Early US History Week 5 Notes
Early US History Week 5 Notes HI 1063
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
9/13/169/15/16 Early US History • Themes founded/flourished after 1660 part of experiments in politics • balance power, Parliament and King • Carolinas chartered in 1662 solve political instability by making a Constitution • Carolina in 1663 fundamental constitutions • landgreaves (commons) and caciques (lords) • leetmen (peasants) and slaves settlers: colony of a colony • bring settlers from different colonies New England Barbados • English colony in the Caribbean economy • hides, lumber, cattle • rice 1695: before 1731 rice could only be exported to England 1731: rice could be exported anywhere • slaves • Slavery black majority flexible changes • 1717 punish interracial sex • 1721 deny free vote • 1740 restrict emancipation 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History Stono 1739 • group of slaves from Angola begin to rebel • Indians new peoples, old land • Catawba • Yamasee/ Tuscarora trade dependence war • Tuscarora: 1711 • Yamasee: 1715 • New York: Politics Dutch until 1664 Duke of York: Absolutism • revolts Leisler’s Rebellion 16891691 • New York: Settlement Long Island: New England Hudson Valley: Manors New York • diverse • slaves Albany • Indians: Covenant Chain alliance between the Iroquois and the English: 1677 • peace • land • order mixed 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History • Pennsylvania 1640s by Swedes and then Dutch 1681 granted to William Penn • refuge • orderly differential economy • proprietary land • Quaker economy • servants Indians • population not there • trade no trade, beavers dead, disease/ alcohol • Covenant Chain • peace testimony • temporary problems • aspirations vs. order • Quakers vs. NonQuakers • British vs. German solutions • prosperity for most • politics for all • Questions What are the causes of the crisis in Virginia and New England? how were they connected to the original vision of each colony? 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History What were the consequences for the colonies and the empire of the crisis of the late 17th century? • Trouble with Tobacco: 16401676 (Virginia) increased life expectancy • 1 in 4 immigrants lived (before 1640) • cider, brandy, beer; solves polluted water problem • seasons bring servants in Spring which means you cross Atlantic during storms servants are sick and die decide to import servants in fall instead • land decrease people stop dying so there’s less land • labor problems what do you do with all the free servants? servitude—> tenancy: they got angry owners try to extend service time • overproduction makes labor problems worse everyone is growing tobacco • Indians 1644: Indian attack hostility between Indians and colonists is now normal • kleptocracy government of thieves taxation 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History • typically give half what you produce • clergy doesn't pay taxes • upper middle class does pay taxes but they also charge fees to the lower class after English civil war, the crown gives away the northern neck of the settlement which has already been settled • Virginia has a tax to buy back the northern neck • Bacon’s Rebellion: 1676 Indian troubles new immigrants • second sons of nobles begin to immigrate reasonably wealthy and successful but not politically tied Indian war • servants killed by Indians • other servants say, “Hey us too! Declare war!” • Bacon goes to governor; the governor says no, Bacon goes to war anyway insurrection • Bacon dies reform • council is no longer appointed by governor • salaries are cut dramatically • tax implemented to pay governor's fixed salary old problems • overproduction • Indians • colonists still poor, taxes still too high • Maturity: 16761720 solutions 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History • government run for election • appeal to voters • slave labor slaves • 2nd sons, more money, can afford it • longer life expectancy • cheap • no more indentured servants • 20% labor in 1648 to 48% in 1703 • 421 in 1670s, 1847 in 1690s, 6000 in 17001710 separation • 1662: status follows mother • 1668: tax nonwhites • 1691, 1710, 1723: manumission (release from slavery) restricted • 1705: free slaves are denied civil rights • treatment blacks treated worse social stability • creates middle class costs • slavery based on racism • Mature New England civil war: 16441660 new economy • fish • lumber problems • more time selling goods, less time serving God 9/13/169/15/16 Early US History • church membership plummets • who’s doing all the fishing and lumbering? import “Strangers” not part of the Puritan community only there to build ships King Philips’s War • Indians arguing with each other • Indians begin raising pigs only pigs with knotted ears can be sold at market Indians cant notch their pigs’ ears Indians’ pigs are stolen • an Indian is killed • consequences devastation • towns wiped out economic recovery • English are broke • begin fishing, lumbering, and shipping and bam!— wealthy again royal intervention • crown is tired of Puritan New England Indians • End of Puritan New England witches: 1692 royal government • political covenant broken enlightenment covenant •loses political footing with government
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