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Chronic Disease Notes and Prevention

by: Aunjela Latham

Chronic Disease Notes and Prevention Public health 2000

Marketplace > Ohio University > Public health 2000 > Chronic Disease Notes and Prevention
Aunjela Latham

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About this Document

prevention , control, eradication causes of diseases
Intro to public health
Heather Harmon
Class Notes
health, cancer, disease, Obesity
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aunjela Latham on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Public health 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views.


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Date Created: 09/22/16
  How do we catch infectious disease?     ● ­not washing hands  ● ­ taking care of ourselves  ● ­spreading germs ( non disinfectants)  ● ­Touching your face   ● ­ unprotected sex  ● ­blood transfusion  ● ­bites  ● ­ air/ respiratory   ● ­fecal matter     How do we catch Chronic Diseases ?  ● Diet  ● Genetics  ● Exercise  ● Women not weightlifting   ● Smoking   ● sitting/obesity  ● Lack of physical activity   ● Lack of education  ● Environment issues     Risk Factors:  1. Modifiable (controllable) → smoking, diet, physical activity, protected sex,etc.  2. Non­modifiable hereditary →( race, family history), age, gender, SES ( socioeconomic  status) , Education, attractiveness  ­ Basic uncontrollable    Chronic or Noncommunicable Diseases  Nation's leading causes of death   ­ Heart disease, stroke, cancer  Complex etiologies (causes)  Multicausation disease model   ­Host : inalterable, unique genetic endowment  ­ Personality, beliefs, behavioral choices: impact host  ­Complex Environment: exposes host to risk factors    Epidemiology and Chronic Diseases     ­Identify risk factors   ­Observe long­term trends      ­Nurses Health Study     ­Heart Disease­ leading cause of death in the U.S      ­Framingham Study­ started 1948     ­Lung Cancer and Smoking­ early 1950’s      ­ British Physicians’ study  ( Doll­Hill)    Noncommunicable Disease Problems      ­Disease of the heart and blood vessels    ­coronary heart disease    ­cerebrovascular disease( stroke)    ● ­Cancer  ● ­Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD)  ● ­Type 2 diabetes    Prioritizing Prevention and  Control  Efforts  ­ Criteria used to judge importance of disease to a community   ­ # of dead  ­ Leading causes of death   ­ # of years of potential life lost ( most ypll : cancer)   ­  captures issues affiliated with various groups   ­ $ associated with disease     Prevention Intervention, Control and Eradication of Diseases  ● Prevention: planning for and taking action to prevent or forestall onset of disease or  health problem.  ● Intervention: effort to control disease in progress; taking action during an event  ­ Control ­ Containment of a diseases; prevention and intervention measures  ● Eradication: total elimination of disease from human population.  


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