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SOCL 2001 Section 6 Chapter 5 Notes

by: Kristy Trahan

SOCL 2001 Section 6 Chapter 5 Notes SOCL 2001

Marketplace > Louisiana State University > Sociology > SOCL 2001 > SOCL 2001 Section 6 Chapter 5 Notes
Kristy Trahan

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Textbook/Lecture Notes Email me at if there are further questions
Introduction to Sociology
T. Kazi
Class Notes
introductiontosociology, tasiakazi, SOCL2001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristy Trahan on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 2001 at Louisiana State University taught by T. Kazi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Louisiana State University.

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Date Created: 09/22/16
SOCL 2001 Section 6 Kristy Trahan Chapter 5  It is important how we socialize our children!  Socialization: the lifelong process to which people are prepared to participate in society at every level; teach us how to behave and act o Individual o Interpersonal o Group o Organizational o Institutional  Starts from before a baby is born- baby showers with pink or blue colors to indicate gender  Watched a video about how Disney movies influence our perspective  5 Major Agents of Socialization o FAMILY: The primary agent of socialization process  Families give their children: geographical location (easterners/westerners), background (urban/rural)  Parents teach their children: importance of education, work, patriotism, religion  Children learn from their parents: dialects, food habits, leisure activities  The accumulation of all of these form our “cultural knowledge”  Cultural knowledge helps us advance in our social and economic statuses- this is the idea of cultural capitol  Cultural capital: values, attitudes, and knowledge (particularly on education) provided by parents to help us succeed in society o PIERRE BOURDIEU: COINED THIS TERM IN 1986 o SCHOOLS: second most important  Teaches us to:  Compete  Achieve  Cooperate  Obey rules  We learn from schools:  Work roles of community helpers (firefighter/doctors)  Feel patriotic  Country’s geography, history, and national holidays  Our type of government o PEER GROUPS  We learn from peer groups:  Racial/ethnic interaction  Sexual orientation  Risk taking  Adjustment  Clothing styles  Music  Some may be more heavily influenced than others SOCL 2001 Section 6 Kristy Trahan o JOB  To perform well with our job, we need to learn certain skills, values, and norms. This is called occupational socialization  Reproduction of social class (your job affects your parental values):  Blue collar vs. white collar parents o Neat, clean, obedient/ considerate, curious, happy, self- controlled  The children of these workers are taught skills and values that the workers’ use at their workplace o MASS MEDIA  American children spend more than 53 hours a week watching tv or using other gadgets= full time work week  4 hours TV/day= more craving for cereal, snacks, junk food  200 junk food ads are shown in 4 hours of children Saturday morning cartoon programming  Teaches values and needs: mother’s day, father’s day (counter initiatives by local non-profit)  Mass media is so strong nowadays (heavily influenced by capitalism)  More TV= less imagination  Can also decrease your creativity (very dangerous)  Socialization Theory o Theory created by George Herbert Mead: mind, self, and society  One of the most influential sociologists  Capacity to use symbols  Language is a symbol  Interpret the situation by giving meaning to the others’ behaviors  Other person knows the meaning of the symbol, then it is symbolic interaction (coined the term symbolic interaction)  Example: father’s attention to his daughter- the daughter knows that by crying, she will get a bottle of milk from her father  Role taking:  Play, primitive way of role taking (mainly by children) o Example: playing “mother”, playing dress up, play teacher o Always want to take the role of importance and significance  Role taking, important verstehen technique o How you feel to be someone else  The Looking-glass Self o Charles Horton Cooley  1. How we think our behaviors appear to others  2. How we think others judge our behavior  3. How we feel about their judgement  Example: “I” am clumsy vs graceful  You want to be graceful to feel more accepted by the society  Mead and Cooley pointed out that: o Social theories of self: society exists first, individual is shaped by the society SOCL 2001 Section 6 Kristy Trahan o Psychological theories of self: individual develops first, then respond to the society based on preexisting tendencies to behave in particular ways  Example: women’s usage of space  Men use more space than women; women try to always keeps their limbs closer to themselves and not all stretched out (sit like a lady)  Who teaches women these etiquettes? SOCIETY  Presentation of Self o Erving Goffman  The way we present ourselves gives other people cues about the type of interaction we expect  Impression management  The constant effort to manipulate the impression that others have of them and give out cues to lead interactions to a particular direction  Example: handshaking with friends, quiet with strangers o In Bangladesh, it is normal to yell at others in the street (just talk very loudly)  Dramaturgical approach  Prepare ourselves at the ‘backstage’, present at the ‘front stage’  All behaviors- neither instinctual nor habitual  It is a presentation of self- we learned through the socialization process o Prepare yourself by bathing, putting on makeup, shaving, and wearing suitable clothing  Shakespeare- the world is a stage and we are the performers o High school teachers are very friendly to students in the western world, however, high school teachers in the eastern world (japan, china) are very strict and should not be a friend to the students


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