New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PY 355 Notes- Week 4

by: Alexia Acebo

PY 355 Notes- Week 4 PY 355

Alexia Acebo
GPA 3.7

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chapter 4 Notes!!
General Experimenta Psychology
Craig Walter Cummings
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Experimenta Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC),Arts and Sciences

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 355 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Craig Walter Cummings in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see General Experimenta Psychology in Psychology (PSYC),Arts and Sciences at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Popular in Psychology (PSYC),Arts and Sciences


Reviews for PY 355 Notes- Week 4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/22/16
Chapter 4: Approaches to Psychological Measurement  Observational Methods o Research involving direct observation Naturalistsic Vs. Contrived:  Naturalistic: no intervention o Participant observation: researcher also performs activities of participant  Contrived: observed in specific setting (setup for observation) o Most take place in lab Observational Methods Disguised Vs. Nondisguised **problem with undisguised observation= reactivity participants act differently because they know they are being observed **problem with disguised observation= may violate absence of consent, violate privacy Minimizing reactivity  Partial concealment: aware of observation but not WHAT is being observed  Knowledgeable Informants: people familiar with participants observe and rate  Unobtrusive measures: indirect, participants don’t know Behavioral Recording Narrative- full description Checklists- recording of behaviors in list form Measures of Latency Reaction time Task Completion Time Interbehavioral latency (elapsed time between two behaviors) Duration-How long a particular behavior lasts Observational Rating Scales- quality/intensity of a behavior Increasing reliability  Clear operational definitions  Coding system Psychological & Neuroscience Approaches **Neuroscience= broad, interdisciplinary field that studies biochemical, anatomical ….processes involving the nervous system 5 measures 1. Neural electrical activity (EEG) 2. Neuroimaging (fMRI) 3. ANS (HR, respiration) 4. Blood/ saliva (cortisol) 5. Overt reactions (EMG) Self-Report Approaches  Questionaire  Interview *Items: questions/statements in self-report measures *Single Item Measure: one analysis *Multi Item: set used together to assess same construct “Writing Good Items” 1. Be specific/precise 2. Write simply 3. Avoid assumptions 4. Conditionals precede key ideas 5. No Double-barreled items 6. Appropriate response format 7. Pretest Questionaires Most common Existing questionnaires: o Research o Books o Databases o Commercial publishers Experience Sampling methods  participants report on current thoughts/feelings  Diary methods: daily record  Computerized experience sampling: small units programmed to ask q’s throughout the day Interviews  Schedule: series of questions used in interview o More effective:  Atmosphere  Friendly attitude/ interest  No reactions  Logical sequence  Ask q’s exactly  Don’t lead respondent Biases in self reports Social desirability response: acceptance Acquiescence response style: yes Nay-Saying: disagree Archival Data **data pulled from existing Useful for:  Social/psych phenomena of past  Soc/beh changes  Articles of past  Anything studied Content Analysis  converting textual info to numerical data 1. Decide what units of text to analyze 2. Define coding 3. Categories/ ratings 4. Code for participants


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.