ARHI 2300 notes week 6
ARHI 2300 notes week 6 ARHI 2300
Popular in Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
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Popular in Art
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Huff on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2300 at University of Georgia taught by Neely, Elizabeth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo in Art at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ARHI 2300- Cave Painting to Michelangelo Lecture Notes Week 6 9/19/16 India 1. Long history of ruling dynasties and religions 2. Buddhism a. Complex religion, multiple versions b. Founded by Budda (title meaning enlightened one) Prince Siddharta Gautama c. Only religion where founder considers himself to be an ordinary human d. The Great Stupa at Sanch e. Humanity holds the power to be its own master f. Budda offers freedom to followers to escape cycle g. One day he discovers a dying man, and sickly man, and a sedic and he realizes that life is suffering h. There are four knowable truths i. Life is suffering and suffering is rebirth ii. The cause of suffering is desire iii. The cause of desire must be overcome iv. When desire is overcome there is no more suffering 3. Maurya Dynasty a. Ashoka ruled over most of India and is first ruler to embrace Buddhism b. Great Stupa of Sanchi- dedicated to Budda i. Stupa- large, mound-shaped, Buddhist shrine ii. Mound is representative of Budda iii. Similar mounds can be found in Greece and Neolithic iv. Circaumabulation- In Buddhist worship, walking around the stupa in a clockwise direction v. Gateways (toranas) are 50 feet high and they protect the stupa from the outside world vi. jatakas- tales of the past lives of the Budda vii. Aniconic images- non human forms used to tell a story 1. Continuous native viii. Yakshi- female tree spirits, tamed by presence of Budda 1. Exaggerated features indicate fertility 9/21/16 Rome 1. Roman Empire a. Empire encompassed the entirety of the Mediterranean Sea b. So far-reaching with many different cultures, that there were many influences i. They picked what they wanted from many different cultures ii. EX: deities taken from Greek and Egyptian religions c. Originally ruled by the Etruscans d. Dictator elected in times of crisis 2. Republican period Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People a. Romans felt culturally inferior to Greece i. Myth of Romulus and Remus created to add depth to culture ii. Lupa (she-wolf)- sculpture cast with lost wax technique 3. Regal period a. Ancestral portraits very common b. Man with portrait busts of ancestors c. Portrait head of a man- Rather than the Greek’s idealized depiction, it is very natural d. Veristic- true to natural appearance; superrealistic “warts and all” e. Used to exaggerate how intelligent and hardworking patrons were f. People commissioned copies of Greek sculptures in slightly different or humorous ways g. Portrait of a Roman General- sculpture with veristic head but idealized body i. Shows wisdom in face, and strong capability in body ii. Juxtaposes Greek and Roman styles h. Julius Caesar i. Decides to maintain position of dictator permanently ii. This angered the senate so they assassinated him iii. This throws Rome into civil war with Octavian vs Mark Antony 1. Octavian wins at the Battle of Actium 2. He later receives title of Augustus “the exulted one”, beginning next time period 4. Augustian/Imperial Age a. Portrait statue of emperor Augustus as a general “Augustus Primatora” i. Commissioned by his wife, Liva to be placed in her villa ii. Placed in every town iii. Same bust but on different bodies iv. Statues are idealized, but identifiable by certain facial characteristics v. Cuirass- military leather breastplate vi. Statue depicts him as an orator vii. Low reliefs represent military victories viii. Becomes canon for Romans ix. Shows diplomatic ability, military prowess, and divine ancestry b. Aeneas Fleeing Troy- Painting tells story of Aeneas leaving Troy and founding Rome 9/23/16 Rome 1. Herculaneum- extremely affected by volcanic eruption at Pompeii a. Sophisticated society with complex palette i. We know this because it was so well preserved b. Items found next to the bodies of people attempting to escape, including: i. Bread, figs, money, jewelry, wood ii. Bodies were vaporized upon eruption iii. Others were encased in ash iv. Volcano is still active and could erupt again Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People c. Architecture i. City was extremely well-preserved because it was buried in ash ii. Wall enclosed the city iii. Cemetery was preserved iv. There was a huge amphitheater, brothels, and theatres used for recreation v. Villas had gardens with fountains and Greek sculptures vi. Scrolls found at Library with papyrus scrolls from House of the Papyri ant Herculaneum vii. Villas has simple walls that were decorated with paint viii. Wall paintings (of so-called “second Style”)- painting done in perspective ix. Villas painted with murals of even nicer villas 1. This was because they could not always afford expensive marble replicas