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Firearms Revolution and SLavery

by: meghan Hamilton

Firearms Revolution and SLavery HST 198

Marketplace > Miami University > History > HST 198 > Firearms Revolution and SLavery
meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Cover the firearms revolution, as well as, the connection between sugar plantations and slavery
World History since 1500
Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler
Class Notes
firearms, slavery, sugar
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 198 at Miami University taught by Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World History since 1500 in History at Miami University.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
Firearms Revolution Continued ● Get there first with the most ○ Ottoman Turks: descended from horse nomads. Equipped  with a composite bo. Able to fight on horseback and fire off arrows in all  directions ■ Their nomadic traditions threatened to conquer the Europeans, had to face the decision to get more advanced  technology or to use that money for other resources ○ “Horse­nomads” + small states ■ Lacked financial resources ■ Lacked technological base to create new  weapons ■ Could not keep up with Russia, China, etc… ■ As a result of the coming of the gunpowder  weapons, this society disappeared ● Why is there no European “gunpowder empire?” ○ Geography, climate, metals, history ■ Most of Europe was rugged and mountainous,  made it hard to create political unification ○ Scorpions stand­off ○ Innovation + Competition ■ Permanent arms race ■ Do everything they possibly can to gain an  edge on their rivals ○ New weapons and tactics ■ People begin trying to build smaller, more  mobile weapons(unlike their huge cannons you could barely move) ■ Made it easier for weapons to travel cross  country and keep up with field army ■ Age of mathematicians and engineers has  begun ■ Fortresses began to develop from holes dug  out from the ground to the star fortress with water barriers and the  fortress is protected from every angle ○ Not much importance put on muskets, but on cannons ■ It was quite a while before people figured out to use a matchbox musket effectively ■ Needed 6 rotating musketeers to replicate  continuous hail of fire, this was a drill practiced by the roman  army(first rank would launch their weapon, next rank would step  forward and launch their weapons, new people were taking shots  every few seconds) ○ Drill + Rigid Discipline ■ Matchbox musket was a clumsy weapon and  took a while to reload it ■ Needed a lot of training to use this weapon  effectively ■ Soldiers needed to be able to load it quickly ■ From this point on the process of rigid drilling  continues on into today’s army ■ Governments came up with manuals to teach  the use of the musket to those in the army(32 separate moves in  loading, aiming and firing the weapon) ■ Troops needed to fear their own officers more  than they fear the enemy ■ The troops need to carry out the process of  loading the musket almost unconsciously ■ European armies had an edge over non­ European armies that have not yet adopted these tactics and  training Sugar and Slavery ● Sugar Cane ○ First consumable crop that individuals were willing to pay  cash for ○ Domesticated in New Guinea ■ Over a period of several thousand years it  makes its’ way across to the Americas ○ The 1st tropical “Boom” ■ Followed by coffee, timber, etc… ● Slavery and the Atlantic Slave­Trade ○ The scale of the slave trade: MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ○ Roughly ⅔ of slaves were sent to sugar plantations, many  going to West Indies and Brazil ○ Only a small amount end up going to the U.S. ○ The horror: “The Middle Passage” ■ The trip from Africa to the West Indies ■ Europeans waited for the slaves to be brought  to them, didn’t want to risk the danger or diseases in the forests ■ Strict control over the slaves. Hands and neck  bound ■ Some people did escape, very difficult ■ The ocean voyage, slaves were packed in the  ship like sausages, they wanted to maximize profit by packing the  ship to its absolute capacity ■ 227 men crowded into a 37 by 22 foot room ■ 120 female slaves were crowded into a 14 by  19 foot room ■ ALL WITH LESS THAN 5 FEET OF HEAD  ROOM ■ If the crew had the chance, the crew might  have hosed down the room every few days(the smell was horrible,  and diseases where shared) ○ Once the slaves arrived, they were held in pens for a few  weeks. This gave them time to “recover” and regain their strength, so the  Europeans could sell them and the slave would continue on to their place  of forced labor ○ The only way to keep the slave population up was to keep  sending slaves from Africa, the slave population didn’t repopulate itself ■ Deaths exceeded births ■ And if women did get pregnant many aborted  the baby so it would not have to live in the horrid conditions ■ It was cheaper to work a slave to death in  horrible conditions, than it did to give them a better life ● The West­ SUpreme at sea ○ Spain and the Americas ■ First country to figure out the best way to get  goods back and forth across the ocean ● Convoys travelled in groups ● Over the years the Spanish only  lost 4 fleets, they were taken by the Dutch or the English ■ The Manila Galleons ● Carried gold and silver


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