Chapter 5 Notes
Chapter 5 Notes CJ 270
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michela Spicer on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 270 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Patrick Halliday in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Corrections in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Chapter 5: Intermediate Sanctions Objectives 1. Define intermediate sanctions and describe their purpose Intermediate sanctions is the term given to the range of new sentencing options developed to fill the gap between traditional probation and traditional jail or prison sentences, better match the severity of punishment to the seriousness of the crime, reduce institutional crowding, and control correctional costs. Punishments typically identified as intermediate sanctions include intensive supervision probation, drug courts, fines, community service, day reporting centers, remote-location monitoring, residential reentry centers, and boot camps. 2. Describe how intensive supervision probation works Intensive supervision probation is a control of offenders in the community through strict enforcement of conditions and frequent reporting to a probation officer with a reduced caseload. ISP programs exist in all 50 states. They may be state or county programs and may be administered by parole, probation, or prison departments. 3. Explain what drug courts are Drug courts are special courts that are given responsibility to handle cases involving drug-addicted offenders. 4. Explain how day fines differ from traditional fines A day fine is a financial punishment scaled to the seriousness of the offense and the offender’s ability to pay. A traditional fine is based on a fixed amount, without regard to the offender’s ability to pay. 5. Describe what a sentence to community service entails Community service is a sentence to serve a specified number of hours working in unpaid positions with non- profit or tax-supported agencies. Research suggests that, for offenders who do not present unacceptable risks of future violent crimes, community service costs much less than prison, has comparable recidivism rates, and presents negligible risks of violence by those who would otherwise be confined. 6. Explain what day reporting centers are A day reporting center is a community correctional center to which an offender reports each day to file a daily schedule with a supervision officer, showing how each hour will be spent. DRCs aim to provide strict surveillance over offenders and, depending on their resources, provide treatment services, refer offenders to community social service agencies, or arrange to have community agencies offer services on site. 7. Describe how remote-location monitoring works Remote-location monitoring refers to technologies that probation and parole officers use to monitor remotely the physical location of an offender. For example, home-based electronic monitoring is often used by officers to monitor remotely offenders who are restricted to their homes. 8. Explain what residential reentry centers are Residential reentry centers are medium-security correctional settings that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly-unaccompanied by staff- for work, educational or vocational programs, or treatment in the community but require them to return to a locked facility each evening. 9. Identify the major features of boot camps Boot camp is a short institutional term, usually followed by probation, that includes a physical regimen designed to develop self-discipline, respect for authority, responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment. 10. Define community corrections Community corrections is a philosophy of correctional treatment that embraces decentralization of authority from state to local levels; citizen participation in program planning, design, implementation, and evaluation; redefinition of the population of offenders for whom incarceration is most appropriate; and emphasis on rehabilitation through community programs. 11. Explain what community corrections acts are Community corrections acts are state laws that give economic grants to local communities to establish community corrections goals and policies and to develop and operate community corrections programs. CCAs decentralize services and engage communities in the process of reintegrating offenders by transferring correctional responsibility from the state to the community and by providing financial incentives for communities to manage more of their own correctional cases. Key Terms Intermediate sanctions: new punishment options developed to fill the gap between traditional probation and traditional jail or prison sentences and to better match the severity of punishment to the seriousness of the crime Intense supervision probation (ISP): control of offenders in the community under strict conditions by means of frequent reporting to a probation officer whose case-load is generally limited to 30 offenders Drug court: a special court that is given responsibility to treat, sanction, and reward drug offenders with punishment more restrictive than regular probation but less severe than incarceration Fine: a financial penalty used as a criminal sanction Day fine: a financial penalty scaled both to the defendant’s ability to pay and the seriousness of the crime Community service: a sentence to serve a specified number of hours working in unpaid positions with non-profit or tax- supported agencies Day reporting center (DRC): a community correctional center to which an offender reports every day or several days a week for supervision and treatment Remote-location monitoring: technologies, including Global Positioning System (GPS) devices and electronic monitoring (EM), that probation and parole officers use to monitor remotely the physical location of an offender Residential reentry center (RRC): a medium-security correctional setting that resident offenders are permitted to leave regularly- unaccompanied by staff- for work, education or vocational programs, or treatment in the community but require them to return to a locked facility each evening Boot camp: a short institutional term of confinement that includes a physical regimen designed to develop self-discipline, respect for authority, responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment Community corrections: a philosophy of correctional treatment that embraces 1. Decentralization of authority, 2. Citizen participation, 3. Redefinition of the population of offenders for whom incarceration is most appropriate, and 4. Emphasis on rehabilitation through community programs Community corrections acts (CCAs): state laws that give economic grants to local communities to establish community corrections goals and policies and to develop and operate community corrections programs
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