Week 5 Notes for American National Government
Week 5 Notes for American National Government PS 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Notetaker on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 110 at Western Kentucky University taught by Scott Lasley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American National Government in History at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
PS 110 Week 5 Day #9 9/20/16 Civil Rights (Equality) Timeline of Important Dates in African American Civil Rights Movement 1787 The 3/5 Compromise I 1809 Importation of slaves banned I Mid 1800s Slavery grows with Westward Expansion I 1857 Dred Scott Case decides that African Americans are not citizens I 1861 Civil War Begins, the Union Wins I 1865 The 13th Amendment makes slavery illegal I Late 1800s Southern States implement black codes, limiting the rights, barring African Americans from buying or selling property I Lates 1800s Congress responded to Black Codes by passing Civil Rights Legislation I 1870 15th Amendment Black Males constitutional right to vote I 1865-1877 Reconstruction Era: federal troops in the South to enforce the Civil Rights Amendments I 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes elected president, reconstruction era ends I Early 1800s Voting Barriers, Jim Crow Laws (legal) de jure segregation I 1896 Poesy v. Ferguson creates separate but equal, segregation is legal as long as both African Americans and Whites are provided with the same quality of life 1909 NAACP formed in response to growing numbers of lynching and inequality I 1954 Brown v. Board of Education overturns Plessy; separate is not equal, big question becomes the process of ending segregation I 1955 Brown v. Board of Education II addressed integration relatively vague and lacks teeth, sets wheels in motion I 1950s I Southern states respond with massive resistance example: Little Rock Nine I 1950s-1960s Civil Rights Movement, generally advocates civil disobedience (MLK Jr.) Rosa Parks refuses to move her seat on the bus I 1962 James Meredith admitted to Ole Miss, ﬁrst black student, integration was a slow process I 1964 The Civil Rights act of 1964 outlaws segregation in public accommodations and employment, prevents tax money from going to organizations that discriminate on the basis of race, origin, or color (adds teeth) I 1964 24th amendment: Poll Taxes I 1965 Voting Rights Act of 1965 I 1960s Addressing de facto segregation, proves to be difﬁcult Mississippi ratiﬁes 13th amendment Charlotte allowed to end bussing TQ: How have civil rights evolved over time? Asian American: barriers on property ownership immigration limits Japanese americans in WWII Have excelled in higher rates in education Hispanic Americans: same issues as african americans language (ESL) is an issue immigration legal v. illegal American Indians: unique relationship largely due to treaties that established reservations questions of how they ﬁt citizenship act 1924 Didn’t get right to vote in some states until 1948 and 1956 Gambling Indian Civil Rights Act High Rates of poverty, depression, alcohol abuse Women: suffrage Equal Pay Act of 1963 CRA of 1964: were added to parts of civil rights act in attempt to kill it Title IX 1972 broad piece of legislation but application to athletes has garnered most visibility Near ratiﬁcation of ERA Violence against women; medical leave Glass Ceiling