Lecture 7 - Chapter 3: Sex and Communication
Lecture 7 - Chapter 3: Sex and Communication HLWL 1109
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLWL 1109 at George Washington University taught by Philip W. Lucas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Health and Wellness at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Leslie Ogu HLWL 1109 09/15/2016 Chapter 3: Sex and Communication NO CLASS THURSDAY (09/20/2016) Chapter 4 Outline is due Saturday Class Discussion on Chapter 3 ● The Importance of Communication The Importance of Communication ● The “onion” t heory of communication ○ Cultivates emotional intimacy, understanding, and love ● Good communication increases the probability the relationship will last ● Relationship problems often due to: ○ Poor communication ○ Unwillingness to acknowledge a problem or issue ● People want to communicate to: ○ Convey understanding ○ Maintain the image they have in the eyes of the other person Learning to Communicate ● The goals of communication ○ Get the job done: send the message ○ Relational goal: maintain a relationship ○ Identity management goal: portray our selfimage ● Families and communication ○ Strategies often learned from families: negotiation, conflict avoidance, arguing, and interpersonal skills ○ Helps children develop social and emotional understanding of the world ○ Sometimes, we have situations where someone may not receive the affection and love in their family growing up, and that can affect them in relationships moving forward Types of Communication Nonverbal ● Comprises the bulk of our communication ● Improved ability to interpret with age ● Is expressed in various cultural forms ● Demonstrate gender differences Types of Communication ComputerMediated Communication ● Reduces inhibitions ● Increased misunderstanding in the absence of nonverbal cues ● Can become compulsive Communication Differences and Similarities ● Communication and gender ○ Conversations with the opposite sex are typically harder than with same sex groups ● Genderlects: fundamental differences in how men and women communicate ○ Women tend to exhibit rapport talk and men tend to exhibit report talk ● Theories about gender differences ○ Biological, Psychological, and Social Roles Theories try to explain sources of differences Modes of Communication in Childhood ● Learn from: ○ Parents ○ Friends ○ Siblings ○ Relatives ○ Teachers Communication Differences and Similarities GenderBased Research ● Brizendine claimed women have higher speech quantity due to hormones during fetal development; not supported by other research ● Tannen’s critics claim approach is unidimensional, basing gender only on biological sex ● Many studies have found overall differences in many areas of communication are small Communication and Culture ● Individualistic versus collective cultures ○ Men and women from the U.S. disclose more personal information in their communication than men and women from some Asian cultures ● “Lowcontext” cultures v. “Highcontext” cultures Communication and Sexual Orientation ● Most communication research deals with heterosexuals ● Few communication differences have been found in gay, lesbian, and heterosexual intimate relationships ● As in heterosexual couples, differences reflect power in the relationship more than the biological sex of the communicator Sexual Communication Body Image ● Couples who communicate about sexual issues report more relationship satisfaction ● Positive selfimages and feeling good versus fears about body image and attractiveness ○ Body image affects how attractive we feel ■ Talking to your partner may help address issues ○ The media creates the “ideal body” ○ Selfacceptance, autonomy, selfefficacy, and resilience aid in maintaining good sexual relationships Watched video and stopped here on slides
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