Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes
Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes PSY 266
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Anderson on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 266 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Caitlin C. Brez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Development Psy in Psychology at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes Early childhood Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget: constructivist (knowledge is built up from experience) o Published a paper at the age of 11 o Borrowed from biology Principles of: organization ( in nature things are organized) Adaptation (as things change, you adapt) o Schemas: organized ways of putting things together o How children learn Assimilation process in which new information is pulled into your existing schema Example: you have an understanding of what a dog is comes across a hairless dog so you update schema to say dogs don’t need hair. Peanut butter fish instead of jelly fish Accommodation change your schema Example: dogs have 4 legs, fur and a tail but deer, cats, and cows all have those too so you change your schemas say dogs bark, cows have spots, cats meow etc. Walley with the spork Piaget’s stages of cognitive development o Sensorimotor stage All about moving Key milestones: Object permanence an object is permanent, it doesn’t disappear if you cover it up, it is still there. – around 8 months they have this AnotB error: take an object, hide in spot A over and over and they reach in A, put in B and they still search in A. Around 12 months they reach for B o Preoperational period: Between 2 and 7 years Characteristics/limitations: Egocentrism: idea that kids see their world from their perspective but they think everyone has the same perspective. They don’t understand that others have a different view. 3 mountain task Smarties task: kid with juice box with ribbons doesn’t remember he thought there was juice before False belief tasks: muffin video(with dolls) and sticker video (with puppet monkey) Centration: concentrate on one dimension (length) and ignore transformation (spacing it out more). dots task with two lines o Concrete operational Between 7 and 12 years Characteristics: Infers reality beyond own perspective Considers several dimensions Focuses on states and transformations o Formal operational 11 and up Adultlike logic Deductive reasoning (20 questions) o Marshmallow test: selfcontrol, emotional, intelligence Those who waited: better attention and emotional skills, better verbal fluency, planning, lower BMI, better at dealing with frustrations, higher SAT scores, higher selfesteem, higher selfregulation, males less likely to use crack cocaine. Gender o Sex versus gender Sexbiological (XX or XY), genitalia Gendersocial construct: how you identify with yourself o Socialization and gender Baby Storm parents didn’t tell anyone or child what gender the baby was so storm could choose for him or herself o Gender identity Lawrence Kohlberg 3 stage sequence 1. Basic gender identity: 3 years 2. Gender stability: 4 years gender/sex stays stable 3. Gender consistency: 7 years your gender and sex stay same despite changing outward appearances Sandra Bem: Genetalial knowledge 35 year old took pics of genitalia and showed other kids and they could tell between male and female o Gender differences Infancy?
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