Danc 101 Weeks 10,11,12 notes
Danc 101 Weeks 10,11,12 notes Danc 101
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by paigekw Notetaker on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Danc 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Cindy Flach (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
Dance 101 – Lecture Outlines – Weeks Ten, Eleven and Twelve TEXT: CHAPTER NINE – JAZZ DANCE, MUSICAL THEATRE AND TAP DANCE CHAPTER TEN – SOCIAL DANCE Video: That’s Dancing; Gene Kelly, Anatomy of a Dancer; Jerome Robbins, Something to Dance About; Fosse; Center Stage; Tap in America; Mad Hot Ballroom The Vaudeville Era America’s variety show (comedy, dance, opera, etc.) Comedy, tap dance, consumer friendly dance…etc. The seeds of Broadway musical theatre and movie musicals. Minstrel Shows African American performers made fun of those who belittled them African American performers, very few white. The Harlem Renaissance rebirth in the 1920’s. Harlem is an area in NY, upper Manhattan. Played in clubs in Harlem. All the dt wealthy went to hear them. Famous night club – Cotton club All performers were AA and audience was White. Family of performers were not allowed to come see them because audience was white. The Cotton Club Josephine Baker (1906-1975) Dance at the cotton club Combined African dance and club dance Adopted 30-40 children who were all from a different nation African American dancer Could not stay in the same hotels as her white crew members or hotels where she performed at. She got tired of two faced attitudes and moved to Europe. Got a job in Paris at their biggest night club. She performed there for the rest of her carrier. Showed the world there could be harmony. “The Black Crook” First unofficial musical Just words - serious play Performed on a street near Times Square. House across the street that was a dance house, which hired different companies to come perform. The theatre housing burned down before their show. Eastern European Dance Company. The producers of the Black Crook hired them to dance before the show began, and at intermission, and after the show. First time words and dance were used on stage together. Florenz Ziegfeld (1867-1932) Very flashy Producer who produced follies (follies – variety of shows) “The Ziegfeld Follies” o The shows (Leading comedy, show girls, other comics, and other acts) o Very popular attraction that helped pay the way of American musicals Made a star out of Fanny Bryce Tap Dance – Vaudeville, Minstrel Shows, Broadway, Movie Musicals, Concert Dance Combination of African rhythms and hard shoe dancing from the British Isles Definition of Tap dance Irish Jig, English Clog and Negro Shuffle o dance terms, dance styles o Tap was developed in America Strong use of syncopated rhythms Broadway style tap - High Rhythm tap – Low - often but not always improvisational Bill “Bojangles” Robinson (1878-1949) Tap dancer who is very light on his feet Shirley Temple 6 yr old child star in singing and dance Fred Astaire (1899-1987) He changed the way dance was filmed in the movies He wanted the full body image of his beautiful female dancers No close ups Ballroom and tap dance were the genres he choreographed Ginger and Fred were the most popular couple in the 30’s, 40’s, and 50’s Gene Kelly (1912-1996) Known for “singing in the rain” Movie star who became a choreographer and then a director Played as an everyday guy Fayard Nicholas (1919-2006) Nicholas bros Harold Nicholas (1924-2000) Nicholas bros Class Acts – Astaire and Rogers Fred and Ginger were always dressed wealthy in all his films Flash Acts – Nicholas Brothers – Broadway, Movie Musicals, Nightclubs Nicholas bros performed stunts, complex footwork, very flashy, grabbed everyone’s attention Sammy Davis, Jr. (1925-1990) Nightclub dance Poplular entertainers in las vegas Rat pack – with Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin Movies and television Learned to tap dance by watching other acts Tap dancer Charles “Honi” Coles (1921-1992) People said his dance was as sweet as honey, so they nicknamed him “honi” coles Charles “Cholly” Atkins (1913-2003) Jimmy Slide (b. 1927) A lot of sliding James “Buster” Brown (1913-2002) Hard hitting tap Gregory Hines (1946-2003) Movie, television, broadway star “Sophisticated Ladies” – Judith Jamison was also in this piece triple threat “ Jelly’s Last Jam”; “White Nights”; Tap – Broadway, Film, Television Old masters of tap – Coles, Atkins, Slide, Brown, and Hines Savion Glover (b. 1973) Bring in da Noise, Bring in da Funk – journey of the African American from old times to present day The Tap Dance Kid – on Broadway; Glover was in this film at 7 yrs old Jelly’s Last Jam Tap; Black and Blue Still alive today The Golden Age of Movie Musicals Tap, Ballroom and Dance for Musical Theatre Busby Berkeley – Trademark Style and Camera Work Demanded closeups of his beautiful female dancers He made his own rules Geometric patterns Almost went back to broadway but Warner’s Brothers asked him to stay and produce a musical called “40 seconds straight” Ruby keiler was a lead dancer/singer in many muscials Kaleidoscope effect (camera overhead) “I only have eyes for you” – best musical made for the television Fred Astaire (1899-1987) he changed the way dancers were filmed in the movies he wanted no closeups – wanted full body images (previously seen above) Ginger Rogers (1911-1995) Fred and Ginger were “class acts” b/c they dressed very wealthy in each movie “Royal Wedding”, “The Barclays of Broadway”, “The Gay Divorcee”, “Flying Down to Rio”, “Top Hat”. “Swing Time”, “Holiday Inn” ‘Nobody does it better than these two’ Bill “Bojangles” Robinson (1878-1949) Tap dancer who is very light on his feet idol and inspiration Each tap clear and clean Shirley Temple (Black) 6 yr old child star in singing and tap dance movies they were in together - “The Little Colonel”, “Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm” Shirley and bojangles were the second most popular couple to dance together Became america’s ambassador to the united nations Only dance team to challenge Astaire and rogers was temple and Robinson Gene Kelly (1912-1996) Movie star who became a choreographer and then a director Most commercial and masculine dancer of all time in America Made his own technique of tap dance Was a small town dance teacher and moved up to a broadway star after “Pal Joey” Dance was considered their family business He was good at working with children He wanted to bring dance to life and make everyone in America know what it was “Singing in the Rain” – written by Adolph and Betty; most known for this musical for gene kelly “An American in Paris” – second most known musical for gene kelly “On The Town”, “Brigadoon” Jack Cole (1913-1974) Father of jazz dance – worked a lot in musicals (‘theatrical jazz dance heritage’) “Kismet”, “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum”, “Man of La Mancha”, “Cover Girl” Gower Champion (1921-1980) Ballroom champion with his wife They were used in the first production of “show boat” Known for - “42 ndStreet” – recreated by champion, & “I Do! I Do!” Recreated and choreographed from original choreography - “Hello Dolly”, “Bye, Bye Birdie”, “Carnival” Ballet to Broadway and Back George Balanchine (1904-1983) original choreography “On Friday Night” “Swan Lake” Grew up in Russia. Joined Ballet Russe. Ballet Russe de Montecarlo. - Primary choreographer “On Your Toes” - show within a show. “Babes in Arms”, “The Boys from Syracuse”, “I Married An Angel” o Four pieces he did for musical theatre – which means there is a plot Agnes de Mille (1905-1993) started out as a ballet graduate. Moved to Broadway stage. Ballet and Broadway and Movie Musicals “Rodeo” about American west “Oklahoma”- about Oklahoma becoming a state. First time that the story could not be told without the dance. “Brigadoon” – jean Kelly was one of the stars. “Carousel” – Complex musical based on a daughter of a carnival barker. Her uncle was a head of a Hollywood studio Dream Sequences*** - diversion that helps tells the story. Sometimes helps to tell what will happen next. Jerome Robbins (1918-1998) Co-directors that replaced Balanchine Later on left Born to a Jewish family “West Side Story”, “Fiddler on the Roof” o about a jewish man in Russia and how he copes with life., o “Peter Pan”, “The King and I” o “Gypsy”- death of vaudville o “Fancy Free” ballet done at City Ballet. o First attempt to choreograph professionally. o Sister was a dancer as well “Peter Pan”, “The King and I”, “Gypsy”, “Fancy Free” Gillian Lynne (b. 1926) only British choreographer Danced originally with the royal ballet. Became a choreographer for the royal Shakespeare company. Andrew Weber liked her work and she became his choreographer for many performances: o “Cats”, “Phantom of the Opera”, “Aspects of Love”; “The Secret Garden”, “Chitty, Chitty Bang Bang” The Royal