Carbohydrate CONT PSYC 2010 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
Carbohydrates Regulation of blood glucose (blood sugar) Hyperglycemia - high blood glucose Hypoglycemia - low blood glucose Role of Pancreas Release of insulin and glucagon After you eat you will have an elevated blood glucose so the pancreas will release insulin to drop it. Glucose will be transported into the cells (mainly skeleton). Some glucose will convert to glycogen, Now the blood glucose level is normal. When you haven't eaten in a while your blood glucose level is low. We will raise is using stored glycogen. It will breakdown to glucose and the blood glycose is normal. Gluconeogenesis is the body make their own glucose. Epinephrine: Fast acting "fight or flight response" Breakdown glycogen Raise blood glucose Glycemic Index of Food Blood glucose response of a given food Influenced by various factors Avoid large spikes of insulin Eating more fiber Food GI Chickapeas 39 Lentils 42 Navy 43 Beans Split Beans 45 Pinto Beans 55 White Rice 80 White 100 Bread Potatoes 121 Carbohydrate Needs RDA is 130g/day DV = 25g/day Average U.S. Intake is 12-17 g/day Fiber Putting Fiber to work Promoting bowel health Helps prevent constipation Prevents diverticulosis Functioning Fiber Probiotics: Living organism; Health benefits Prebiotic: Substances that promote growth of bacteria Reducing Obesity risk Enhancing blood glucose control Reducing cholesterol absorption Binds to cholesterol in small intestines Beneficial Effect Enhance blood glucose regulation Diabetes Mellitus (Hyperglycemia) Disorder of carbohydrate metabolism Characterized by elevated blood glucose A disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin "Starvation in the midst of plenty"
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