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Practice Upload DO NOT BUY PSYCH 11762 -001
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Friedl on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 11762 -001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Robin Joynes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
All psychological observations are More complex unbiased. They are objective thoughts=longer methods. reaction time Psychologists are constantly o Introspection:by asking questioning what we know to be people what is going on in true. Psychology is all about critical their mind thinking. Ex:Apple Behaviors are overt meaning you What would be can readily observe them said about the happening in the environment. apple? Actions, reactions that people have More complex and can physically be seen thought of apple happening. Visible. o What is Mental processes are covert. They wrong with are going on IN YOUR HEAD. Such this as emotions and thoughts. method? Hidden(not visible) Looking at someones behavior will It is very reveal what a person is thinking or feeling. gener Studying behavior and mental . processes is what the goal of o This is a psychology is. subjective measure. Goals of Psychology o Wundt used o Describe behavior o Explain behavior reaction o Predict behavior time and o Control/change behavior introspectio n. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Gestalt’s o Originated from the field of philosophy psychology: o Wilhelm Wundt (1832- o Look at 1920)was the first one to thught processes establish a psychology lab as a whole. Founding father of psychology Gestalt Founded the school of means whole. structuralism o Would o Wanted to understand the argue that structure of the mind If you only o Thought consciousnesss was made up of different parts study the o Wanted to describe the mind componen t part you by breaking down thoughts will miss into their most basic what the elements parts Used a procedure by measuring reaction make as a time whole. o Structural Structuralism: ism was what is the not the mind? proper Functionalism: approach what is the for mind for? studying John Watson(1878- the mind. 1958) More important Decided there to learn what was a lot of the function of psychology the mind is not that is bad the structure. science o Understan din the In order to make purpose psychology a of true science thoughts you need to and behavior focus on one in an thing:BEHAVIO R. individual He brought the s adaption imperical to the environme approach back nt. to psychology. Incorporated Behaviorism: emphasizes the the idea of scientific study. natural selection Nature vs William James nurture: nature: (1842-1910) he genetics would argue Nurture: the that the reason we have the way you act mind is based on your because it surroundings. Watson is a provides us complete with an advantage to nurture guy. survive and Environment reproduce and played the pass it off to biggest role as to how you our offspring. behaved. o Important to figure Watson was out why influenced by we have Ivan Pavlov: the mind. doing experiments on dogs changing the o – environment Observabl around adog. e behavior (the pavlov Still experiment) arou Watson nd thought the toda same thing y. would happen Most with people. pred Watson’s omin famous “little ate albert appr experiment” oach to o Showed a white rat psyc Ωand holo albert gy. happily o Until 1960 there was a lot eould of questioning to Psychology and behavior. react. And then he The idea of studying would thoughts and emotions play a came about. loud o 7 approaches to the study noise. of psychology now: Biological o Shows albert the Behavioral white rat Psychodynamic and he Humanistic cries. Cognitive o We learn Evolutionary to fear Sociocultural things o Biological: because Study of the brain of past experienc and how it es and the influences behavior of a human or an conseque animal. nces o Behavioral o Counter Observable conditioni ng: show responses and how the white changes in the environment affects rat with the areas. something Started with Watson, he likes. continued with BF PSYCHOLOGY TODAY Skinner:theory of operant learning o Behavioris o Psychodynamic m Sigmund Freud How we think, study, Looking for a store, and use the way to help information. people who had The cognitive anxiety and revolution. many other You can study psychological emotions and issues memories and Mental and came up with behavioral scientific ways problems were and measures caued by to do so. problems that o Evolutionary were in the Focuses on natural mind. selection and o Unconscio adaption. us Modern day desires. functionalism o Problems Causes of behavior would are attributed to arise those that lead to when you greater reproductive could not success accomplis o Sociocultural h this Emphasizes social desire interactions and that your cultural conscious determinents. mind Demographics, would not gender, religion, allow you to occupation predict behavior. complete o Humanistic Carl rogers and Abraham maslow founded this approach towards helping people become happier and more CHAPTER 1(PART 2) psychologically stable. What does it mean to be Self actualization: scientific? People had the o Gather info using our ability to be sense their ideal self. o Remain unbiased o Cognitive o Employ critical thinking o Using the scientific method Scientific Method: Have to remain o Make an observation objective and/or perceive a Cannot assume why question about behavior they are doing what or mental processes they are doing. o Form a hypothesis Simply only describe A guess with specific what you see and predictions about hear what would happen o Case Studies if you change In depth study of a variables. single person or a o Test your hypothesis very small group of o Draw conclusions people that have a Look at your data special condition o Report your results o Survey Research Talk about your The most popular limitations that way of finding out might change your info about a large results group of people o Evaluation Polling See if things need to Measures a variety change of behavioral and Research Methods psychological events o Descriptive Advantages and Researchers try and disadvantages describe behavior. People lie o Correlational Info just isn’t Predicts behavior accurate. Looks at People may be relationships embarrassed to between two answer. Don’t variables want to be o Experimental judged. Attempts to explain behavior Advantages: o Get a lot Is used to find out of info in cause and effect. a very Will explain the short results by looking at period of the causation. time Descriptive Research Gallo o Observe, collect and p observe data polls o Naturalistic observation o Correlational Research Watching something Predicting behavior in their natural Observe or measure habitat and two things to see if describing their they are related or behavior. not. Cannot determine opposite cause and effect. directions Examples: Correlation o Water and Coefficient(r): sunshine= o Statistical plant calculatio growth n that o Class indicates attendanc the e=good strength exam and the grades direction o The size of the of a man’s correlatio hands and n the size of o Vary his feet between o How 0-1 closer related to 1 are the means the variables stronger What the is correlatio the n stren o 0 means gth no correlatio of the n. corre o -.89, .76, latio 1.35 n? if Direc you see a tion: varia corre bles latio chan n ging abov toge e 1 som ther o Positive ethin correlatio g is ns: wron variables g. move o Experimental research Experimenters together o Negative manipulate the Correlatio variable of interest, n: while holding all variables other factors move in constant. Can determine cause Every experiment and effect has different groups relationships. Experimental group: Extremely specific experiment group How does the gets treatment independent Control group: does variable impact the not change at all. dependent variable? They do not get the Independent experiment variable: the thing you manipulate. What you measure group from group. Dependent variable: the thing you measure at the end of the study (the outcome)
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