SYG 1000 Ch. 3
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Rodriguez on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
CHAPTER 3: CULTURE I. CULTURE A. DEFINITION Patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving that are passed rom generations to generation among members of society also include material objects B. TYPES 1. MATERIAL anything that is tangible; senses 2. NONMATERIAL Norms, values, attitudes and behaviors C. SOCIETY People living within a defined territory who share a common culture II. DIMENSIONS OF CULTURE A. NORMATIVE Culture’s standards for appropriate behavior 1. NORMS Rules that define appropriate and inappropriate behavior a. FOLKWAYS Customary ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving that lack moral overtones (Everyday common courtesies) b. MORES Huge moral significance – strong disapproval (ex. Murder and incest) c. LAWS Formally defined and enforced 2. SANCTIONS Ways we try to enforce morns They can either be positive or negative Reward vs. punish a. FORMAL You must be an official b. INFORMAL Anyone 3. VALUES Cultural principles we accept B. COGNITIVE * BELIEFS C. MATERIAL Senses, Tangible = the same object can have different meanings in different cultures III. IDEAL VS REAL CULTURE Ideal = what we say we believe in Real = actual behavior patterns IV. CULTURAL DIVERSITY A. SUBCULTURE A group that is part of the dominant culture, but differs from it in some respect Ex. Italian Americans B. COUNTERCULTURE A sub culture that is deliberately opposed to some aspect of the dominant culture Ex. Hippies, Hipsters, Punk Rock C. ETHNOCENTRISM When you judge others by your own cultural standards D. CULTURAL RELATIVISM Norms, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are not themselves right or wrong, but rather they should be judged in their own cultural context. V. CULTURAL SIMILARITY A. CULTURAL UNIVERSALS Behaviors that are shared by all known cultures About 70 cultural universals (ex. Education, athletics, division of labor) B. CULTURAL PARTICULARS We do universals in different ways
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