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Sociology 204

by: Rachel Justice

Sociology 204 SOC 204-002

Rachel Justice
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

Socialization. Development of society: microsociology vs macrosociology
Introduction to Sociology
Sally K. Gallagher
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Justice on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 204-002 at Oregon State University taught by Sally K. Gallagher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Oregon State University.


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Date Created: 09/22/16
Introduction to Sociology 204 • Sociology is… ~ A systematic study of human social life, groups, and societies - has a range of topics * Microsociology: sociological study of small groups and social units within a larger social system; brief exchanges between people showing connection (ex. saying “hi” in a largely populated area vs saying it in a smaller populated area. More people=less “hellos” back) * Macrosociology: sociological study of large-scale social systems and long term patterns and processes; global and historic process and change (ex. slavery) *WHAT SEEMS PERSONAL IS REALLY SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED* -ex. picking clothes: styles often match but very few people wear the exact same outfit Sociological Imagination • ~ The “promise” of sociology is the ability to link biography with history ~ To cultivate a sociological imagination - connecting personal choices or troubles to social and economic trends ~ To describe or explain the social construction of reality • Sociologists work in… ~ Social services (If achieved a B.A. or B.S or higher) - Youth Family Services - Law enforcement/corrections - Community Action/Advocacy ~ Policy and Administration - city/county/state/federal levels - non-government or organization - personnel; career placement; management ~ Research/ Data analysis ~ Use it as a basis for: law, health, gerontology, religious organizations *SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION LINKS BIOGRAPHY AND HISTORY TO SHAPE PERSONS* ————————————————————————————————————————— • Development of Sociology (17th & 18th century ideas) ~ Beginnings - 17th century- reasoning - Renaissance: man is measure of all things (human is the yardstick in which we understand reality) - Enlightenment: personhood=rational individualism (smart, thinking, reasoning, reflecting, animals) [Sociology comes from ideas: individualism] - 18th century- material transformations *industrialization *urbanization *individualism *science (as method or a measurement to understand the world) • New science of sociology combined… ~ humanism: rational study of human society ~ empericism: methods of natural sciences • Subject matter ~ things that can be observed or which have observable consequences (ex. religion: interactions, traits, beliefs)


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