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by: Jacie Heard

TheBibleNotes.pdf BIB101-9

Marketplace > Bethel University > Bible > BIB101-9 > TheBibleNotes pdf
Jacie Heard
Bethel University

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About this Document

Context of the Old and New Testaments and the Bible itself. Our professor has told us this will all be included on the exam.
Introduction to the Bible
Juan Hernandez
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacie Heard on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIB101-9 at Bethel University taught by Juan Hernandez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Introduction to the Bible in Bible at Bethel University.

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Date Created: 09/22/16
The Bible (The book of books) (Lecture 1 [8/31/16])  Multiple languages o Written in multiple languages, in varying degrees of competency and style  EX: Mark writes Greek with a lot of and’s which is a Hebrew style, while Luke and Matthew improve the style of Mark  Old Testament (OT) is in Hebrew (they read right to left without vowels)  Aramaic portions (Daniel, Ezra—Nehemiah) o Daniel randomly switches o Ezra—Nehemiah Aramaic speaker  New Testament (NT)—The Septuagint (LXX) -- is in Greek (Jesus speaks in Hebrew and Aramaic, but it is translated too Greek) o Its audience doesn’t understand Hebrew nor Aramaic o Reading—the Bible—in translation:  Unity and coherence to the “book” veils a great deal of diversity at numerous levels  Interpretation has already taken place before you pick it up  *** Paul’s letters were written before the gospels were written (he died before they were written)  Multiple Old Testament Books o Some bear the author’s name  Psalms: David, Moses…  Proverbs: Solomon…  Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel (prophets that wrote their books) o Some allude vaguely to the author (Ecclesiastes) o Some are anonymous st  Pentateuch (Torah= 1 5 books of the Bible)  Historical books (Joshua to Ezra—Nehemiah Esther)  Job o Questions about author(s)/editor(s) are debated  Multiple New Testament books o Some books bare the author’s name  Paul’s epistle’s  Catholic epistle’s: 1-2 Peter, James, 1-3 John, Jude  Questionable (they may not really be the authors)  The Apocalypse (Revelation= by John)  Which John? —not Baptist, but which  Anonymous  4 Gospels (author not identified, the titles were given later)  Church tradition supplied names for each  Mark and Luke are not apostles, but Matthew and John were st o Mark was an interpreter for Peter (Peter is the 1 and last in the Gospel)  Hebrews (thought to be written by Paul) o The authorship of select writing is debated  Thousands of Years (2,000 B.C.E.—100 C.E.) [B.C.E. = Before the Common Era] o Pentateuch: early beginning to Moses death o Judges: Joshua’s death to the monarchy  To David monarchy o 1-2 Samuel: Samuel through David’s reign o 1-2 Kings: Solomon to the Babylon captivity (586 B.C.E.) o 1-2 Chronicles: beginning to Cyrus’s decree (539 B.C.E.)  When the Persians conquer Babylon o Pre-Exilic Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Amos…)  Exile period = 586 B.C.E. (Pre-exilic)—539 B.C.E. (Post exilic) o Post Exilic Prophets (Haggai, Zechariah…)  Temple = Pre-exilic, post-exilic = no temple st o NT is 1 century (only 30 yrs)  Written at the end of the century after the death of Jesus (70- 100)  Diverse Geographical Locations o OT  Land of Israel  Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, and Persia o NT  Palestine: Galilee, Samaria, Judea (Jerusalem, Bethlehem)  Asia Minor (modern day Turkey)  Europe: Roman, Corinth, Thessalonica, Philippi  Different world powers over Israel o Assyrian Empire: 9 —7 cent. B.C.E. th th o Babylonian Empire: 7 —6 cent. B.C.E. o Persian Empire: 6 —4 cent. B.C.E. o Greek Empire:  Ptolemaic/Seleucid control: 4 —2h ndcent. B.C.E. st st o Roman Domain: 1 cent B.C.E.—1 cent. C.E.  Diverse Genres o OT (None are pure)  Historical Narratives  Prophecy (telling the future)  Poetical Books th th o Limits of OT differed from 4 to 6 centuries o Council of Trent (1546) formally recognized “Apocrypha” as part of the Roman Catholic Canon  Deutero—canonical (2 ndcanon) o Protestant churches rejected the Aprocrypha


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