ANT 111, Week 4 Notes
ANT 111, Week 4 Notes ANT 111 - M001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Ambalavanar on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 111 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by M. Schwarz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/23/16
Participant Observation 1. Gaining entry 2. Culture shock 3. Establishing rapport 4. Beginning to understand the culture Participant observation: living among people and learning their ways The first thing you have to look at is their ethical code You have to make sure the people in the communities are comfortable in the anthropologist’s presence Who you are influences what you learn Gatekeepers: worked as translators, worked to arrange things Anthropologists used to assume that their presence made no difference but it really does Language Has a central role in defining who we are as humans Used to communicate complex ideas and concepts Is at the heart of culture Franz Boaz o Father of American Anthropology o You need a holistic view of people in order to understand them in their cultures Edward Sapir o Anthropologist and linguist Benjamin Whorf o Linguist o Believed that since different people speak different languages they conceptualize and view the world differently Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis o How we look at the world is largely determined by our though processes o Our language limits our thought processes so o Language shapes our perspective of the world The Denial of Language and Culture The U.S. implemented a Federal Policy of Extermination Tried removal from Aboriginal Lands Boarding schools were created to rob Native Americans of their identity and wipe out language Ulysses S. Grant’s Peace Policy of 1869-1870: the goal was to turn over administration of Native American reservations to Christian denominations Congress set aside money for missionaries to create boarding schools, took children away from their families until they were young adults Define the Policy “Kill the Indian, save the man.” Harsh conversion and indoctrination into Christianity and train students as laborers (1930) Abolish pagan practices Erase native identity Assimilate native children Effects of Boarding Schools Positive o Increased sense of holistic identity through bonding with other students Negative o Lost their language o Treated badly o Separated from their families o Loss of culture, clothing, traditions, etc. o “Our spirits don’t speak English” o “I got hit so much I lost my tongue- my native tongue.”
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