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Lecture 7 - Chapter 3: Sex and Communication

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 7 - Chapter 3: Sex and Communication HLWL 1109

Marketplace > George Washington University > Health and Wellness > HLWL 1109 > Lecture 7 Chapter 3 Sex and Communication
Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

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About this Document

We dive into the conversation of sex and how important it is to communicate, the outcomes when there is a lack of communication, and benefits that come from it.
Human Sexuality
Philip W. Lucas
Class Notes
sex, communication, Human, sexuality, onion, Theory, Relationship, Problems, families, goal, verbal, Nonverbal, body, Language, differences, genderlects, rapport, report, Gender, research, image
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLWL 1109 at George Washington University taught by Philip W. Lucas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Health and Wellness at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
Leslie Ogu HLWL 1109  09/15/2016 ­ ​Chapter 3: Sex and Communication    NO CLASS THURSDAY (09/20/2016)    Chapter 4 Outline is due Saturday    Class Discussion on Chapter 3  ● The Importance of Communication    The Importance of Communication  ● The ​“onion” t ​ heory of communication  ○ Cultivates emotional intimacy, understanding, and love  ● Good communication increases the probability the relationship will last  ● Relationship problems often due to:  ○ Poor communication  ○ Unwillingness to acknowledge a problem or issue  ● People want to communicate to:  ○ Convey understanding  ○ Maintain the image they have in the eyes of the other person    Learning to Communicate  ● The goals of communication  ○ Get the job done: send the message  ○ Relational goal: maintain a relationship  ○ Identity management goal: portray our self­image  ● Families and communication  ○ Strategies often learned from families: negotiation, conflict avoidance,  arguing, and interpersonal skills  ○ Helps children develop social and emotional understanding of the world  ○ Sometimes, we have situations where someone may not receive the  affection and love in their family growing up, and that can affect them in  relationships moving forward    Types of Communication ­ Nonverbal  ● Comprises the bulk of our communication  ● Improved ability to interpret with age  ● Is expressed in various cultural forms  ● Demonstrate gender differences  Types of Communication ­ Computer­Mediated Communication  ● Reduces inhibitions  ● Increased misunderstanding in the absence of nonverbal cues  ● Can become compulsive    Communication Differences and Similarities  ● Communication and gender  ○ Conversations with the opposite sex are typically harder than with same  sex groups  ● Genderlects:​ fundamental differences in how men and women communicate  ○ Women tend to exhibit ​rapport​ talk and men tend to exhibit ​report​ talk  ● Theories about gender differences  ○ Biological, Psychological, and Social Roles Theories try to explain sources  of differences    Modes of Communication in Childhood  ● Learn from:  ○ Parents  ○ Friends  ○ Siblings  ○ Relatives  ○ Teachers    Communication Differences and Similarities ­ Gender­Based Research  ● Brizendine claimed women have higher speech quantity due to hormones during  fetal development; not supported by other research  ● Tannen’s critics claim approach is unidimensional, basing gender only on  biological sex  ● Many studies have found overall differences in many areas of communication are  small    Communication and Culture  ● Individualistic versus collective cultures  ○ Men and women from the U.S. disclose more personal information in their  communication than men and women from some Asian cultures  ● “Low­context” cultures v. “High­context” cultures    Communication and Sexual Orientation  ● Most communication research deals with heterosexuals  ● Few communication differences have been found in gay, lesbian, and  heterosexual intimate relationships  ● As in heterosexual couples, differences reflect power in the relationship more  than the biological sex of the communicator    Sexual Communication ­ Body Image  ● Couples who communicate about sexual issues report more relationship  satisfaction  ● Positive self­images and feeling good versus fears about body image and  attractiveness  ○ Body image affects how attractive we feel  ■ Talking to your partner may help address issues  ○ The media creates the “ideal body”  ○ Self­acceptance, autonomy, self­efficacy, and resilience aid in maintaining  good sexual relationships    Watched video and stopped here on slides 


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