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HIST 106 Collopy Week 3 notes

by: Sara_vanae

HIST 106 Collopy Week 3 notes HIST 106

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About this Document

Notes over week 3 notes on topics like women, politics, and important people
History of the US
William Collopy
Class Notes
history, Women, Politics, democratic, voting, race, collopy, hist, HIST106
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara_vanae on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 106 at Texas A&M University taught by William Collopy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 81 views.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
Women  Smaller families  Single workers  Increased legal rights  National American Women Suffrage Association (1890) Elementary Education  Structured curriculum, discipline, routine  *Horace Mann (educator of Massachusetts; wrote the book)  Boys = more schooling  South lagged the North Higher Education  Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862  Philanthropy  Leland Stanford  Univ. of Stanford  John D Rockefeller (Univ. of Chicago)  made his money in oil Booker T. Washington  Former slave  Educator  Tuskegee Institute  founder  “Atlanta Compromise” – 1895 o Vote o Civil Rights o Equality  Accommodation W.E.B. Du Bois  Ph. D Harvard  Disagreed with Booker T. Washington  “Talented truth”  Niagara movement  NAACP  The Crisis the editor  Stresses that the best of AA need to be stressed about and highlighted amongst the community Race  Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) o Says separate but equal was justifiable o Jim Crow South  North o De fact (segregation by fact) versus de jure (segregation by law) View of Society  Herbert Spencer o “Social Darwinism”: People are going to do better naturally  Henry George o Wealth gap growing  Social Gospel o Society as well as individuals Settlement House (In the city places)  Jane Addams – Hull House  Sharing the lives of the poor to help people progress in: o Infant medical care o Recreation (dancing, music, poetry) o Employment Information o Cultural exposure o Citizenship education Florence Kelley  Child Labor  Law degree o Efforts at legislation  State  Federal African American Migration  Beginning around 1800  From: rural areas of the south  To: South’s cities (like ATX and Charleston)  To: North’s cities Race  Local initiatives o Churches o Clubs o Schools  NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People - 1909) o White progressive o White liberals o Black leaders o Long legal process Political Realignments (1890s) The Gilded Age *a prosperous time Voting  White Males  South o Poll tax o Literacy (Can you read?)  Women A Hobbled government  From Lincoln to Teddy Roosevelt  Gridlocked legislative branch  Weak, reluctant executive branch  Depressions of 1873, 1893 o 1873: railroads o 1893: effects the next presidential election in 96’ State Government Initiatives  Commissions regulating railroads  Prompted deferral legislative o Interstate Commerce Act (1887) o Interstate Commerce Commission Depression of 1893  Began in Europe  Shrinking markets abroad  U.S. manufacturing crippled  Collapsing farm prices  Dumping of U.S. securities Symptoms of the Depression  Cozey’s Army (1894) o Print money (cheap) o Construction jobs  Pullman Strike (1894) o American Railway Union (Eugene V. Debs) o Obstructed the mail o U.S. Army troops Nation Grange  Cooperative Accusations against o Grain elevator operators o Railroads Populism  Grange  Nation Alliance  Have a convention called Ocala Platform (1890) o Form the Populist Party (1892) Mary Lease  Populist speaker  Farming areas  Says “Raise less corn and more Hell!” o Challenge farmers to have a voice and tell Washington they are unhappy; something needs to change National Alliance Ocala Platform of 1890 *foundation of the Populist Party  Sub-treasuries o Keep stored away until it gains revenue  Increase money supply  Reclaim R.R. lands  Reduce or eliminate tariffs (tax on imported goods)  Graduated income tax Populist Party (1892) People’s (Populist) Party 1892)  Popular election of senators  8-hour day  Restricted immigration  Graduated income tax Populists  Farmers  Miners  Working people The People’s (Populist Party)  1892 Elections  Governors in KS, ND  10 Congressmen  5 U.S. Senators  1,500 state legislators Political Realignments, 1890s (II) 1896 Election Many historians consider it one of the most important elections in US history Republican  New England  Protestant  Nativist leaning  Prohibitionist (bad for people to drink alcohol)  African American Support Democrats  Cities  Irish, Italian, German  Catholic  Saloon Patrons  Northern Cities  The South Election of 1896  “Goldbugs” vs “Silverites”  William McKinley (R) o Supports tariffs (tax on imported goods)  Domestic manufactures supported him and the tariff o Gold standard o “Full dinner pail”  William Jennings Bryan (D) o Populist candidate also o Producing classes o Free coinage of silver  Puts silver into currency not just gold  You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold”  Platform: Gold and silver, unlimited coinage McKinley  A revived economy  Cooperation with (Republican) Congress  Protectionist tariff  Gold Standard Act Inflation  *Decrease in purchasing power of a currency Where do third parties go to die? They get dispersed and absorbed into one of the two larger parties (Democratic or Republican) Ragtime Film Viewing How does the place where Harry K Thaw was arrested in the film differ from the place reported in the New York Times story?


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