Ballet Modern/Contemporary Dance and Broadway Crossovers Katherine Dunham (1909-2006) “Cabin in the Sky”, “Stormy Weather” Twyla Tharp (b. 1942) Modern/Contemporary Dance, Movie Musicals, Broadway “Baryshnikov by Tharp”, “Hair”, “Amadeus”, “White Nights”,“Singing in the Rain”, “Movin’ Out”, “Come Fly Away”. “The Times They Are A-Changin”, “Push Comes to Shove”, “The Catherine Wheel” Garth Fagan (b.1940) “The Lion King” Elements of modern dance, ballet, Afro-Caribbean dance and social dancer Bill T. Jones (b.1952) Lots of swimming motifs Founder of the Bill T. Jones/Arnie Zane Dance Company Concert works include: “Last supper at Uncle Tom’s Cabin/The Promised Land”, “Still Here”, “D-Man in the Waters” Broadway: “Spring Awakening”, “Fela!” Mixed Style Compilations Bob Fosse (1927-1987) The most prolific choreographer on broadway “Cabaret”, “Chicago”, “Pippin”, “Damn Yankees” – about Yankees baseball team, “The Pajama Game”, “Redhead”, “Bells Are Ringing:, “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying: ,“Sweet Charity”, “Dancin’”, “All That Jazz” Was in the army. His style is – twitchy, percussive Often used hats. Slinky and sexual movement Susan Stroman (b. 1954) The “new” bob fosse Involved in a lot of revivals Takes many different types of dance and puts them together kind of like Twyla Tharp “Contact”, “The Producers”, “Young Frankenstein”, “Crazy for You”, “Steel Pier”, “Center Stage” Revivals: “Showboat”, “Oklahoma”, “The Music Man” “Contact”, “The Producers”, “Young Frankenstein”, “Crazy for You”, “Steel Pier”, “Center Stage” Revivals: “Showboat”, “Oklahoma”, “The Music Man” Michael Bennett (1943-1987) Died of AIDS Involved in a creation of a chorus line – gypsys “A Chorus Line”, “Dreamgirls”, “Seesaw”, “Follies”, “Company”, “Coco” – about Coco Chanel designer, “Promises, Promises” Kathleen Marshall (b. 1962) does lots of recreations of tv and broadway shows with a twist added to it Broadway: “Nice Work If You Can Get It”, Revivals: “Anything Goes”, “Grease”, “The Pajama Game”, “Little Shop of Horrors”, “Wonderful Town”; “Kiss Me Kate”, “Grease” Did a movie and stage musical of GREASE Movie Musicals, Stage Musicals, Broadway, The West End, Off Broadway, Off-Off Broadway Book Musicals, Concept Musicals, Musical Reviews Jazz Dance Luigi (1925-2015) – New York City based master teacher – Developed a technique and style that form the foundation of American Jazz Dance New York City based master teacher Developed a technique and style that form the foundation of American Jazz Dance Did a lot of movies Gus Giordano (1930 – 2008)) From chicage (mid-west) His daughter now has taken over his company Chicago-based teacher and choreographer - school and company Jazz Dance World Congress – Chicago at North Western University Jack Cole (see above) Father of theatrical jazz in night clubs Denishawn dance Bob Fosse (see above) Concert Review: Theatre in dance website – explains every ballet stars worl Thursday night concert – Bench mark of choreography o Four student works o Two alumni pieces o Open with a piece by a woman from the university of florida For now we see In a mear dendly Uses props Be aware of costumes, props, scrim, live music, footwear, dance wear or things found on a street, time period. Listen to music it tells you a lot about the piece. Read the program. Lighting design. About perceptions of beauty in modern day society – know what props are o Bitter – used in a movie Listen to lyrics – they help understand work o Pillars – A lot of little set pieces that are used as props Inspired by quote – found on program Student work o Person not place or thing – student work by mary scott Inspired by sexual assault on campus Designed to provoke thought and understand ones background before assaulting Poems at beginning and end Dancers enter as strong women in heavy shoes. Shoes come off during dance and dance starts to change as the dancers tell their stories. To make them more person. o Melanin – about skin color Charleston nine – the tragedy Includes news cast and exerts “strange Fruit” s music is in this o Sunday shoes – live musician Ballet o Last dance is swan lake (acts 2 and 4) choreographed by ballenchine o Donacetti variations – cheerful 20 min piece. That is light and energetic. Salute to Italy o Darome Robins – in the night Three different couples and their relationships and personalities to each other. NYC dancers
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