Firearms Revolution and SLavery
Firearms Revolution and SLavery HST 198
Popular in World History since 1500
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 198 at Miami University taught by Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see World History since 1500 in History at Miami University.
Reviews for Firearms Revolution and SLavery
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/23/16
Firearms Revolution Continued ● Get there first with the most ○ Ottoman Turks: descended from horse nomads. Equipped with a composite bo. Able to fight on horseback and fire off arrows in all directions ■ Their nomadic traditions threatened to conquer the Europeans, had to face the decision to get more advanced technology or to use that money for other resources ○ “Horsenomads” + small states ■ Lacked financial resources ■ Lacked technological base to create new weapons ■ Could not keep up with Russia, China, etc… ■ As a result of the coming of the gunpowder weapons, this society disappeared ● Why is there no European “gunpowder empire?” ○ Geography, climate, metals, history ■ Most of Europe was rugged and mountainous, made it hard to create political unification ○ Scorpions standoff ○ Innovation + Competition ■ Permanent arms race ■ Do everything they possibly can to gain an edge on their rivals ○ New weapons and tactics ■ People begin trying to build smaller, more mobile weapons(unlike their huge cannons you could barely move) ■ Made it easier for weapons to travel cross country and keep up with field army ■ Age of mathematicians and engineers has begun ■ Fortresses began to develop from holes dug out from the ground to the star fortress with water barriers and the fortress is protected from every angle ○ Not much importance put on muskets, but on cannons ■ It was quite a while before people figured out to use a matchbox musket effectively ■ Needed 6 rotating musketeers to replicate continuous hail of fire, this was a drill practiced by the roman army(first rank would launch their weapon, next rank would step forward and launch their weapons, new people were taking shots every few seconds) ○ Drill + Rigid Discipline ■ Matchbox musket was a clumsy weapon and took a while to reload it ■ Needed a lot of training to use this weapon effectively ■ Soldiers needed to be able to load it quickly ■ From this point on the process of rigid drilling continues on into today’s army ■ Governments came up with manuals to teach the use of the musket to those in the army(32 separate moves in loading, aiming and firing the weapon) ■ Troops needed to fear their own officers more than they fear the enemy ■ The troops need to carry out the process of loading the musket almost unconsciously ■ European armies had an edge over non European armies that have not yet adopted these tactics and training Sugar and Slavery ● Sugar Cane ○ First consumable crop that individuals were willing to pay cash for ○ Domesticated in New Guinea ■ Over a period of several thousand years it makes its’ way across to the Americas ○ The 1st tropical “Boom” ■ Followed by coffee, timber, etc… ● Slavery and the Atlantic SlaveTrade ○ The scale of the slave trade: MILLIONS OF PEOPLE ○ Roughly ⅔ of slaves were sent to sugar plantations, many going to West Indies and Brazil ○ Only a small amount end up going to the U.S. ○ The horror: “The Middle Passage” ■ The trip from Africa to the West Indies ■ Europeans waited for the slaves to be brought to them, didn’t want to risk the danger or diseases in the forests ■ Strict control over the slaves. Hands and neck bound ■ Some people did escape, very difficult ■ The ocean voyage, slaves were packed in the ship like sausages, they wanted to maximize profit by packing the ship to its absolute capacity ■ 227 men crowded into a 37 by 22 foot room ■ 120 female slaves were crowded into a 14 by 19 foot room ■ ALL WITH LESS THAN 5 FEET OF HEAD ROOM ■ If the crew had the chance, the crew might have hosed down the room every few days(the smell was horrible, and diseases where shared) ○ Once the slaves arrived, they were held in pens for a few weeks. This gave them time to “recover” and regain their strength, so the Europeans could sell them and the slave would continue on to their place of forced labor ○ The only way to keep the slave population up was to keep sending slaves from Africa, the slave population didn’t repopulate itself ■ Deaths exceeded births ■ And if women did get pregnant many aborted the baby so it would not have to live in the horrid conditions ■ It was cheaper to work a slave to death in horrible conditions, than it did to give them a better life ● The West SUpreme at sea ○ Spain and the Americas ■ First country to figure out the best way to get goods back and forth across the ocean ● Convoys travelled in groups ● Over the years the Spanish only lost 4 fleets, they were taken by the Dutch or the English ■ The Manila Galleons ● Carried gold and silver
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'