People and culture of ancient world
People and culture of ancient world 204
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cecilia Valdez on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 204 at Texas A&M University taught by Kelly Graf in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see PEOPLS & CULTS OF ANCNT WORLD in Anthropology at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
Tool technology of homo erectus 1 Acheulean tradition 1.8 ma to 200 ka Core and flake technology Bifacial tools: hand axes, cleavers, picks Most "cortex" removed Geography of the acheulian Present in Africa, western Europe and SW and south Asia. Other regions with cobble tools similar to oldowan technology Why the differences? 1 Cultural "retardation" 2 Raw material availability 3 Different behaviors 4 Multiple dispersals out of Africa Did homo erectus use fire? How do we identify "use of fire" in archaeological record? Ability to produce fire artificially Ability to control fire after production What types of evidence constitute unequivocal use and control of fire? Well defined hearth features with ash, charred sediment, and wood charcoal Firehardened wooden artifacts Burnt or charred bone in a hearth feature Evidence of Fire Zhoukoudian, China: 700500 ka (biostratigraphy), cobble tools and flakes, and homo erectus fossils 1 Extensive ash bands found across floor of cave. Hearths? 2 Charred bones, bat guano and sediment staining L . Binford: "hearths" resulted from natural layer of bat guano burning slowly insitu P . Goldberg: geochemical analyses failed to ID wood charcoal or ash, but did ID manganese staining of bones and surrounding sediment Did homo erectus hunt? Olorgasailie, Tanzania, E. Africa 1 Acheulean site excavated by G . Isaac 2 760700 kya (k/ar and biostratigraphy) 3 Hand axes, cleavers, picks found with faunal remains (mostly baboons) 4 Isaac suggested hunting Were artifacts found in a primary context and what is there association? "Catastrophic" death assemblage, suggest all members of troop died, not just weak (old and young) and not just primeaged.
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