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SPTE 110, Week 5 Notes on Youth Sport and Coaching Sport

by: David Burns

SPTE 110, Week 5 Notes on Youth Sport and Coaching Sport SPTE 110 001

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Sport and Entertainment Management > SPTE 110 001 > SPTE 110 Week 5 Notes on Youth Sport and Coaching Sport
David Burns

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About this Document

These notes cover what's going to be on the next exam
Sport and Entertainment in American Life
Sidney E Kenyon
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by David Burns on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPTE 110 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Sidney E Kenyon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Sport and Entertainment in American Life in Sport and Entertainment Management at University of South Carolina.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
Youth Sports  Historical Development of Youth Sport o Expanded from lower-class activity (before WWII) to include all social classes o Little League baseball began in 1939 o Majority of sport was geared toward boys until the 1970s o Evolved from child-centered “play” to organized sport o Title IX was enacted in 1972, increased girls’ participation o Family and societal factors affect popularity  Both parents working outside home  Fear of child predators  Safe haven for inner-city kids  Specialized training  Sponsors of Youth Sport o Community and parks programs (local recreation centers) o Community organizations such as YMCAs o Nonprofit sport organizations o Corporate sponsors: national, regional, local o Commercial sport and fitness clubs o Private organizations that rent private facilities  Long-Term Athlete Development Plan o Sets a program for training, competition, and recovery based on developmental age o Children develop needed fundamental movement and motor skills  Privatization of Youth Sport o Funding for public youth sport has been decreased o Entrepreneurs see money in competitive travel teams and private coaching o Popular services include summer camps, private lessons, and sport academies  Current Status of Youth Sport o About 50% of US children participate in youth sport o Team sport participation peaks at 11 o More than 70% of US kids drop out of youth sport before high school  They will drop out of athletics unless they can access nonprivatized recreational leagues  Why do children drop out? o Increased pressure to win o Stress on high performance o Participation expenses o Risk of injury o Participation in alternative sports o Lack of training for youth coaches  Gender Differences o Boys enter sport sooner than girls o Girls drop out sooner than boys o Girls more likely to take part in a wide array of sports; boys stick to more traditional o Girls in rural and urban areas participate less than boys in the same areas o Participation rate is similar for girls and boys in suburban areas  Does sport matter? o More than 80% of executive business women participated in organized sport in middle and high school o Girls of color have a lower participation rate than Caucasian girls  Issues to consider o Increase in overweight and obesity among youth o Increasing cost of sport o Rise of extreme sports  600% increase since 1990  X Games now mainstream  Not a fad!  Changes in sport preference o Participation decrease in baseball and football o Participation increase in lacrosse, rugby, gymnastics, and beach volleyball o Basketball has the highest participation rate for boys and girls  Organized Youth Sport o Athlete Organized Sport  Pickup games run by players  Participation declining over the past 20 years  Results in decrease in physical activity  Lots of action for all players  Flexible rules  Time with friends  Freedom  Kids learn how to work within a group, make decisions, and get along with peers o Adult-organized sport  Sports and leagues run by parents, coaches, and organizations  Participation increasing  Focuses on skill development and proper positioning  Reinforces conformity through strict rules and strategies  Adults choose competition level, arbitrate rule infractions, and determine who plays and where  Can do harm due to lack of knowledge about safety, healthy competition, and kids’ emotional needs  Balanced and positive parental involvement helps athletes gain more from sport  Burnout in Youth Sport o Excessive stress related to game outcomes, performance anxiety, and low self-esteem Coaching Sport  Coaches’ Possible Positive Influence o Consistency over time o Innovative training methods and strategies o Positive leadership (e.g. democratic) o Athletes’ loyalty, education, and integrity  Coaching Code of Ethics o Example: National Federation of State High School Associations code  Coaches’ Possible Negative Influences o Coaching without training o Punishing poor performance o Focusing on winning at all costs o Instilling prejudice o Inflicting physical or mental abuse  Ways to Improve Coaching o Preseason meetings for players and parents o Clear organizational expectations for coaches o Training in effective coaching skills o Effective procedures for filing complaints o Consequences for inappropriate behavior  Status of Coaching o More than 3 million youth sport coaches (mostly volunteers) o Coaching standards few, often low, and often set by organizing group o National standards for sport coaches o Difficulty in defining coaching as profession  Problems with relying on volunteers o Need for coaches is great, so leagues welcome volunteers o Results in inexperienced, untrained coaches o Even with training, turnover rate is high o Gives only short-term benefit to knowledge base and then new coaches are needed  Coach Training: Youth sport and high school o NFHS coach education program o Adopted by all 51 state associations o Human Kinetics Coach Education o SHAPE America o National Youth Sports Coaches Association  Coach Training: College and Pros o College: most require coaches to have a degree and perhaps playing experience o Professional: Most require coaches to have experience in playing or coaching  Aveneues for getting and staying trained o College (offered at nearly 180 U.S. institutions) o National governing body  Certification based on knowledge, skill, and competence  Geared toward a specific group o National agency  Human Kinetics Coach Education  National Youth Sports Coaches Association o National governing body (NGB) o Many opportunities for self-improvement  Coaching at the Professional Level o Often need experience playing at pro level o Must accept the business of sport and commitment to winning o Need to help athletes develop mental skills  Coaching High-Performance Amateurs o Teaching of fundamental skills o Knowledge of both personal and skill development o Knowledge of the mental side of sport o Ability to communicate with parents and agents  Coaching Intercollegiate Sport o Variations based on school’s divisional status o Experience in playing or coaching the sport o Knowledge of NCAA rules (United States) o Commitment to winning  Coaching Interscholastic Sport o Extra job for supplemental pay o Ability to teach fundamental skills o Organizational and administrative skills o Knowledge of both personal and skill development  Coaching Youth Sport o Care about athletes’ needs and welfare o Teach rules of the game and basic strategy o Create a safe and fun environment o Understand both personal and skill development  Coaching Males and Females o Females and males look for similar qualities in a coach o Females are more motivated to improve their own performance o Males are more motivated to beat others  Traditional Description of Coaches o Conservative o Clear concept of right and wrong o Respect for tradition and authority o Focus on development o Behavior modeled on past coaches  Current Description of Coaches o Coach profile has changed in recent years  Less autocratic  More business oriented and team centered  Perhaps more tolerant of difference o Asses your own personality and create a coaching philosophy  Challenges facing future coaches o Develop national standards for specific coaching levels  Adoption of coaching standards by all organizations  National certification process for all coaches  Mandated continuing education  Public awareness of coach education and certification  Recruit and retain good coaches  Recruit female coaches at all levels  Ensure athletes’ safety  Develop coach recognition system based on criteria other than wins and losses  Recruit minority coaches


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