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CC 201-001 Week 5 Class 7

by: Jennifer Gintovt

CC 201-001 Week 5 Class 7 CC 201-001

Jennifer Gintovt
GPA 3.361

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About this Document

Here are my personal notes from week 5 class 7 lecture. Material covered in this note set includes: -Victimization -Cost of hacking -Luis Mijangos, Remote Access, sextortion -Protecting yourself
Introduction to Cyber Criminology
Adam Ghazi-Tehrani
Class Notes
Cybercrime, hacking, Victimization, sextortion
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Gintovt on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CC 201-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Adam Ghazi-Tehrani in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cyber Criminology in Cyber Criminology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 09/22/16
Victimization IBM (2016) • 1.5 million cyber attacks each year o 4,000 attacks every day o 170 attacks every hour o 3 attacks every minute • businesses are attacked an average of 16,856 times per year o 46 attacks per day o 1.7 attacks per week = successful Cost of hacking: • McAfee o Estimates annual global cost of attacks could be over $400 billion § More money less effort o Average armed bank robbery nets $6,000 • 2013 o 7% of US organizations lost $1 mil or more o 19% of US organizations report losses of $50,000 or more Individual victimization: • growing group • cybercrimes against individuals reported to the FBI in 2013 totaled losses of over $781 million o average loss of nearly $3,000 per complaint Types of crimes: • $81 mil – romance scammers o target people through online dating sites • $51 mil – auto scammers o convince targets to pay for cars that don’t exist • $18 mil – real estate rental scams o convince buyers to pay for property that doesn’t exist (ex- time shares) • $6 mil – FBI scammers –about $700 per victim o people pretending to be government officials Remote Access Tools: • Luis Mijangos o Hacker behind most famous sextortion case to date o Victims: § Spring- 2009 § College student received an instant message from someone who claimed to know her § Told her what her bedroom looked like and claimed to have nude photos of her • Sends photos to her and asks her to have “web sex” with him § Girl contacts boyfriend who had the naked photos • The two students exchange instant messages about stalker trying to figure out what happened o Not long after she gets a message from the stalker threatening her telling her he knows what her and her boyfriend had talked about and not to go to the police § Contacts campus police § Officer shows up to room and she tells him information and leaves § Stalker then threatens her boyfriend because she contacted the police o This wasn’t just happening to them though § In LA around the same time another girl named Sara (juvenile) received an instant message from someone that was impersonating her bf § She sends pictures and realizes that’s not her bf § Stalker beings to threaten Sarah with posting her nude photos § Stalker knows she’s emailing her bf, and calls her and tells her she needs to take it more seriously o “Gloria” § received an email from someone who claimed to have invaded her computer § claimed Gloria’s ex-boyfriend hired him § Gloria didn’t reply to the email, received another that contained a nude picture of her • Hacker promised to post it on the Internet if she didn’t do what he wanted o Gloria sends copies of the threats to a friend of hers o Stalker knows and proceeds to post her photos to her friends MySpace account 2 The Case: • Hacker had gone after so many people that the Glendale Calif. Police take notice and see the broader pattern • FBI investigated and on March 8, 2010 after 6 months of investigating and interviewing they are lead to a small neat home • FBI finds 32-year-old Luis “Guicho” Mijangos o Wheelchair bound o Illegal alien o Shot at 17 and was paralyzed from waist down o Admitted to FBI that he hacked people’s computers o Favorite trick was to put files on peer to peer networks that would infect people’s computers when they downloaded it (this would give him access to their machines) o Claims to have only done it 5 times o FBI originally thought that there were 3 people involved, not one o Stalker-style behavior was being “misconstrued” o Claimed that he was doing it to catch cheating boyfriends/girlfriends/spouses and was hired Charges: • FBI finds 4 laptops, a blackberry, and a bunch of USB drives in the home • Hacked a total of 129 different computers and victimized a total of 230 victims • 44 of the victims were juveniles • After arrest he admits that he supports himself through complicated financial hacks- makes around $3,000 a day • Hung around hacker forums like “CC power” and learned how to use tools like Poison Ivy and SpyNet and “crypter” software to hide who he was from other machines Sextortion: • Was calling card • Spent a significant amount of time targeting victims • If he gained access to a woman’s computer, he would search for incriminating information or access webcam to create his own • If he accessed a man’s computer, he would impersonate the man and reach out to the female partner • Once he received photos he would threaten to post them online unless they kept sending them • Constantly monitoring people’s communications 3 • Watch instant messages and email communications, phone conversations he would listen in on over the computers microphone • Omniscient effect would terrify victims Verdict: • Plea deal with government and copped to 2 felony charges • Required to no longer participate in hacks • Only sentenced to 72 months o Harsh sentence due to the fact of his “psychological warfare” and “sustained effort to terrorize victims” How to protect yourself: • Don’t take nude photos • Definitely don’t share it • Mijangos crimes would not have been possible if the pictures weren’t there o Easier said than done though... § Studies suggest that the majority of smartphone users participate in activity • Put passwords on everything o Make them different • Turn on 2 factor authentication o Securing your devices with both a password an another device • Webcam stickers • Double and triple check links you receive o Very common attack vector • Contact the police when all else fails 4


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