization Predominantly HyperactiveImpulsive Fidgeting Leaving seat at inappropriate times Talking excessively For Impulsivity Problems awaiting one’s turn Interrupting others Causes - Can be controversial, cannot just run a blood test to determine cause - Research indicates that ADHD is results from neurological dysfunction rather than brain damage. Cerebellum Coordination and control of motor behavior Hereditary Factors Research on family studies, twin studies and molecular genetic studies If child has ADHD than 48 times likely that sibling or parent has ADHD Identical twins are 2 times more likely to both have ADHD than fraternal Several genes contribute the ADHD Toxins and Medical Factors Lead Birth complications Low birthweight Behavior - Adaptive, Social behavior problems, Coexisting conditions Adaptive Behavior Hard time driving Causes more accidents Poor anger control Social Behavior Problems Struggle making connections with peers, teacher and siblings Viewed as rude and ostracized Coexisting conditions Many who have ADHD have a learning disability 25%50% of people have emotional or behavioral disorder Can be aggressive or can act out Adolescents are more likely to use alcohol, drugs, tobacco Ritalin and drugs like it almost encourage drug abuse Assessment - Functional Behavioral, contingencybased selfmanagement Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) Used in educational programming for students with ADHD It works on making consequences for inappropriate behavior from students who try to gain attention from peers or adults Contingencybased selfmanagement Makes the student responsible for their actions Combination of both systems has proven beneficial within many classrooms. Early intervention - Can prove to be difficult Early learning stages Very hard to detect Teachers should use lots of rewards for good behavior Does not always going away after adulthood Clinical exam should be done to detect in adulthood Older student and adults may have few symptoms College May have a hard time adjusting Using coaching can help get students through classes During employment those who living with ADHD should pick a job that maximizes their skills For those who live with ADHD simple everyday tasks can be a struggle. One of the major struggles for ADHD students is relationships and their communication skills. Those who do not understand ADHD people find it hard to communicate. Since those who have ADHD have a hard time focusing they find it hard to stay with someone. The significant other in the relationship has to build a large knowledge base to work and live with those who have ADHD. In the work place those who live with ADHD may find it hard focusing for an eighthour shift. Those who have ADHD should find a job that will push them to use all of their skills to their best of their ability. In the work place both type of employees need instruction. Those who have ADHD may need more detailed instruction. Having this instruction will help them create a better product. However, at times they may feel distant from their coworkers. Lastly, they may have a hard time with every day interaction. Because those who live with ADHD do not always form strong connections they may feel isolated or removed on a daily basis. This can affect their drive and motivation to do simple tasks. As mentioned in the book many times those who have ADHD fall into a drug or tobacco habit. This can equate into the lack of drive some days. In the end those who live with ADHD need love and support. They also need a strong base to help them through the tough times. The family of ADHD patients should learn as much as they can so they can help their relative.
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