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Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes

by: Bailey Anderson

Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes PSY 266

Marketplace > Indiana State University > Psychology > PSY 266 > Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes
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These notes cover everything went over in week 5: Piaget's theory of cognitive development and gender
Development Psy
Dr. Caitlin C. Brez
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Anderson on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 266 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Caitlin C. Brez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Development Psy in Psychology at Indiana State University.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
Developmental Psychology Week 5 Notes  Early childhood­ Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development  Jean Piaget: constructivist (knowledge is built up from experience) o Published a paper at the age of 11 o Borrowed from biology  Principles of: organization ( in nature things are organized)  Adaptation (as things change, you adapt) o Schemas: organized ways of putting things together o How children learn  Assimilation­ process in which new information is pulled into your  existing schema  Example: you have an understanding of what a dog is­ comes  across a hairless dog­ so you update schema to say dogs don’t need hair.   Peanut butter fish instead of jelly fish  Accommodation­ change your schema  Example: dogs have 4 legs, fur and a tail but deer, cats, and cows  all have those too so you change your schemas­ say dogs bark,  cows have spots, cats meow etc.  Walley with the spork  Piaget’s stages of cognitive development o Sensorimotor stage  All about moving  Key milestones:  Object permanence­ an object is permanent, it doesn’t disappear if  you cover it up, it is still there. – around 8 months they have this  A­not­B error: take an object, hide in spot A over and over and  they reach in A, put in B and they still search in A. Around 12  months they reach for B o Preoperational period:  Between 2 and 7 years  Characteristics/limitations:  Egocentrism: idea that kids see their world from their perspective  but they think everyone has the same perspective. They don’t  understand that others have a different view.   3 mountain task  Smarties task: kid with juice box with ribbons­ doesn’t  remember he thought there was juice before  False belief tasks: muffin video(with dolls) and sticker video (with  puppet monkey)  Centration: concentrate on one dimension (length) and ignore  transformation (spacing it out more).­ dots task with two lines o Concrete operational  Between 7 and 12 years  Characteristics:  Infers reality beyond own perspective  Considers several dimensions  Focuses on states and transformations o Formal operational  11 and up  Adult­like logic  Deductive reasoning (20 questions) o Marshmallow test: self­control, emotional, intelligence  Those who waited: better attention and emotional skills, better verbal  fluency, planning, lower BMI, better at dealing with frustrations, higher  SAT scores, higher self­esteem, higher self­regulation, males­ less likely  to use crack cocaine.   Gender o Sex versus gender  Sex­biological (XX or XY), genitalia   Gender­social construct: how you identify with yourself o Socialization and gender  Baby Storm­ parents didn’t tell anyone or child what gender the baby was  so storm could choose for him or herself o Gender identity   Lawrence Kohlberg  3 stage sequence 1. Basic gender identity: 3 years 2. Gender stability: 4 years­ gender/sex stays stable 3. Gender consistency: 7 years­ your gender and sex stay  same despite changing outward appearances  Sandra Bem: Genetalial knowledge­ 3­5 year old took pics of  genitalia and showed other kids and they could tell between male  and female o Gender differences  Infancy?


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