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ANT 111, Week 4 Notes

by: Christina Ambalavanar

ANT 111, Week 4 Notes ANT 111 - M001

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Christina Ambalavanar

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About this Document

Language, Culture, Native Americans and Boarding School
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
M. Schwarz
Class Notes
Introd to Cul Anthro, Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Anthro, Anthro 2, Anthropology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Ambalavanar on Friday September 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 111 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by M. Schwarz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
Participant Observation 1. Gaining entry 2. Culture shock 3. Establishing rapport 4. Beginning to understand the culture  Participant observation: living among people and learning their ways  The first thing you have to look at is their ethical code  You have to make sure the people in the communities are comfortable in the anthropologist’s presence  Who you are influences what you learn  Gatekeepers: worked as translators, worked to arrange things  Anthropologists used to assume that their presence made no difference but it really does Language  Has a central role in defining who we are as humans  Used to communicate complex ideas and concepts  Is at the heart of culture  Franz Boaz o Father of American Anthropology o You need a holistic view of people in order to understand them in their cultures  Edward Sapir o Anthropologist and linguist  Benjamin Whorf o Linguist o Believed that since different people speak different languages they conceptualize and view the world differently  Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis o How we look at the world is largely determined by our though processes o Our language limits our thought processes so o Language shapes our perspective of the world The Denial of Language and Culture  The U.S. implemented a Federal Policy of Extermination  Tried removal from Aboriginal Lands  Boarding schools were created to rob Native Americans of their identity and wipe out language  Ulysses S. Grant’s Peace Policy of 1869-1870: the goal was to turn over administration of Native American reservations to Christian denominations  Congress set aside money for missionaries to create boarding schools, took children away from their families until they were young adults Define the Policy  “Kill the Indian, save the man.”  Harsh conversion and indoctrination into Christianity and train students as laborers (1930)  Abolish pagan practices  Erase native identity  Assimilate native children Effects of Boarding Schools  Positive o Increased sense of holistic identity through bonding with other students  Negative o Lost their language o Treated badly o Separated from their families o Loss of culture, clothing, traditions, etc. o “Our spirits don’t speak English” o “I got hit so much I lost my tongue- my native tongue.”


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