New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Diana Ochoa

Introduction PSYCH 361

Diana Ochoa
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are from week one, which only covered chapter one
Principles of Behavioral Learning
Eric J. Gee, Ph.D.
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Principles of Behavioral Learning

Popular in Psychology

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Diana Ochoa on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 361 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Eric J. Gee, Ph.D. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Principles of Behavioral Learning in Psychology at Brigham Young University - Idaho.


Reviews for Introduction


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/22/16
Chapter 1 | Introduction: Learning to Change Book Notes - Learning is 1 and foremost a survival mechanism - Change is the rule; the struggle to survive is an effort to cope with change - Changes: climate, terrain, pollution, predators, environment - Natural selection also changes certain kinds of behavior - Many reflexes serve to protect us from injury - Reflex failure can occur with the use of drugs, which depress the central nervous system - Motor reflexes slow with age - Genes play a role in fearfulness, excitability, aggressiveness, activity level, drug abuse, risk-taking - Main problem with natural selection is that its slow, occurring over generations - Adaptations that helped can become useless quickly - Learning: evolved modifiability—characteristic allowing organisms to change within the lifetime of the individual - The key issue in learning: did a change in behavior occur? - Behavior=measurable - Changes in behavior are learning, the result of experience - No change in environment, no change in behavior - Behavior changes due to drugs, injury, aging, disease don’t qualify as learning - Contribute to behavior: natural selection and learning Lecture Notes - Learning: behavioral and cognitive o Behavioral: raising hand automatically after a professor asks a question o Cognitive: learning the chemical formula of water o Both: involve change - Charles Darwin o Variation of animals, physical characteristic o Change in environment o Random mutation o Changes in behavior too - Categories of behavior o Reflexes: behavior elicited by a stimulus (baby reflexes) o Modal action pattern (MAP) o General behavioral traits - Behavior: overt action or response, its observable - Stimulus: environmental event - Elicit: to bring forth - Releaser associated with MAPs, stimulus associated with reflexes - Instinct: natural action - Reflexes and MAPs: not learned, don’t have to think about it - MAP has more variability than reflexes - MAP example: dad penguin passing off chick to mom penguin - MAP: whole body experience, reflex: a single part of the body - Do humans have MAPs? o MAP criteria  Done without thought  Innate  Complex Chapter 1 | Introduction: Learning to Change  Presence of releaser  Doesn’t vary much  Whole organism o Possible human MAPs (if we do have MAPs, then maybe our frontal lobes lets us ignore them)  Nurturing children  Moral behavior  Food seeking  Mate seeking  Independence - General behavioral traits o Degree of behavioral inhibition o Criteria  Simple and complex  Variable, individual  Purposive behaviors, thoughtful  Malleable by experience  Not automatic - Genetics o Behavioral inhibition: highly reactive, low reactive o Evolved modifiability: ability to modify behavior o Environment: certain consequences affect us - William James o Consciousness is an adaption o Habits guide our behavior, sometimes things we don’t think about - Ivan Pavlov o Learns how to modify behaviors - John Watson o Psychology should only focus on behaviors o Environment is everything o Ignore consciousness because it’s not observable o Wants psychology to be like other sciences o Theoretical goal: predict and control behavior o Premises if behaviorism  Universe isn’t random, but orderly  There are causes of behavior and they can be found  Causes aren’t found in intrinsic factors, like personality  Causes are found in the external environment, physiology, genetics, and past experiences  Such intrinsic factors can be explained and described as behaviors - BF Skinner o “humans are complex chickens” o Neobehaviorism o Food isn’t a reinforce because its diminishing hunger o Atheoretical: no theory, no explanation o We need to know what control behaviors


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.