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THEA TECH Week 7 Notes

by: MaryAynne Miller

THEA TECH Week 7 Notes THEA2310-001

Marketplace > Auburn University > Theatre > THEA2310-001 > THEA TECH Week 7 Notes
MaryAynne Miller
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About this Document

These notes cover the lecture on Wednesday's class.
Theatre Tech Lecture
Matthew Gist
Class Notes
color, pigments, lights, colorwheel, theatre, Tech, theatretech




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by MaryAynne Miller on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA2310-001 at Auburn University taught by Matthew Gist in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Theatre Tech Lecture in Theatre at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/22/16
Color – Enhancing the composition “Most powerful tool in the designer tool box” Light Theory  Visual perception of all color is derived from and is dependent on light  Light is a very narrow portion of the electromagnetic radiation spectrum that is visible to the human eye  Ergo, if the light is dim, you cannot perceive do the color very well  White light is actually the combination of all wavelengths of light Seeing Color  We see color in either a reflected form or from a light emitting source  Reflected colors are those colors we perceive as inherent to an object o The pigment in an object will reflect its own color and absorb all others o This is why we can’t explain what color is to a blind person who has never seen a color before  Colored light is light comprised of only specific wavelengths of light Color Terminology  Hue – the quality that differentiates one color from another. The name of the color (red, blue, green, etc)  Saturation – the amount or purity of a particular hue in a color mixture  Value – relative lightness or darkness of a hue  Tint – a hue with a high value. Usually achieved by mixing a hue with white pigment or white light  Shade – a hue with a low value. Usually achieved by mixing a hue with one or more hues and/or black  Tone – mixture of a hue with black and white. Can be achieved by adding a complementary hue Saturation Hue Color Mixing  Primary colors – hues that correspond more or less to the cones in our eyes. Combining all three primaries create black in pigment and white in light o Pigment: red, blue, yellow o Light: red, blue, green  Secondary colors – hues that are the result of mixing two primary colors together. o Pigment: purple, green, and orange o Light: yellow, magenta, and cyan  Complementary colors – colors that are opposite each other on a color wheel. o Pigment: when combined create black o Light: when combined create white light o *Incorrect that you cannot combine secondary colors  More theory than practically based due to purities and impurities Light Color Wheel Pigment Color Wheel Warm and Cool Wheel Color in Pigment  Seeing color in paint is primarily a subtractive process  Pigments and dyes of specific hues reflect the wavelengths of light that correspond to that hue and absorb all others Color in Light  Emitted color consists only of the wavelengths of light corresponding to a certain color o A red LED emits only light with the wavelength which corresponds with red  Filtered Light o As white light passes through a filtering medium (glass, plastic, even air), a certain portion of the spectrum is absorbed o The filter material absorbs certain wavelengths of the light and let’s others pass through.  The absorbed wavelengths of light is transformed into heat. Color Mixing in Light  Subtractive Mixing o Placing colored filters in front of light filters out all hues except for the hue of the filter o Placing more than one filter in front of one source  Additive Mixing o When several hues are transmitted to the eye, added together and interpreted by the brain Application in Theatre  Pigments used in paints and dyes for use on scenery, costumes, and props o Paint chips and fabric swatches  Colored filters such as glass, and plastic placed in front of light to change the color o Plastic filters are referred to as gel  Color is a very powerful tool of the scenic, lighting, and costume designers o Use of colors together in overall schemes and accents Meaning of Colors  Each person interprets color differently. Their background, age, personality, mood all shape their experience. Color Schemes  Monochromatic – variations in lightness and saturation of a single color. Simple, elegant  Analogous – colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. One hue is dominant while the second is used to enrich the scheme.  Complementary – two colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. Intrinsically high-contrast  Split Complementary – a color and the two colors adjacent to its complementary. High contrast without the strong tension of the complementary scheme.  Triadic – three colors equally spaced around the color wheel. Offers strong visual contrast while training harmony and color richness  Tetradic – uses two complementary color pairs. The scheme is hard to harmonize if all four hues are used in equal amounts


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