New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Lecture 7 - Perception

by: Leslie Ogu

Lecture 7 - Perception COMM 1041

Leslie Ogu
GPA 3.01

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

In this lecture, we look at perception and the stages we go through to interpret the things around us.
Interpersonal Communication
Dona Louise Coultice-Christian
Class Notes
stimulation, organization, interpretation-evaluation, memory, recall, Interpersonal, communication, selective, attention, exposure, self-fulfilling, prophecy, thoery, primacy, recency, effect, consistency, halo, horns, overattribution, self-serving, bias, Fundamental, attribution, liked, secure, follow
25 ?




Popular in Interpersonal Communication

Popular in Communication

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Ogu on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1041 at George Washington University taught by Dona Louise Coultice-Christian in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Communication at George Washington University.


Reviews for Lecture 7 - Perception


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/23/16
Leslie Ogu COMM 1041  09/20/2016 ­ ​Perception    Homework  ➢ Read Chapter 6 (note ­ out of order)  ➢ Thursday;s students ­ Brent & Izzy  ➢ Diversity Comm Paper (DUE TONIGHT if you’re doing it)    Perception Test  Study this coding system  You CANNOT write ANYTHING down ­ simply learn it  You have 30 seconds    5 Stages of Perception  ➢ Stimulation  ➢ Organization  ➢ Interpretation­evaluation  ➢ Memory  ➢ Recall    Stimulation  ➢ Selective attention  ○ Certain things stick out to us above others  ➢ Selective exposure  ○ Exposing yourself with that which you agree with    Organization  ➢ By rules  ○ Proximity:​ things physically close to each other and believing them to be  a group, or related  ○ Similarity: ​ sense things belong together because they look the same or  have some similar attributes  ○ Contrast:​ when things are different, they do not belong together  ➢ By ​schemata: ​mental templates are used to understand everything we are  exposed to  ○ Stereotypes  ■ ** We all have them **  ○ Scripts:​ method of organizing information in which things happen in a  certain way and/or order  ■ Ex: having a set morning routine to prepare for class    Interpretation­evaluation  ➢ We interpret something around and evaluate what it means when it violates or  doesn’t violate our preconceived notions  Memory  ➢ Def:  ​ storing of different experiences    Recall  ➢ Def:​ reconstruction of a memory at a later time    Impression Formation  ➢ Ethnocentricity  ➢ What we go through to make impressions of others  ➢ Self­fulfilling prophecy:​ when we have an impression of another person and  treat that person in a manner that confirms our belief  ➢ (Implicit) Personality Theory:​ theory that certain traits go together  ○ Ex: ​Halo effect:​ when we encounter a person that has positive qualities,  we attribute additional positive qualities to them (such as intelligence  being attributed to attractive people)  ○ Ex:​ Horns effect:​ opposite of halo effect; attributing additional negative  qualities to those with negative qualities  ➢ Primacy / Recency Effect:​ we remember things at the beginning and end of it,  but not so much the middle of the event  ➢ Consistency:​ acting in a manner over time without much change  ➢ Attribution of control:​ determining whether a person’s actions are due to  internal or external reasons   ○ Self­serving bias:​ attributing good things to internal reasons such as you  being a smart person, and bad things to external reasons such as having  an off­day  ○ Overattribution:​ singling out the obvious characteristics and attributing all  other characteristics to that  ■ Ex: GW students being believed to be smarter than other students  because they come from wealth  ○ Fundamental attribution error:​ tendency for people to place an undue  emphasis on internal characteristics of others for their actions, rather than  external reasons      Improving Our Impression Formation  ➢ Analyze impressions and check perceptions  ➢ Reduce uncertainty and increase cultural sensitivity    Impression Management  ➢ Def:​ the processes you go through in order to project your desired image  ➢ To be liked ­ ​affinity seeking strategies:​ finding ways that we are similar to  others  ➢ To be liked ­ ​politeness strategies  ➢ To be believed  ○ Using skills, or attributes to make others more likely to listen and believe  what you’re saying  ➢ To excuse failure  ○ Attributing our failures to excuses to explain why we performed poorly  ➢ To secure help  ○ Methods implemented to receive assistance  ➢ To hide faults  ○ Self­monitoring strategies to try and hide mistakes  ➢ To be followed  ➢ To confirm our self­image    “Other” Orientation  ➢ Show consideration and respect  ➢ Acknowledge other’s feelings  ➢ Acknowledge other’s presence  ➢ Focus message on other  ➢ Let others express    Just World Hypothesis  ➢ You get what you deserve 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.