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Psy 2300 week 5

by: Regan Notetaker

Psy 2300 week 5 PSY 2300

Regan Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover the lecture on 9/20
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Seth Marshall
Class Notes
autism, Psychology, development
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regan Notetaker on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2300 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Seth Marshall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at Middle Tennessee State University.


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Date Created: 09/22/16
Developmental Psychology 2300 with Dr. Marshall Week 5 Lecture Notes 9/20/16 Centration: tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation and neglect all others Piaget asks 4 yr old how a bicycle works.. 4 yr old says “the wheels make it go” unable to see the whole picture, focuses on just the wheels Appearance/reality distinction: child sees a red car “its red” psychologist puts a filter over it that changes the color to blue and the child now believes the car is blue. Egocentrism: difficulty seeing the world from another person’s point of view Preoperational children assume everyone has the same world view as them Parallel play: in a playroom full of children, a pre-op child will play by himself (in their own world). To Preoperational children, play time is a time of autonomy, so they may not want to play with other children or their caregiver. Conservation: a child’s ability to realize that an object (number, mass, volume, matter) is the same even though you change its form. i.e. child thinks a taller, narrower glass has more water than a shorter, fatter glass Children’s Humor Concrete, simple (knock-knock jokes) children are easily amused by simple jokes because they cannot understand complex puns and jokes with double meanings Stages of Humor 1. Laugh without humor (babies just randomly laughing) 2. Laugh at the attachment figure 3. Treating an object like it’s a different object (child holding shoe up to ear and pretending it’s a phone) 4. Misnaming objects (age 3) making up names for colors or things they see 5. Playing with words 6. Riddles/ jokes (age 7) Do children understand death? Preop children have trouble grasping the permanence of death, they think of it as temporary, reversible i.e. in pretend play, a child may “kill” the Barbie/ action figure, and bring it back to life minutes later Preoperational children and religion? What do they think of God? Kids have a concrete literal view of God, they view God as a tiny person actually dwelling in their hearts, while adults have a more abstract concept of God Theory of Mind: seeing into the mind of your opponent. Awareness of one’s mental processes/ the mental processes of others Children perform better at Theory of Mind tasks when - They have more siblings (especially older) - They talk about their feelings with their parents - They engage in pretend play Gender differences in Theory of Mind - Girls understand false belief faster than boys, may be due to girls are more likely to talk about their feelings or develop language faster AUTISM  Come from the greek word “autos” meaning “self” 1. Verbal/ nonverbal communication difficulty (very limited verbal communication in severe cases) 2. Social interaction (may say inappropriate or blunt things) 3. Repetitive/ stereotyped behavior (control, executive functioning issues) Autism expresses itself differently in each case, each case is like a snowflake Leo Kanner (Autism Doctor)  extreme autistic aloneness  obsessive desire for maintenance of sameness  fascinated w/ objects  language abnormalities  normal physical appearance  larger head circumference  some preserved intellectual skills Hans Asperger  Little professors (autistic children could talk endlessly about their favorite hobbies/ subjects)  Better language skills  One-sided conversations  Special interests  Lack of empathy (tendency to say inappropriate things because they can’t empathize with other’s feelings)  Clumsy Kanner and Asperger’s criteria both fit on the autism spectrum, just in different places


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