Early US History Week 6 Notes
Early US History Week 6 Notes HI 1063
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
92216 Early US History • Questions What were the prevailing economic, social, and political conditions in the “mature” British colonies? How did those conditions contribute to the Great Awakening? • Imperial Reform centralization • Navigation Acts customs system Board of Trade • all products have to be sent to colonies or England • only sent in British built ships with British crews • governors conflict/cooperation • trade Strangers built ships in New England • politics • Mature Colonies population growth • 250K in 1700 • 500K in 1730 • 2.5M in 1775 natural increase, women giving birth to 8 or more children per family • 350K immigrants vibrant politics • very competitive • except in South Carolina because people only wanted to grow rice there economic expansion • cities concentrates capital 92216 Early US History • boosts the market Philly Boston New York Charles Town Newport • Prosperity wealth • colonies worth 13£ per annum • England worth 11£ and France 6£ • 1/4 tax rate in England consumption • 10% of all British goods • moved to 37% • Goods fabric • fine, luxury fabrics furniture • houses becoming fancy tea sets, china, porcelain • Consequences cultural • connections • aspirations neurological? • dopamine hormone for pleasure coffee tea handling luxury goods 92216 Early US History new spaces and places • taverns • spaces of sociability • Problems poverty • Boston’s poor doubles • New York’s poor quadruples how? • not every one that moves to the city becomes successful • cities are small • greater class division land exhaustion/ population • states have been subdivided • soil is not rich like it used to be slavery • most colonies are societies with slaves • 500,000 enslaved people by 1775 • labor regime most slaves live in urban areas who work for elites as house servants usually work without other slaves task: lowcountry • swamps have mosquitos that transmit disease • once slaves are done doing that master’s work, they have free time to do whatever they want most slaves grew their own food and took care of themselves some slaves that grew crops would sell their extra for money (illegally) gang: Chesapeake 92216 Early US History • many slaves working together • not a lot of free time • more structured; more controlled • a slave for every job • Creole Culture slaves in North were surrounded by whites slaves integrated into white culture • families • church lowcountry • most African culture Chesapeake • slaves live longer • slaves fresh from Africa have a difficult time integrating conditions worsen • people work longer, die more often revolts • New York: 1712, 1241 • Stono: 1739 • Virginia: 1687, 1710, 1722, 1723, 1730 • Great Awakening crisis in religion • New England people want to be saved but they’re not • Middle Colonies people want to go to church and be involved but they don't have the means 92216 Early US History • New Religion new style • more up to the individual • more about “feeling” and understanding the faith Jonathan Edwards: 17431735, 1740 George Whitfield controversies innovations
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