SAMPLE UPLOAD DO NOT BUY
SAMPLE UPLOAD DO NOT BUY Political Science 225
Popular in Conquest
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hanna_s on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political Science 225 at Hollins University taught by Dr. Lynch in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Conquest in Political Science at Hollins University.
Reviews for SAMPLE UPLOAD DO NOT BUY
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/23/16
September 21st, 2016 ● Bismarck and the Unification of Germany ○ Changes in the ‘German Empire’ ■ Rights of the citizen are the rights of the state (Bismarck) ● Human rights aren’t given by the state, they are inherent (government has the responsibility to acknowledge and hold up these inalienable rights: to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness) ■ Government and individuals are one (No distinction between citizens and their government) ■ No possibility of government oppression ● ‘You are oppressing yourself’ ■ No need for separation of power ■ Lutheran vs Roman Catholic ● God knows all vs Salvation through actions ● RC: and oppressive government might force you to do things that are inherently wrong ● RC & socialists: took a stand against Bismarck’s policies ○ Kulturkampf ■ Bismarck knew that he would have to undermine the power of the Roman Catholic Church ■ ‘Battle to control the culture’ ■ Culture is the sum total in the ways in which a society indicates what is important to that society ● Ex: Honorifics, Holidays, etc. ■ Civil Disobedience: you can’t make me do this it’s immoral ● Cultural Values: Civil law and moral can either be similar or something ■ Two birds with one stone Bavaria and the Catholic Church ● Bavaria was the most Catholic part of the country as well as most against Prussia ■ Question loyalty of all Catholics ● All Catholics are disloyal ■ Distrust and exclusion from ‘sensitive’ government posts ■ Similar treatment of Socialists Weakeners!! ● ‘Working men have no loyalty, only to their class’ ■ Spend on ‘Guns before butter’ ○ Details ■ May Laws, 1871, Restrict authority of Church ■ Did not outlaw Socialists, but outlawed meeting intended to spread Socialism ■ Social Welfare State ● Social spending went up considerably ● Government funding for healthcare and education ● Meant to undercut both the Socialist party and Catholic church which had both provided these efforts ■ Closed 45 of 47 ProSocialist newspapers ○ Denouement ■ Kaiser Wilhelm I died 1888 ● Left Bismarck as the strongest leader ● Son of the 1st died 90 days later ■ Kaiser Wilhelm II, dismissed Bismarck 1890 ● ‘Captain disposing of the pilot’ ■ Kaiser Wilhelm II looked for a war to start (Found one in WW1) ■ Kaiser Wilhelm II disappeared from the country at the end of WW1 in women's clothing ○ ‘Altering a society’s culture’ (Pre20th century) ● Machiavelli (14691527); The Prince ○ Was not writing about himself, he was writing about how to gain power in his century (as a how to book for all societies) (15131532) ○ His view of power was permanent and unchanging ■ Human nature was absolute and never changing ○ Believed in obedience ■ Dearly purchased ■ Most people want to obey you ○ The Founding of National Monarchies: ■ European elites, whether nobles, clerics or burgher grudgingly gave allegiance to ambitious monarchs a single, strong ruler seemed the only alternative to the brutal pattern of war and civil... ■ The rise of towns and the new middle class of the 1100s were crucial in setting this process in motion and prepared the foundation for the modern, political world ■ Stir up the middle class’s feelings towards the aristocracy (SIMILARITY BETWEEN MACHIAVELLI AND RICHELIEU) ■ Kings in Europe become more powerful in favor of weaker nobles, and nation states became more powerful ● MOstly in Austria and France (Similar because they both wanted italy) ● Italy and Germany became a nation state in the sameish year ○ Italy divided into 3 parts: South (sicily/2 sicily) Undernourished and corrupt, Middle (Papal States) provide money to the papacy, North Italy (Florence, Venice, etc) City States ● Italy is not considered an actual country ■ The Prince is a manual for improving governance: on how to gain , use, and extend power ● ‘An idiots guide for power’ ● ‘An invitation to mortal sins’ The Catholic Church ● ‘The ends justify the means’ Machiavelli ■ “It may be said of men in general that they are ungrateful, voluble dissemblers, anxious to avoid danger…” Machiavelli ● Two types of people: people who look for danger vs people who avoid danger ● Most people are content with a general level of danger and sadness ■ Most people are bad, selfish, and selfcentered ● Don’t keep promises to people who don’t keep their promises to you ■ This is PRUDENCE (to macchiavelli) ■ If you trust someone and that trust is misplaced then the likely outcome is war ● Meaning: Not everyone has this view so the world isn’t as tension viewed ■ Good Cruelties: You come down with an iron boot and everyone finds that you are ruthless and no one provokes you, that's peacefulness ● Those who want power, need to be dealt with
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'