Music Therapy Notes Week 3
Music Therapy Notes Week 3 MUTH 100 01
Popular in Introduction to Music Therapy
Popular in Music Ed & Music Therapy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Meadows on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUTH 100 01 at Montclair State University taught by Dr. Abrams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Therapy in Music Ed & Music Therapy at Montclair State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Music Therapy ● Formal profession in US (1950) ● Flute and percussion very common in music therapy ● Indigenous Societies ○ Music as magic (prescientific thinking, without tangible evidence) ○ Music used for mediating structure (structure and patterns in music) in protective rituals ○ Treat demonic possession ○ Entreating deities (glorify, supplication, thanksgiving, etc.) ○ Pentatonic scale ● Early Civilizations ○ Time of greater stability ● Antiquity ○ Math and music align ○ Religion and medicine intertwined (ex. Bible: David playing music for King Saul) ○ Egypt: Chants for soul’s wellbeing ○ Babylon: Religious placation of gods via music ○ Greece: Plato and Aristotle as proponents of music for health ■ Implicate order of universe ■ Music of heavenly spheres ■ Music as healthy order and balance ● Middle Ages ○ Chant as embodiment of spirit ■ Nonrhythmic melody (gregorian chantresonance and overtones) ■ Harmony in the echoes ■ Focus on spirit rather than physical body (spirit as breath) ○ Music for balancing four humors (bodily fluids) and exorcising demons ● Renaissance ○ Scientific links between music and medicine ○ Baroque: Match styles of music to individual temperament for responsiveness (prescribe music) ■ Importance of harmony (polyphonic versus monophony) ● 18th Century ○ Cartesian model (Mind/Body dualism and interaction) ○ Music regulate emotions/ mentalphysical interactions ○ Impact of music on mental health ○ Need for proper training/ competence in field acknowledged (modernlicensure) ● 19th Century ○ Humanist philosophies ○ Psychodynamic model (Freud and others) ● 19th Century Literature concerning music and health ● 20th Century Figures
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