CJ Week 3 Notes
CJ Week 3 Notes CJ 201
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luppino70 on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 201 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Karen Morris in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Interpersonal Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
The Self Everything here is a combination of what came from the textbook and from class, but those things highlighted in green were talked about in class Self-concept: how you imagine yourself, your strengths and weaknesses, feelings, etc. Others image of you Self-Disclosure: Communicating information about yourself to someone else. Some people reveal a lot or very little Factors to leading of self disclosure a. Disclosure of others. Tell me something and I will tell you something, the dyadic effect b. Audience size. One on one conversations can usually lead to more disclosure, but who you want to know will affect your disclosure c. Topic. What are you ok talking about? d. Gender. Women will share to men first usually. W to M, W to W, M to M, M to W. e. Relationship. How close you are to someone Benefits of Self Disclosure a. Knowledge of self, you learn about yourself as you say them to someone else b. Ability to cope. Getting things off your chest c. Communication effectiveness. More communication will lead to better communication d. Meaningfulness of relationships. Once self disclosure is happening the relationship will grow e. physiological health. Release things that are bottled up and this leads to less stress and overall better health. Guidelines to Self Disclosure a. Motivated. Reason for it b. Appropriate. In context it is ok, not gossip and will not hurt the individual who is being told. c. Clear. What you are trying to say. d. Reciprocal. Dialogue not Monologue Social Penetration Theory: Relationships can be related to an onion. There are levels to how people will let others know. You can reveal and get to a another level with someone Social Comparisons Cultural Teachings Self-Evaluation and interpretations Self-Awareness: How much you know about yourself Open Self, information you and others know about you Hidden Self, information you know but others don't Blind Self, information you do not know but others know about you Unknown Self, information neither you nor others know about yourself Self Esteem: measuring how valuable you think you are. How you feel about yourself Self-Realization: New information about yourself that will lead to a new thoughts and understanding about yourself Self-Effacing Humor: Making fun of yourself. Self-Destructive Beliefs: Thoughts about oneself that are counterproductive Perception process 1. Stimulation. Receiving the auditory or visual cues. Need to recognize and acknowledge what happened a. Familiar. If something is well known then it is easier to pick up on it/them b. Intensity. The louder, the brighter, the bigger, etc. c. Novel. Something new and strange will stick out more. It may be something that bugs you but is not intense enough to pick up on it. 2. Organization. Putting the stimulation in order, making sense of it a. Proximity. Something closer in time and space. Watching a door close and seeing it we connect the two things b. Similarity. Seeing something that is in common and linking them together. c. Closure. Fill in the blanks. Missing information but trying to make a guess. i. Schematics. Experience, I've seen this before so I am guessing this ii. Scripts. Assumptions based ion social norms, not from personal experience 3. Interpretation/Evaluation. Attaching meaning to the stimulation. 4. Memory. 5. Recall. Taking it out of Memory Primacy-Recency Primacy Effect, what comes first has a greater impact on you Recency Effect, what comes last will have a greater impact on you Impression Formation: processes taken when making an impression of someone. Implicit Personality Theory, rules that tell you what characteristics go together Perceptual Accentuation, you tend to see and expect what want to see and expect Consistency: maintaining balance of perceptions and attitudes Attribution, how we try to explain our own and other behaviors, this can also be known as impression formation Misattribution, inaccurately perceive something Self-serving Bias, take credit for the good, deny the bad. Trying to preserve our own self-esteem Halo Effect, if you believe someone has positive qualities, you will infer they possess other positive qualities. Reverse Halo Effect, believing someone is bad and you will not see the good qualities and anything they do is bad Self-fulfilling prophecy, a prediction that becomes true because you act as if it to be true Pygmalion Effect, others perception changes how one sees themselves Stereotyping, seeing one person a certain way and presuming that this is true for all of those who fit into that category. Perceptual accentuation, seeing what you want to see. You chose this, you are in denial since you do not want to believe. Not seeing what how the world accurately Overattribution, singling out one or two obvious characteristics about someone and attribute everything about them to the one or two characteristics Fundamental Attribution Error, overvalue someone's internal factors like personality, and undervalue external factors. Attribution of Control: a way of forming impression by our reaction to others actions or responses. How we feel about why they did something. Accurate perception Reduce uncertainty, get more information to better understand what is going on. Check your perception, ask someone else what they thought of what just happened. Analyze your perception, setting your perception because you are sure of your perception. Impression Management: process to show others the impression you want others to have of you. Rhetorical Sensitivity: Self-Handicapping Strategies: putting up obstacles or at least thinking something will be difficult and you might fail so when you do fail it was expected Self-Deprecating Strategies: trying to get someone to take care of you or help you Self-Monitoring Strategies: trying to suppress the negative by carefully watching what you do and say. Influencing Strategies: Trying to get others to follow your lead or look at you as a leader. Image-Confirming Strategies: Doing things that will boost who you think you are while also letting others know you are that way.
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