Personality Psychology week 3 notes
Personality Psychology week 3 notes 374
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Sinner on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 374 at Catholic University of America taught by Parkhurst, J. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology at Catholic University of America.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Chapter 3: (Freud continued) Defense mechanisms= ways our unconscious protects our conscious 1. Repression- push down feelings/thoughts/ emotions a. Ex) forgetting something to do when it is important but because it was causing anxiety b. Repress thoughts and memories 2. Reaction Formation- reaction formulated opposite to how you would act a. hide true feelings/actions when anxious b. ex) passive aggressive people because don’t want to admit to being bitchy 3. Denial- say an emotion or something isn’t so a. Ex) saying “I do not need to deal with it” (not now but at all because if it’s not dealing right now that’s repression) 4. Projection- when in denial about ourselves but can see your true problems in other people a. very quick to point out others problems b. ex) you’re not a cheater but can point out people who cheat 5. Sublimation- to find a socially/cultural output for actions you don’t find socially/culturally acceptable a. ex) someone bossy becomes a leader so they can control people 6. Regression- to regress to a behavior from the past that worked a. Ex) when upset and throw a temper tantrum 7. Rationalization- make sense of something you didn’t understand a. Make an excuse for an action b. Ex) “I am not myself today” 8. Intellectualization –trying to use facts to explain action a. Ex) when someone dies and people say “oh they lived a long life” 9. Philosophizing – using religion to explain things to explain a situation a. Ex) “Oh God is punishing me” 10. Displacement- displace an emotion to a safer environment or person a. Ex) parents yelling at kids when mad at spouse *CULTURE DEFINES A PERSONALITY* Freud’s Contributions: Represents new way of thinking first to think about unconscious Brought mind into field of science scientific study of people and how we are (personality) Influence of sexuality first time in a long time that people were able to talk about sexual impulses and how they affect personality Suppositions the fact that we have inherent traits from early childhood Unconscious as explanation of what/ why we do things Freud’s Weakness: Deterministic he thought he was discovering laws o “if this, then that” o A lot of ambiguity (not scientific) Population/sample that Freud used is not normal distribution o His theories were based on people who had pathologies Ability to be scientific not a lot of principles o Make up words and can’t empirically study his theories *contributions outweigh weaknesses* Facial Expression= emotions linked with behaviors, react involuntarily sometimes Ex) happy- smile Illusion of Free Will= we are masters of ourselves Hyper amnesia= excessive memory (too much memory) that we cannot think of it all at any given present moment, [Abstract, non-factual] A) Cues= remember memories with cues, one added with another B) Recall= flat out knowledge you are able to remember without a cue Manticide= rewriting history, that isn’t true but say the story often enough to rewrite Infantile Amnesia= how we cannot remember memories from childhood until language is developed we have no way to express/remember memories Subliminal Perception= thoughts/ experiences that do not fully rise to consciousness but are being processed Chapter 4 Carl Jung- psychodynamic Wrote about self/self-hood at an early time and that was important He would sit and ponder about being existential thought He thought he had 2 personalities (counter forces) o Inner child o Sage- wise old man 3 parts to the mind: 1. Conscious self (ego) 2. Personal unconscious (preconscious) 3. Collective unconscious- how each person is influenced by others (culture) a. Archetypes= emotionally charged symbols i. Anima-animus: culture defines gender but both are in us ii. Persona-shadow: who you are, but what people see iii. Hero-demon: good vs bad b. Complexes= emotionally charges themes c. Latency= conflict that arises between archetypes *Jung put conflicts onto a continuum* Ectopsychic Functions: Think----- feel Sense-----intuit Judge-----percept Introversion----extroversion *Jung set stage for trait theory* Alfred Adler – Individual psychology Thought self compares itself in a social condition Striving= for superiority Social comparison We are born with inferiority complexes and then strive to overcome inferiority complexes 1. Organ Inferiority= genetically have some inferiority 2. Aggression complex=reaction to perceived inferiority (attempt to be equal) 3. Masculine protest= striving for dominance 4. Superiority= attempt to overcome your inferiority 5. Perfectionism striving= no threshold about what’s good enough (no limit) and never be satisfied Life Tasks= describe persons daily life Encompasses whole life 1. Love-lover 2. Social- contributing member of society (friends) 3. Occupation- make world a better place (work) People can handle without one BUT without all three you are deprived of any life meaning Birth Order birth order and sibling make up makes a difference perceived position of dominance Greek Humors
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