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Practice Upload DO NOT BUY

by: Molly Friedl

Practice Upload DO NOT BUY PSYCH 11762 -001

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Molly Friedl

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Hey these are for ch. 1
General Psychology
Dr. Robin Joynes
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Friedl on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 11762 -001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Robin Joynes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology at Kent State University.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
 All psychological observations are  More complex unbiased. They are objective thoughts=longer methods. reaction time  Psychologists are constantly o Introspection:by asking questioning what we know to be people what is going on in true. Psychology is all about critical their mind thinking.  Ex:Apple  Behaviors are overt meaning you  What would be can readily observe them said about the happening in the environment. apple? Actions, reactions that people have  More complex and can physically be seen thought of apple happening. Visible. o What is  Mental processes are covert. They wrong with are going on IN YOUR HEAD. Such this as emotions and thoughts. method? Hidden(not visible)  Looking at someones behavior will  It is very reveal what a person is thinking or feeling. gener  Studying behavior and mental . processes is what the goal of o This is a psychology is. subjective measure.  Goals of Psychology o Wundt used o Describe behavior o Explain behavior reaction o Predict behavior time and o Control/change behavior introspectio n.  HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY  Gestalt’s o Originated from the field of philosophy psychology: o Wilhelm Wundt (1832- o Look at 1920)was the first one to thught processes establish a psychology lab as a whole.  Founding father of psychology Gestalt  Founded the school of means whole. structuralism o Would o Wanted to understand the argue that structure of the mind If you only o Thought consciousnesss was made up of different parts study the o Wanted to describe the mind componen t part you by breaking down thoughts will miss into their most basic what the elements parts  Used a procedure by measuring reaction make as a time whole. o Structural  Structuralism: ism was what is the not the mind? proper  Functionalism: approach what is the for mind for? studying  John Watson(1878- the mind. 1958)  More important  Decided there to learn what was a lot of the function of psychology the mind is not that is bad the structure. science o Understan din the  In order to make purpose psychology a of true science thoughts you need to and behavior focus on one in an thing:BEHAVIO R. individual  He brought the s adaption imperical to the environme approach back nt. to psychology.  Incorporated  Behaviorism: emphasizes the the idea of scientific study. natural selection  Nature vs  William James nurture: nature: (1842-1910) he genetics would argue  Nurture: the that the reason we have the way you act mind is based on your because it surroundings.  Watson is a provides us complete with an advantage to nurture guy. survive and Environment reproduce and played the pass it off to biggest role as to how you our offspring. behaved. o Important to figure  Watson was out why influenced by we have Ivan Pavlov: the mind. doing experiments on dogs changing the o – environment Observabl around adog. e behavior (the pavlov  Still experiment) arou  Watson nd thought the toda same thing y. would happen  Most with people. pred  Watson’s omin famous “little ate albert appr experiment” oach to o Showed a white rat psyc Ωand holo albert gy. happily o Until 1960 there was a lot eould of questioning to Psychology and behavior. react. And then he The idea of studying would thoughts and emotions play a came about. loud o 7 approaches to the study noise. of psychology now:  Biological o Shows albert the  Behavioral white rat  Psychodynamic and he  Humanistic cries.  Cognitive o We learn  Evolutionary to fear  Sociocultural things o Biological: because  Study of the brain of past experienc and how it es and the influences behavior of a human or an conseque animal. nces o Behavioral o Counter  Observable conditioni ng: show responses and how the white changes in the environment affects rat with the areas. something  Started with Watson, he likes. continued with BF  PSYCHOLOGY TODAY Skinner:theory of operant learning o Behavioris o Psychodynamic m  Sigmund Freud  How we think, study,  Looking for a store, and use the way to help information. people who had  The cognitive anxiety and revolution. many other  You can study psychological emotions and issues memories and  Mental and came up with behavioral scientific ways problems were and measures caued by to do so. problems that o Evolutionary were in the  Focuses on natural mind. selection and o Unconscio adaption. us  Modern day desires. functionalism o Problems  Causes of behavior would are attributed to arise those that lead to when you greater reproductive could not success accomplis o Sociocultural h this  Emphasizes social desire interactions and that your cultural conscious determinents. mind  Demographics, would not gender, religion, allow you to occupation predict behavior. complete o Humanistic  Carl rogers and Abraham maslow founded this approach  towards helping people become happier and more CHAPTER 1(PART 2) psychologically stable.  What does it mean to be  Self actualization: scientific?  People had the o Gather info using our ability to be sense their ideal self. o Remain unbiased o Cognitive o Employ critical thinking o Using the scientific method  Scientific Method:  Have to remain o Make an observation objective and/or perceive a  Cannot assume why question about behavior they are doing what or mental processes they are doing. o Form a hypothesis  Simply only describe  A guess with specific what you see and predictions about hear what would happen o Case Studies if you change  In depth study of a variables. single person or a o Test your hypothesis very small group of o Draw conclusions people that have a  Look at your data special condition o Report your results o Survey Research  Talk about your  The most popular limitations that way of finding out might change your info about a large results group of people o Evaluation  Polling  See if things need to  Measures a variety change of behavioral and  Research Methods psychological events o Descriptive  Advantages and  Researchers try and disadvantages describe behavior.  People lie o Correlational  Info just isn’t  Predicts behavior accurate.  Looks at  People may be relationships embarrassed to between two answer. Don’t variables want to be o Experimental judged.  Attempts to explain behavior  Advantages: o Get a lot  Is used to find out of info in cause and effect. a very  Will explain the short results by looking at period of the causation. time  Descriptive Research  Gallo o Observe, collect and p observe data polls o Naturalistic observation o Correlational Research  Watching something  Predicting behavior in their natural  Observe or measure habitat and two things to see if describing their they are related or behavior. not.  Cannot determine opposite cause and effect. directions  Examples:  Correlation o Water and Coefficient(r): sunshine= o Statistical plant calculatio growth n that o Class indicates attendanc the e=good strength exam and the grades direction o The size of the of a man’s correlatio hands and n the size of o Vary his feet between o How 0-1 closer related to 1 are the means the variables stronger  What the is correlatio the n stren o 0 means gth no correlatio of the n. corre o -.89, .76, latio 1.35 n?  if  Direc you see a tion: varia corre bles latio chan n ging abov toge e 1 som ther o Positive ethin correlatio g is ns: wron variables g. move o Experimental research  Experimenters together o Negative manipulate the Correlatio variable of interest, n: while holding all variables other factors move in constant.  Can determine cause  Every experiment and effect has different groups relationships.  Experimental group:  Extremely specific experiment group  How does the gets treatment independent  Control group: does variable impact the not change at all. dependent variable? They do not get the  Independent experiment variable: the thing you manipulate. What you measure group from group.  Dependent variable: the thing you measure at the end of the study (the outcome)


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