Chapter 6: States of Consciousness (Lecture and Textbook Notes)
Chapter 6: States of Consciousness (Lecture and Textbook Notes) PSY 1012-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by ShesANotetaker on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1012-002 at Florida Atlantic University taught by James J. Jakubow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Social Science at Florida Atlantic University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY (PSY1012) 10/03/2016 Chapter 6: States of Consciousness The Nature of Consciousness Section’s from the textbook covered in today’s lecture: - Consciousness of the Brain - Levels of Awareness Definition of Consciousness Consciousness: Awareness of external events and internal sensations, including awareness of the self and thoughts about one’s experiences; the awareness occurs under a condition of arousal. Consciousness differs betwe umans and animals. ● Human Consciousness ○ What a person is currently AWARE of ● AWAREness ○ A behavioral state that requires language to be observed ○ If there is no spoken, signed, or written language exhibited, then there is no measure of human consciousness ○ Imagine what a person would appear like if he or she exhibited behavior but no measure of language ○ Could you prove that someone has no consciousness even after they use language? ● Animal Consciousness ○ What an animal is currently AWARE of ● AWAREness ○ Because animals do not exhibit human language skills their measure of awareness is most often assessed by testing their accuracy in learning and memory tests ■ Does their behavior change when the environment changes? ■ Do they exhibit any memory? ● Limited in assessment of animal consciousness The definition of consciousness -- whether human or animal-- is closely related to: - Behavioral psychology GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY (PSY1012) 10/03/2016 ● Consciousness ○ Studied since the beginning of psychology ○ It was frequently tied to unscientific concepts ■ Supernatural explanations ○ The continued study of consciousness has slowly focused the empirical facts to a mixture of language and memory processes ● Consciousness by any other name… ○ 1880s: Consciousness (metaphysical explanations used for consciousness) ○ 1910s: Awareness (Studying consciousness from a scientific standpoint but the metaphysical explanations come again) ○ 1950s: Attention (Studying consciousness from a scientific standpoint) ○ 1960s: Working memory ○ 1980s: Executive function ● Levels of Awareness ● These are fuzzy categories: ○ Higher-level consciousness ■ Requires focused attention ○ Lower-level consciousness ■ Daydreaming, little attention required ○ Altered state of consciousness ■ Drugs, trauma, tiredness ○ Subconscious awareness ■ Dreaming ○ No awareness ■ Being anesthetized ● These categories all involve various levels of attention ● Warning ○ The idea that everyone has a subconscious that houses “mental conflict” has been abandoned by scientific psychology ■ Internal mental conflict is a Freudian theoretical concept that has not gained any scientific support over the past 110 years ○ The subconscious is also where subliminal messages are supposed to control your behavior ■ This is also an idea with little scientific merit
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