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Early US History Week 5 Notes

by: Madison Greer

Early US History Week 5 Notes HI 1063

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > HI 1063 > Early US History Week 5 Notes
Madison Greer

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About this Document

These notes are from week 5.
Early US History
Peter Messer
Class Notes
Indians, maturity, new, england, colonies, virginia
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/22/16
9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History • Themes ­ founded/flourished after 1660 ­ part of experiments in politics • balance power, Parliament and King • Carolinas ­ chartered in 1662 ­ solve political instability by making a Constitution  • Carolina in 1663 ­ fundamental constitutions • landgreaves (commons) and caciques (lords) • leetmen (peasants) and slaves ­ settlers: colony of a colony • bring settlers from different colonies ­ New England  ­ Barbados • English colony in the Caribbean ­ economy • hides, lumber, cattle • rice ­ 1695: before 1731 rice could only be exported to England ­ 1731: rice could be exported anywhere  • slaves • Slavery ­ black majority ­ flexible ­ changes • 1717 punish interracial sex • 1721 deny free vote • 1740 restrict emancipation 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History ­ Stono 1739 • group of slaves from Angola begin to rebel • Indians ­ new peoples, old land • Catawba • Yamasee/ Tuscarora ­ trade ­ dependence ­ war • Tuscarora: 1711 • Yamasee: 1715 • New York: Politics ­ Dutch until 1664 ­ Duke of York: Absolutism • revolts ­ Leisler’s Rebellion 1689­1691 • New York: Settlement ­ Long Island: New England ­ Hudson Valley: Manors ­ New York • diverse • slaves ­ Albany • Indians: Covenant Chain ­ alliance between the Iroquois and the English: 1677 • peace • land • order ­ mixed 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History • Pennsylvania ­ 1640s by Swedes and then Dutch ­ 1681 granted to William Penn • refuge • orderly differential ­ economy • proprietary land • Quaker economy • servants ­ Indians • population­ not there • trade­ no trade, beavers dead, disease/ alcohol • Covenant Chain • peace testimony • temporary ­ problems • aspirations vs. order • Quakers vs. Non­Quakers • British vs. German  ­ solutions • prosperity for most • politics for all • Questions ­ What are the causes of the crisis in Virginia and New England? how were they  connected to the original vision of each colony? 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History ­ What were the consequences for the colonies and the empire of the crisis of the  late 17th century? • Trouble with Tobacco: 1640­1676 (Virginia) ­ increased life expectancy • 1 in 4 immigrants lived (before 1640) • cider, brandy, beer; solves polluted water problem • seasons ­ bring servants in Spring which means you cross Atlantic during storms  ­ servants are sick and die ­ decide to import servants in fall instead • land decrease ­ people stop dying so there’s less land • labor problems  ­ what do you do with all the free servants? ­ servitude—> tenancy: they got angry ­ owners try to extend service time • overproduction ­ makes labor problems worse ­ everyone is growing tobacco • Indians ­ 1644: Indian attack ­ hostility between Indians and colonists is now normal • kleptocracy ­ government of thieves ­ taxation 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History • typically give half what you produce  • clergy doesn't pay taxes • upper middle class does pay taxes but they also charge fees to the  lower class ­ after English civil war, the crown gives away the northern neck of the  settlement which has already been settled • Virginia has a tax to buy back the northern neck • Bacon’s Rebellion: 1676 ­ Indian troubles ­ new immigrants • second sons of nobles begin to immigrate  ­ reasonably wealthy and successful but not politically tied ­ Indian war • servants killed by Indians • other servants say, “Hey us too! Declare war!”  • Bacon goes to governor; the governor says no, Bacon goes to war anyway ­ insurrection • Bacon dies ­ reform • council is no longer appointed by governor • salaries are cut dramatically • tax implemented to pay governor's fixed salary ­ old problems • overproduction • Indians • colonists still poor, taxes still too high • Maturity: 1676­1720 ­ solutions 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History • government ­ run for election • appeal to voters • slave labor ­ slaves • 2nd sons, more money, can afford it • longer life expectancy • cheap • no more indentured servants • 20% labor in 1648 to 48% in 1703 • 421 in 1670s, 1847 in 1690s, 6000 in 1700­1710 ­ separation • 1662: status follows mother • 1668: tax nonwhites • 1691, 1710, 1723: manumission (release from slavery) restricted • 1705: free slaves are denied civil rights • treatment ­ blacks treated worse ­ social stability • creates middle class ­ costs • slavery based on racism • Mature New England ­ civil war: 1644­1660 ­ new economy • fish  • lumber ­ problems • more time selling goods, less time serving God 9/13/16­9/15/16 Early US History • church membership plummets • who’s doing all the fishing and lumbering? ­ import “Strangers” ­ not part of the Puritan community ­ only there to build ships ­ King Philips’s War • Indians arguing with each other • Indians begin raising pigs ­ only pigs with knotted ears can be sold at market ­ Indians cant notch their pigs’ ears ­ Indians’ pigs are stolen • an Indian is killed • consequences ­ devastation • towns wiped out ­ economic recovery • English are broke • begin fishing, lumbering, and shipping and bam!— wealthy again ­ royal intervention • crown is tired of Puritan New England ­ Indians • End of Puritan New England ­ witches: 1692 ­ royal government • political covenant broken ­ enlightenment ­ covenant •loses political footing with government


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