Tens Steps To College Reading Success Chapters 1 and 2
Tens Steps To College Reading Success Chapters 1 and 2 Rea0017
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Notetaker on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rea0017 at St Petersburg College taught by Professor March in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Developmental Reading II in Reading at St Petersburg College.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Amanda Graley Ms. March REA0007 27 August 2016 Chapter Notes – Chapter 1 – Vocabulary in Context Context – the words surrounding the unfamiliar word – provides clues to the word’s meaning. (p. 17) Types of Context Clues (p.18) Four types of context clues: 1. Examples 2. Synonyms 3. Antonyms 4. General Sense of Sentence or Passage Examples - If given an example that relates to an unknown word, you can often figure out its meaning. (p. 18) Synonyms – One or more words that mean the same or almost the same as the unknown words. (p. 22) Antonyms – A word or phrase that means the opposite of another word. (p. 24) General Sense of the Sentence or Passage Often, the context of a new word contains no examples, synonyms, or antonyms. In such cases, you must do a bit of detective work; you’ll need to look at any clues provided in the information surrounding the word. Asking yourself questions about the passage may help you make a fairly accurate guess about the meaning of the unknown word. (p. 27) An Important Point about Textbook Definitions (p.30) Textbook authors, then, often do more than provide context clues: they set off their definitions in italic or boldface type. When they take the time to define and illustrate a word, you should assume that the material is important enough to learn. (p. 30) Amanda Graley Ms. March Rea0007 27 August 2016 Chapter Notes- Chapter 2- Main Idea Main Idea- or point, is the most important key to good comprehension. (pg. 55) Sometimes a main idea is immediately clear. (pg. 55) A good way to find an author’s point, or main idea is to look for a general statement. (pg. 56) Then decide if that statement is supported by most of the other material in the paragraph. (pg. 56) Supporting Details- specific evidence such as examples, causes, reasons, or facts. (pg. 57) As you read through a passage, you must think as you read. (pg. 57) If you merely take in words, you will come to the end of the passage without understanding much of what you read. (pg.57) Recognizing a Main Idea Steps (pg. 57) 1. Look for general versus specific ideas. 2. Use the topic to lead to the main idea. 3. Use keywords to lead you to the main idea. Topic- is the general subject of a selection. (pg. 63) It can often be expressed in one or more words. (pg. 63) The next step after finding the topic is to decide what main point the author is making the topic. (pg. 63) Author often present their main idea in a single sentence. (pg. 63) This sentence is also known as main idea sentence or the topic of sentence. (pg. 63) Key words- Verbal clues that are easy to recognizes. (pg. 69) One group of these is list words, which tell you a list of items will follow. (pg 69) Addition words- are generally used right before supporting details. (pg. 70) Locations of the main idea (pg 71) 1. Distinguish between the general and the specific. 2. Identify tbe topic of a passage. 3. Using key words Main idea at the beginning (pg 71) It is very common for the main idea to be either the first or second sentence of the paragraph. (pg 71) Main idea in the middle (pg 73) The main idea at times appears in the middle of the paragraph. (pg 73) Main idea at the end (pg 73) Sometimes all the sentences im a paragraph will lead up to the main idea, which is presented at the end. (pg 73) The central point (pg 76) Just as a paragraph may have a main idea, a longer selection may have a central point, akso known as a central idea or thesis. (pg 76)